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18 - Conservative Tracks toward Independence: Transfer of the Court to Rio de Janeiro, the Porto Revolution, and Brazilian Autonomy

from Part II - Brazil, Portugal, and Africa

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 October 2023

Wim Klooster
Affiliation:
Clark University, Massachusetts
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Summary

The escape of the Portuguese royal family to Rio de Janeiro in 1807-8 proved a decisive step towards Brazilian political emancipation. The encounter of the Portuguese court and state with the wealthy slave elite residing in the capital of the colony was a turning point for all players. In the following thirteen years, the Portuguese court would define both the course of liberalism in Portugal and the political independence of Brazil, proclaimed soon after the return of the King of Portugal to Europe in 1821. The relationship between the court and Rio de Janeiro’s aristocracy, which financed the former, occurred through the strict observance of a social etiquette that was indifferent to the conditions of the new tropical setting. The history of both Portugal and independent Brazil throughout the nineteenth century was established there.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2023

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