Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-vkn6t Total loading time: 1.37 Render date: 2022-08-10T03:45:00.184Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

25 - Women and Immigration

from Part III - Community Psychology in Action

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 December 2021

Caroline S. Clauss-Ehlers
Affiliation:
Long Island University, New York
Get access

Summary

Approximately half of migrants worldwide are women and girls. Women’s experiences of migration are shaped by contextual factors, such as employment, financial resources, family structure and dynamics, sociopolitical climate, abuse and violence, and documentation status. Further, women’s responses to adapting to a new sociocultural environment often necessitates shifts in roles and positions within family and broader society. Guided by an ecological framework, this chapter provides an overview of salient factors that impact migrant women’s experiences of stress and resilience. We emphasize the dynamic interaction of multiple layers of context and development, including the influence of sociopolitical climate on mental health and access to resources (APA, 2012; Clauss-Ehlers et al., 2019). While recognizing that women have unique experiences of migration across different regions of the world, in this chapter we focus specifically on experiences of immigrant women in the USA, and provide a case illustration of how immigrant women may experience risk and protective factors.

Type
Chapter
Information
The Cambridge Handbook of Community Psychology
Interdisciplinary and Contextual Perspectives
, pp. 511 - 538
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abu-Ras, W., & Abu-Bader, S. (2008). The impact of the September 11, 2001 attacks on the well-being of Arab Americans in New York City. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 3(2), 217239. doi.org/10.1080/15564900802487634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Acharya, M. P., & Northcott, H. C. (2007). Mental distress and the coping strategies of elderly Indian immigrant women. Transcultural Psychiatry, 44(4), 614636. doi.org/10.1177/1363461507083901CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ahmad, F., Shik, A., Vanza, R., et al. (2005). Voices of South Asian women: Immigration and mental health. Women & Health, 40(4), 113130. doi.org/10.1300/j013v40n04_07CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Akhtar, S. (2011). Immigration and acculturation: Mourning, adaptation, and the next generation. New York: Jason Aronson.Google Scholar
Alegria, M., Chatterji, P., Wells, K., et al. (2008). Disparity in depression treatment among racial and ethnic minority populations in the United States. Psychiatric Services, 59(11), 12641272. doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.59.11.1264CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Alvarez, C., Lameiras-Fernandez, M., Holliday, C. N., Sabri, B., & Campbell, J. (2018). Latina and Caribbean immigrant women’s experiences with intimate partner violence: A story of ambivalent sexism. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. doi.org/10.1177/0886260518777006.Google Scholar
American Psychological Association. (2012). Crossroads: The psychology of immigration in the new century – Report of the APA Presidential Task Force on Immigration. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. www.apa.org/topics/immigration/immigration-report.pdfGoogle Scholar
Amri, S., & Bemak, F. (2013). Mental health help-seeking behaviors of Muslim immigrants in the United States: Overcoming social stigma and cultural mistrust. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 7(1), 4363. doi.org/10.3998/jmmh.10381607.0007.104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Araújo Dawson, B. (2009). Discrimination, stress, and acculturation among Dominican immigrant women. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 31(1), 96111. doi.org/10.1177/0739986308327502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aroian, K., Uddin, N., & Blbas, H. (2017). Longitudinal study of stress, social support, and depression in married Arab immigrant women. Health Care for Women International, 38(2), 100117. doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2016.1253698CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Awad, G. H., Martinez, M. S., & Amer, M. M. (2013). Considerations for psychotherapy with immigrant women of Arab/Middle Eastern descent. Women & Therapy, 36(3–4), 163175. doi.org/10.1080/02703149.2013.797761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berger Cardoso, J., Hamilton, E. R., Rodriguez, N., Eschbach, K., & Hagan, J. (2016). Deporting fathers: Involuntary transnational families and intent to remigrate among Salvadoran deportees. International Migration Review, 50(1), 197230. doi.org/10.1111/imre.12106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bohra-Mishra, P., & Massey, D. S. (2011). Individual decisions to migrate during civil conflict. Demography, 48(2), 401424. doi.org/10.1007/s13524-011-0016-5CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Brown, C., Schale, C. L., & Nilsson, J. E. (2010). Vietnamese immigrant and refugee women’s mental health: An examination of age of arrival, length of stay, income, and English language proficiency. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 38(2), 6676. doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1912.2010.tb00115.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Browne, C. V., & Braun, K. L. (2008). Globalization, women’s migration, and the long-term-care workforce. The Gerontologist, 48(1), 1624. doi.org/10.1093/geront/48.1.16CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bryant-Davis, T., & Comas-Díaz, L. (2016). Womanist and Mujerista psychologies: Voices of fire, acts of courage. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bryant-Davis, T., & Tummala-Narra, P. (2017). Cultural oppression and human trafficking: Exploring the role of racism and ethnic bias. Women & Therapy, Special Issue on Trafficking, 40(1–2), 152169. doi.org/10.1080/02703149.2016.1210964Google Scholar
Callister, L. C., Beckstrand, R. L., & Corbett, C. (2011). Postpartum depression and help‐seeking behaviors in immigrant Hispanic women. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, 40(4), 440449. doi.org/10.1111/j.1552-6909.2011.01254.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Capodilupo, C. M., & Forsyth, J. M. (2014). Consistently inconsistent: A review of the literature on eating disorders and body image among women of color. In Miville, M. L. & Ferguson, A. D. (Eds.), Handbook of race-ethnicity and gender in psychology (pp. 343359). New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cerezo, A., Morales, A., Quintero, D., & Rothman, S. (2014). Trans migrations: Exploring life at the intersection of transgender identity and immigration. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 1(2), 170180. doi.org/10.1037/sgd0000031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chammartin, G. (2002). The feminization of international migration. International Migration Programme: International Labour Organization, 3740. https://library.fes.de/pdf-files/gurn/00072.pdfGoogle Scholar
Chang, D. F., Hung, T., Ng, N., et al. (2016). Taoist cognitive therapy: Treatment of generalized anxiety disorder in a Chinese immigrant woman. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 7(3), 205216. doi.org/10.1037/aap0000052CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chávez, K. R. (2011). Identifying the needs of LGBTQ immigrants and refugees in Southern Arizona. Journal of Homosexuality, 58(2), 189218. doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2011.540175CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chen, J., Gee, G. C., Spencer, M. S., Danziger, S. H., & Takeuchi, D. T. (2009). Perceived social standing among Asian immigrants in the US: Do reasons for immigration matter? Social Science Research, 38(4), 858869. doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2009.06.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chindarkar, N. (2012). Gender and climate change-induced migration: Proposing a framework for analysis. Environmental Research Letters, 7(2), 025601. doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/7/2/025601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clauss-Ehlers, C., Chiriboga, D., Hunter, S. J., Roysircar-Sodowsky, G., & Tummala-Narra, P. (2019). APA Multicultural Guidelines executive summary: Ecological approach to context, identity, and intersectionality. American Psychologist, 74(2), 232244. doi.org/10.1037/amp0000382CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Collier, A. F., Munger, M., & Moua, Y. K. (2012). Hmong mental health needs assessment: A community-based partnership in a small mid-western community. American Journal of Community Psychology, 49(1–2), 7386. doi.org/10.1007/s10464-011-9436-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Comas-Díaz, L. (2012). Multicultural care: A clinician’s guide to cultural competence. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cortes, P. (2015). The feminization of international migration and its effects on the children left behind: Evidence from the Philippines. World Development, 65, 6278. doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.10.021CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crane, L. S. (2013). Multiracial daughters of Asian immigrants: Identity and agency. Women & Therapy, 36(3–4), 268285. doi.org/10.1080/02703149.2013.797776CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cuban, S. (2018). “Any sacrifice is worthwhile doing”: Latina au pairs migrating to the United States for opportunities. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 16(3), 235254. doi.org/10.1080/15562948.2016.1263775CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Da Silva, N., Dillon, F. R., Verdejo, T. R., Sanchez, M., & De La Rosa, M. (2017). Acculturative stress, psychological distress, and religious coping among Latina young adult immigrants. The Counseling Psychologist, 45(2), 213236. doi.org/10.1177%2F0011000017692111CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dlamini, N., Anucha, U., & Wolfe, B. (2012). Negotiated positions: Immigrant women’s views and experiences of employment in Canada. Affilia, 27(4), 420434. doi.org/10.1177/0886109912464479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Donato, K. M., Alexander, J. T., Gabaccia, D. R., & Leinonen, J. (2011). Variations in the gender composition of immigrant populations: How they matter. International Migration Review, 45(3), 495526. doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.1747-7379.2011.00856.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Donnelly, T. T., Hwang, J. J., Este, D., et al. (2011). If I was going to kill myself, I wouldn’t be calling you. I am asking for help: Challenges influencing immigrant and refugee women’s mental health. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 32(5), 279290. doi.org/10.3109/01612840.2010.550383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dreby, J. (2007). Children and power in Mexican transnational families. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69(4), 10501064. doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2007.00430.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dreby, J. (2015). US immigration policy and family separation: The consequences for children’s well-being. Social Science & Medicine, 132, 245251. doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.08.041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dunn, M. G., & O’Brien, K. M. (2009). Psychological health and meaning in life: Stress, social support, and religious coping in Latina/Latino immigrants. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 31(2), 204227. doi.org/10.1177/0739986309334799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Essed, P. (1991). Understanding everyday racism. Newbury Park, CA: SAGE Publications.Google Scholar
Fang, L., & Schinke, S. P. (2013). Two-year outcomes of a randomized, family-based substance use prevention trial for Asian American adolescent girls. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 27(3), 788798. doi.org/10.1037/a0030925CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
García, S. J. (2018). Living a deportation threat: Anticipatory stressors confronted by undocumented Mexican immigrant women. Race and Social Problems, 10(3), 221234. doi.org/10.1007/s12552-018-9244-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
García Coll, C., & Marks, A. K. (2009). Immigrant stories: Ethnicity and academics in middle childhood. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Garcini, L. M., Galvin, T., Pena, J. M., et al. (2019). “A high price paid”: Migration-related loss and distress among undocumented Mexican immigrants. Journal of Latinx Psychology, 7(3), 245255. doi.org/10.1037/lat0000127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gindling, T. H., & Poggio, S. (2009). Family separation and the educational success of immigrant children [Policy Brief]. Baltimore: University of Maryland.Google Scholar
Goodkind, J. R., Gonzales, M., Malcoe, L. H., & Espinosa, J. (2008). The Hispanic Women’s Social Stressor Scale: Understanding the multiple social stressors of US-and Mexico-born Hispanic women. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 30(2), 200229. doi.org/10.1177/0739986308316178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goodman, R. D., Vesely, C. K., Letiecq, B., & Cleaveland, C. L. (2017). Trauma and resilience among refugee and undocumented immigrant women. Journal of Counseling & Development, 95(3), 309321. doi.org/10.1002/jcad.12145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harvey, M. R. (2007). Towards an ecological understanding of resilience in trauma survivors. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 14(1–2), 932. doi.org/10.1300/J146v14n01_02CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hays, P. A. (2016). Addressing cultural complexities in practice: Assessment, diagnosis, and therapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hughes, R. B., Lund, E. M., Gabrielli, J., Powers, L. E., & Curry, M. A. (2011). Prevalence of interpersonal violence against community-living adults with disabilities: A literature review. Rehabilitation Psychology, 56(4), 302319. doi.org/10.1037/a0025620CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Inman, A. G. (2006). South Asian women: Identities and conflicts. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 12(2), 306319. doi.org/10.1037/1099-9809.12.2.306CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Internal Displacement Monitoring Center. (2018). Global report on internal displacement 2018. www.internal-displacement.org/publications/2018-global-report-on-internal-displacementGoogle Scholar
International Organization for Migration. (2019). Who is a migrant? www.iom.int/who-is-a-migrantGoogle Scholar
Jargowsky, P. A. (2009). Immigrants and neighbourhoods of concentrated poverty: Assimilation or stagnation? Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 35(7), 11291151. doi.org/10.1080/13691830903006150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jiménez, H. (2010). Unidos Por La Justicia and Mujeres Fuertes: Grassroots groups shaping Mexican immigrant women’s activism in San José, California. Latino Studies, 8(4), 442462. doi.org/10.1057/lst.2010.46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaltman, S., Hurtado de Mendoza, A., Gonzales, F. A., Serrano, A., & Guarnaccia, P. J. (2011). Contextualizing the trauma experience of women immigrants from Central America, South America, and Mexico. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24(6), 635642. doi.org/10.1002/jts.20698CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kiliç, C., Aydin, İ., Taşkıntuna, N., et al. (2006). Predictors of psychological distress in survivors of the 1999 earthquakes in Turkey: Effects of relocation after the disaster. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 114(3), 194202. doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.2006.00786.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kim, T., Draucker, C. B., Bradway, C., Grisso, J. A., & Sommers, M. S. (2017). Somos Hermanas Del Mismo Dolor (We are sisters of the same pain): Intimate partner sexual violence narratives among Mexican immigrant women in the United States. Violence against Women, 23(5), 623642. doi.org/10.1177/1077801216646224CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lau, A. S., Fung, J. J., & Yung, V. (2010). Group parent training with immigrant Chinese families: Enhancing engagement and augmenting skills training. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 66(8), 115. doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20711CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Logan, T. K., Walker, R., & Hunt, G. (2009). Understanding human trafficking in the United States. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 10(1), 330. doi.org/10.1177/1524838008327262CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lozano-Gracia, N., Piras, G., Ibáñez, A. M., & Hewings, G. J. (2010). The journey to safety: Conflict-driven migration flows in Colombia. International Regional Science Review, 33(2), 157180. doi.org/10.1177/0160017609336998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lui, P. P. (2015). Intergenerational cultural conflict, mental health, and educational outcomes among Asian and Latino/a Americans: Qualitative and meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 141(2), 404446. doi.org/10.1037/a0038449CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
MacDonnell, J. A., Dastjerdi, M., Khanlou, N., Bokore, N., & Tharao, W. (2017). Activism as a feature of mental health and wellbeing for racialized immigrant women in a Canadian context. Health Care for Women International, 38(2), 187204. doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2016.1254632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marrs Fuchsel, C. L. (2012). The Catholic Church as a support for immigrant Mexican women living with domestic violence. Social Work and Christianity, 39(1), 6687.Google Scholar
Marrs Fuchsel, C. L. (2014). Exploratory evaluation of Sí, Yo Puedo: A culturally competent empowerment program for immigrant Latina women in group settings. Social Work with Groups, 37(4), 279296. doi.org/10.1080/01609513.2014.895921CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marrs Fuchsel, C. L., & Hysjulien, B. (2013). Exploring a domestic violence intervention curriculum for immigrant Mexican women in a group setting: A pilot study. Social Work with Groups, 36(4), 304320. doi.org/10.1080/01609513.2013.767130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mejía, A., Pizurki, H., & Royston, E. (1979). Physician and nurse migration: Analysis and policy implications [Report on a WHO study]. https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/37260/9241560592.pdfGoogle Scholar
Molina, O., Lawrence, S. A., Azhar-Miller, A., & Rivera, M. (2009). Divorcing abused Latina immigrant women’s experiences with domestic violence support groups. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 50(7), 459471. doi.org/10.1080/10502550902970561CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moran-Taylor, M. J. (2008). When mothers and fathers migrate north: Caretakers, children, and child rearing in Guatemala. Latin American Perspectives, 35(4), 7995. doi.org/10.1177/0094582X08318980CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Muñoz, S. M. (2013). “I just can’t stand being like this anymore”: Dilemmas, stressors, and motivators for undocumented Mexican women in higher education. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 50(3), 233249. doi.org/10.1515/jsarp-2013-0018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Na, S., Ryder, A. G., & Kirmayer, L. J. (2016). Toward a culturally responsive model of mental health literacy: Facilitating help-seeking among East Asian immigrants to North America. American Journal of Community Psychology, 58(1–2), 211225. doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
National Institute of Justice. (2019). Human trafficking. www.nij.gov/topics/crime/human-trafficking/pages/welcome.aspxGoogle Scholar
Neufeld, A., Harrison, M. J., Stewart, M. J., Hughes, K. D., & Spitzer, D. (2002). Immigrant women: Making connections to community resources for support in family caregiving. Qualitative Health Research, 12(6), 751768. doi.org/10.1177/10432302012006003CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Neumayer, E., & Plümper, T. (2007). The gendered nature of natural disasters: The impact of catastrophic events on the gender gap in life expectancy, 1981–2002. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 97(3), 551566. doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8306.2007.00563.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nicolas, G., & Smith, L. (2013). Adjusting to life in the United States: Therapy with Haitian immigrant women. Women & Therapy, 36(3–4), 150162. doi.org/10.1080/02703149.2013.797850CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ornelas, I. J., Perreira, K. M., Beeber, L., & Maxwell, L. (2009). Challenges and strategies to maintaining emotional health: Qualitative perspectives of Mexican immigrant mothers. Journal of Family Issues, 30(11), 15561575. doi.org/10.1177/0192513X09336651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Panchanadeswaran, S., & Araújo Dawson, B. A. (2011). How discrimination and stress affects self-esteem among Dominican immigrant women: An exploratory study. Social Work in Public Health, 26(1), 6077. doi.org/10.1080/10911350903341069CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Patel, V. V., Rajpathak, S., & Karasz, A. (2012). Bangladeshi immigrants in New York City: A community based health needs assessment of a hard to reach population. Journal of Immigrant Minority Health, 14(5), 767773. doi.org/10.1007/s10903-011-9555-5CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Purkayastha, B. (2005). Skilled migration and cumulative disadvantage: The case of highly qualified Asian Indian immigrant women in the US. Geoforum, 36(2), 181196. doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2003.11.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Raj, A., & Silverman, J. (2002). Violence against immigrant women: The roles of culture, context, and legal immigrant status on intimate partner violence. Violence Against Women, 8(3), 367398. doi.org/10.1177/10778010222183107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reina, A. S., Lohman, B. J., & Maldonado, M. M. (2014). “He said they’d deport me”: Factors influencing domestic violence help-seeking practices among Latina immigrants. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29(4), 593615. doi.org/10.1177/0886260513505214CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Reuveny, R. (2007). Climate change-induced migration and violent conflict. Political Geography, 26(6), 656673. doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2007.05.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robertson, H. A., Nagaraj, N. C., & Vyas, A. N. (2016). Family violence and child sexual abuse among South Asians in the US. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 18(4), 921927. doi.org/10.1007/s10903-015-0227-8CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sabri, B., Simonet, M., & Campbell, J. C. (2018). Risk and protective factors of intimate partner violence among South Asian immigrant women and perceived need for services. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 24(3), 442452. doi.org/10.1037/cdp0000189CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schauer, E. J., & Wheaton, E. M. (2006). Sex trafficking into the United States: A literature review. Criminal Justice Review, 31(2), 146169. doi.org/10.1177/0734016806290136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Simmons, W. P., Menjívar, C., & Téllez, M. (2015). Violence and vulnerability of female migrants in drop houses in Arizona: The predictable outcome of a chain reaction of violence. Violence against Women, 21(5), 551570. doi.org/10.1177/1077801215573331CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sin, M. K. (2015). A qualitative analysis of stress and coping in Korean immigrant women in middle-age and older-adulthood. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 36(1), 5259. doi.org/10.3109/01612840.2014.942447CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sirin, S. R., & Fine, M. (2008). Muslim American youth: Understanding hyphenated identities through multiple methods. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
Smart, R., & Tsong, Y. (2014). Weight, body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating: Asian American women’s perspectives. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 5(4), 344352. doi.org/10.1037/a0035599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Suárez-Orozco, C., & Qin, D. B. (2006). Gendered perspectives in psychology: Immigrant origin youth. International Migration Review, 40(1), 165198. doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-7379.2006.00007.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Suárez‐Orozco, C., Todorova, I. L., & Louie, J. (2002). Making up for lost time: The experience of separation and reunification among immigrant families. Family Process, 41(4), 625643. doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.2002.00625.xCrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sue, D. W., Capodilupo, C. M., Torino, G. C., et al. (2007). Racial microaggressions in everyday life: Implications for clinical practice. American Psychologist, 62(4), 271286. doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.62.4.271CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sue, S., Cheng, J. K. Y., Saad, C. H., & Chu, J. P. (2012). Asian American mental health: A call to action. American Psychologist, 67(7), 532544. doi.org/10.1037/a0028900CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Taylor, P., Lopez, M. H., Passel, J. S., & Motel, S. (2011). Unauthorized immigrants: Length of residency, patterns of parenthood. Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center.Google Scholar
Tummala-Narra, P. (2016). Psychoanalytic theory and cultural competence in psychotherapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tummala-Narra, P., Alegria, M., & Chen, C. (2012). Perceived discrimination, acculturative stress, and depression among South Asians: Mixed findings. Asian American Journal of Psychology, Special Issue: Secondary analysis of the National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS) Dataset – Part I, 3(1), 316. doi.org/10.1037/a0024661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tummala-Narra, P., Gordon, J., Gonzalez, L. D., et al. (2019). Breaking the silence: Perspectives on sexual violence among Indian American women. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 10(4), 293306. doi.org/10.1037/aap0000159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tummala-Narra, P., & Sathasivam-Rueckert, N. (2016). The experience of ethnic and racial group membership among immigrant-origin adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Research, 31(3), 299342. doi.org/10.1177/0743558415592178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
United Nations. (2005). 2004 world study on the role of women in development: Women and international migration. New York: UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs.Google Scholar
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. (2017). Trends in international migrant stock: The 2017 revision [Data file]. www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/data/estimates2/estimates17.aspGoogle Scholar
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (2018). Global trends: Forced displacement in 2017. www.unhcr.org/5b27be547.pdfGoogle Scholar
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. (2019). Venezuela situation. www.unhcr.org/en-us/venezuela-emergency.htmlGoogle Scholar
Xiang, H., Shi, J., Wheeler, K., & Wilkins, J. R. (2010). Disability and employment among U.S. working-age immigrants. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 53, 425434. doi.org/10.1002/ajim.20802CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Yoshikawa, H. (2011). Immigrants raising citizens: Undocumented parents and their children. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×