Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-m9kch Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-26T21:51:48.426Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Part I - Preliminaries

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 September 2021

Michael Ruse
Florida State University
Stephen Bullivant
St Mary's University, Twickenham, London
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)



Buckley, M. 1987. At the Origins of Modern Atheism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Buckley, M. 2004. Denying and Disclosing God: The Ambiguous Progress of Modern Atheism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Buddeus, J. 1717. Theses Theologicæ de Atheismo et Superstitione. Jena: Johann Felix Bielcken.Google Scholar
Farrar, A. 1862. Critical History of Free Thought in Reference to the Christian Religion. London: John Murray.Google Scholar
Hyman, G. 2010. A Short History of Atheism. London: I.B. Tauris.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McGrath, A. 2004. The Twilight of Atheism: The Rise and Fall of Disbelief in the Modern World. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
Putnam, S. 1894. 400 Years of Freethought. New York: The Truth Seeker Company.Google Scholar
Reimmann, J. 1725. Historia Universalis Atheismi et Atheorum Falso et Merito Suspectorum. Hildesiæ: Ludolphum Schroeder.Google Scholar
Robertson, J. M. 1969a [1929]. A History of Freethought Ancient and Modern to the Period of the French Revolution. 2 vols. London: Dawsons of Pall Mall.Google Scholar
Robertson, J. M. 1969b [1929]. A History of Freethought in the Nineteenth Century. Vol 2. London: Dawsons of Pall Mall.Google Scholar
Spencer, N. 2014. Atheists: The Origin of the Species. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
Stephens, M. 2014. Imagine There’s No Heaven: How Atheism Helped Create the Modern World. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Thrower, J. 2000 [1971]. Western Atheism: A Short History. Amherst, NY: Prometheus.Google Scholar
Van Mildert, W. 1820 [1806]. An Historical View of the Rise and Progress of Infidelity, with a Refutation of Its Principles and Reasonings. 3rd ed. 2 vols. London: F.C. and J. Rivington.Google Scholar
Watts, C. 1876. History of Freethought. London: Watts & Co.Google Scholar


Albertz, R. 1994. A History of Israelite Religion in the Old Testament Period. vol. 1. Beginnings to the End of the Monarchy, trans. John Bowden. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press.Google Scholar
Anderson, W. H. U. 1999. ‘What is scepticism and can it be found in the Hebrew Bible?Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament: An International Journal of Nordic Theology, 13(2), 225–57.Google Scholar
Aristotle, . 2004. The Nicomachean Ethics. Edited and translated by Thomson, J. A. K., Tredennick, H., and Barnes, J.. London: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
Avalos, H. 2007. The End of Biblical Studies. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.Google Scholar
Aveling, F. 1907. ‘Atheism’. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved August 20, 2019, from Scholar
Barr, J. 1999. The Concept of Biblical Theology: An Old Testament Perspective. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press.Google Scholar
Berlinerblau, J. 2005. The Secular Bible: Why Nonbelievers Must Take Religion Seriously. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Brueggemann, W. 1997. Theology of the Old Testament: Testimony, Dispute, Advocacy. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press.Google Scholar
Coggins, R. L. 1990. Introducing the Old Testament. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Crenshaw, J. L. 2005. Defending God: Biblical Responses to the Problem of Evil. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davies, P. R. 1992. In Search of Ancient Israel. Sheffield: JSOT Press.Google Scholar
Delitzsch, F. 1871. Commentary on the Psalms, trans. David Eaton. Edinburgh: T&T Clark.Google Scholar
Derrida, J. 2019. Theory and Practice: Collected Seminars at the École Normale Supérieure (1976–77), trans. David Willis. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Duff, A. 1891. Old Testament Theology or the History of the Hebrew Religion from 800 B.C. n.p.: Lockhart Palmer Press.Google Scholar
Eichrodt, W. 1961. Theology of the Old Testament, vol. 1, trans. J. A. Baker. Louisville, KY: John Knox.Google Scholar
Fohrer, G. 1972. A History of Israelite Religion. London: SPCK.Google Scholar
Gericke, J. 2017. What is a God? Philosophical Perspectives on Divine Essence in the Hebrew Bible. London: Bloomsbury and T&T Clark.Google Scholar
Gesenius, W. 1827. A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament, Including the Biblical Chaldee, ed. Josiah W. Gibbs. London: Howell & Stuart.Google Scholar
Goldingay, J. 2010. Old Testament Theology: Israel’s Gospel. Downers Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press.Google Scholar
Köhler, L. 1957. Old Testament Theology. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster.Google Scholar
Nietzsche, F. W. 1984. [1878]. Human, All Too Human: A Book for Free Spirits, trans. M. Faber, with S. Lehmann. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
Preuss, H. D. 1995. Old Testament Theology, vol. 1. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox.Google Scholar
Priest, J. 1968. ‘Humanism, skepticism and pessimism in ancient Israel’. JAAR 36, 311–26.Google Scholar
Rad, G. von. 1972. Wisdom in Israel. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press.Google Scholar
Rowley, H. H. 1956. The Faith of Israel. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster.Google Scholar
Schmid, K. 2003. ‘Differenzierungen und Konzeptualisierungen der Einheit Gottes in der Religions- und Literaturgeschichte Israels’, in Oeming, M and Schmid, K, Der eine Gott und die Götter. Zürich: Theologischer Verlag, 1138.Google Scholar
Schmid, K. 2019. A Historical Theology of the Hebrew Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.Google Scholar
Schultz, H. 1892. Old Testament Theology: The Religion of Revelation in Its Pre-Christian Stage of Development, vol. 2. London: T&T Clark.Google Scholar
Smith, M. S. 2001. The Origins of Biblical Monotheism. Israel’s Polytheistic Background and the Ugaritic Texts, New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Stulman, L. 2011. Abingdon Old Testament Commentaries: Jeremiah. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press.Google Scholar
Thayer, J. H. 1901. A Greek–English Lexicon of the New Testament. Edinburgh: T&T Clark.Google Scholar
Thompson, T. L. 1999. The Bible in History: How Writers Create a Past. London: Jonathan Cape.Google Scholar
Thrower, J. 1980. The Alternative Tradition: A Study of Unbelief in the Ancient World. The Hague: Mouton Publishers.Google Scholar
Tillotson, J. 1820. ‘The wisdom of being religious.’ Sermon I, in Works of Tillotson (1664). London: J. F. Dove, I, 317–89.Google Scholar
Van der Toorn, K. 1999. ‘God 1’, in van der Toorn, K., Becking, B, and van der Horst, P. W (eds.) Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible, 2nd edition. Leiden: Brill, 311–19.Google Scholar
Waltke, B. K. 2012. An Old Testament Theology: An Exegetical, Canonical, and Thematic Approach. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.Google Scholar
Wellhausen, J. 1897. Reste arabischen Heidentums. Berlin: G. Reimer.Google Scholar
Zevit, Z. 2001. The Religions of Ancient Israel: A Synthesis of Parallactic Approaches. London: Continuum.Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats