Published online by Cambridge University Press: 16 December 2021
Approximately half of migrants worldwide are women and girls. Women’s experiences of migration are shaped by contextual factors, such as employment, financial resources, family structure and dynamics, sociopolitical climate, abuse and violence, and documentation status. Further, women’s responses to adapting to a new sociocultural environment often necessitates shifts in roles and positions within family and broader society. Guided by an ecological framework, this chapter provides an overview of salient factors that impact migrant women’s experiences of stress and resilience. We emphasize the dynamic interaction of multiple layers of context and development, including the influence of sociopolitical climate on mental health and access to resources (APA, 2012; Clauss-Ehlers et al., 2019). While recognizing that women have unique experiences of migration across different regions of the world, in this chapter we focus specifically on experiences of immigrant women in the USA, and provide a case illustration of how immigrant women may experience risk and protective factors.