Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-rq46b Total loading time: 0.467 Render date: 2022-12-04T10:08:35.471Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

3 - Theology and the revolt against the Enlightenment

from PART I - CHRISTIANITY AND MODERNITY

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 March 2008

Sheridan Gilley
Affiliation:
University of Durham
Brian Stanley
Affiliation:
Henry Martyn Centre, Cambridge
Get access

Summary

British security, power and imperial expansion between Waterloo and 1914 meant that many English writers saw the period as a golden age. However, even Englishmen were deeply worried throughout this period about radical upheavals. Europe was convulsed and lacerated by revolutions and wars throughout the nineteenth century: the unsatisfactory rule of the reactionary Metternich; the revolutions of 1848, followed by the unification of Germany and Italy; the Prussian-Austrian and Franco-Prussian wars, up to the diplomatic tensions which eventually incited the First World War. The industrial revolution, vast improvements in travel and communication, and the great prosperity of the latter part of the nineteenth century all coincided with a shift in thought towards understanding those natural forces that were being utilised so dramatically. Philosophy and theology moved from an Idealistic-Romantic to a more materialistic and pragmatic ethos: the impact of the pessimistic doctrines and sombre spirit of Charles Darwin upon this development is undeniable. The apocalyptic mood of the early twentieth-century mind has many precedents in the previous century.

Art and theology were more explicitly related in the nineteenth century than ever before in the history of Christianity. Schleiermacher was at the centre of the Romantic movement in Berlin; Tractarianism was forged in the atmosphere imbued with the nostalgia for medieval Christendom in the novels of Walter Scott; and Ruskin and Morris pursued the explicitly religious aesthetic of Novalis, Chateaubriand and Scott. Artistically the beginning of the period is profoundly visionary Romantic – influenced by the noumenal seas, mountains and lakes envisaged in the Romanticism of the Ancient Mariner, through the paintings of Caspar David Friedrich, to the fin de siècle Impressionists between the cafes of Montmartre and the great boulevards of Proustian Paris.

Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2005

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abrams, M. H., The mirror and the lamp: Romantic theory and the critical tradition, new edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979).Google Scholar
Barth, K., Dieprotestantische Theologieim 19. Jahrhundert (Zurich: Evangelische Verlag, 1947).Google Scholar
Berlin, Isaiah, ‘Joseph de Maistre and the origins of Fascism’, in The crooked timber of humanity (London: Fontana, 1990).Google Scholar
Brandes, George, Friedrich Nietzsche (London: Heinemann, 1914).Google Scholar
Brown, Candy Gunther, The word in the world: evangelical writing, publishing, and reading in America, 1789–1880 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004).Google Scholar
Clark, J. C. D., English society 1688–1832: ideology, social structure and political practice during the ancien regime (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).Google Scholar
Coleridge, S. T, Aids to reflection, ed. Beer, J. (London: Routledge, 1993).Google Scholar
Coleridge, S. T, Table talk, ed. Carl Woodring, , 2 vols. (London, Routledge, 1990).Google Scholar
de Maistre, J., “Considérations”, in Œuvres complètes (Lyons, 1884–6), vol. i.Google Scholar
Gore, Charles (ed.), Lux mundi: a series of studies in the religion of the incarnation (London: John Murray, 1889).Google Scholar
Hedley, R. D., Coleridge, philosophy and religion: aids to reflection and the mirror of the spirit (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heron, Alasdair I. C., A century of Protestant thought (Guildford: Lutterworth Press, 1980).Google Scholar
Hirsch, E., Geschichte der neuern evangelischen Theologie im Zusammenhang mit der Theologie Überhaupt, 5 vols. (Gütersloh: Bertelsmann, C., 19491954).Google Scholar
Holmes, Richard, Coleridge: early visions (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1989).Google Scholar
Lebrun, R.A., Joseph de Maistre: an intellectual militant (Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1988).Google Scholar
Mill, J. S., ‘Coleridge’, in Utilitarianism and other essays:J. S. Mill and Jeremy Bentham, ed. Ryan, Alan (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1987).Google Scholar
Newman, J. H., Apologiapro vitasua, ed. Svaglic, M.J. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1967).Google Scholar
Newsome, David, Two classes of men: Platonism and English Romantic thought (London: John Murray, 1974).Google Scholar
Oß;wald, Bernard, Anton Günther: theologisches Denken im Kontext einer Philosophie der Subjektivität (Paderborn: Schöningh, 1990).Google Scholar
Pocock, J. G. A., Barbarism and religion, 3 vols. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 19992003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Powell, Samuel M., The Trinity in German thought (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).Google Scholar
Prickett, Stephen, Romanticism and religion: the tradition of Coleridge and Wordsworth in the Victorian Church (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976).Google Scholar
Prickett, Stephen, Words and the Word: language, poetics and biblical interpretation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reardon, Bernard M. G., Liberalism and tradition: aspects of Catholic thought in nineteenth-century France (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975).Google Scholar
Reardon, BernardReligion in the age of Romanticism: studies in early nineteenth-century thought (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reardon, BernardReligious thought in the Victorian age: a survey from Coleridge to Gore, 2nd edn (London and New York: Longman, 1995).Google Scholar
Sanders, C. R., Coleridge and the Broad Church movement: studies in S. T Coleridge, Dr Arnold of Rugby, J. C. Hare, Thomas Carlyle and F. D. Maurice (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1942).Google Scholar
Shelley, Mary, Frankenstein or, the modern Prometheus (1818).Google Scholar
Smart, Ninian, et al. (eds.), Nineteenth-century religious thought in the West, 3 vols. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).Google Scholar
Welch, Claude, Protestant thoughtin the nineteenth century, 2 vols. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 19721985).Google Scholar
Willey, Basil, More nineteenth-century studies: a group of honest doubters (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1956).Google Scholar
Willey, Basil, Nineteenth-century studies: Coleridge to Matthew Arnold (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1949).Google Scholar
Young, B. W.Religion and enlightenment in eighteenth-century England: theological debate from Locke to Burke (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×