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12 - Innovation Law and Policy Choices for Climate Change-Related Public–Private Partnerships

from Part III - Environmental Issues: Green Technologies and Agriculture

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 September 2018

Margaret Chon
Seattle University School of Law
Pedro Roffe
International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development
Ahmed Abdel-Latif
International Renewable Energy Agency, Abu Dhabi
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This chapter addresses choices that government policy-makers, private actors, and certain public-private partnerships (PPPs) must make following the Paris Agreement. It discusses the global inequalities that are likely to result from existing unequal patterns of creation and distribution of climate change technologies and associated IP ownership rights. It discusses how costs of accessing climate change technologies protected by IP rights may further exacerbate the current unequal impacts and differential climate change obligations of countries. It presents a typology of public-sector choices in innovation funding and explains how these basic policies may affect the nature, direction, and roles of PPPs in the climate change and energy development domains. It explains why geographical imbalances of wealth and innovation capacity may pose serious problems for technology transfer, particularly when attempting to leverage PPP efforts across jurisdictional borders. It proposes 3 approaches to overcoming the constraints that may result from public-sector policies that rely primarily on PPPs, on private markets, and on IP rights to fund development and transfer of climate change-related technologies.

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