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17 - Civilization, Culture, and Race: Anthropology in the Nineteenth Century

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 August 2019

Warren Breckman
Affiliation:
University of Pennsylvania
Peter E. Gordon
Affiliation:
Harvard University, Massachusetts
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Summary

In the 1830s and 1840s, an Enlightenment project, the study of the origin and variety of human populations, was made over into a natural science. It was termed “ethnography” or, more ambitiously, “ethnology” or even “anthropology,” all labels that had become current in the final third of the eighteenth century. The new science concerned itself with questions of “race,” “culture,” “civilisation,” and “progress.” These were also freshly minted terms, which became rallying cries in the culture wars of the day.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

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