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1 - Animal Communication Overview

from Part I - Communication and Language

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 July 2021

Allison B. Kaufman
Affiliation:
University of Connecticut
Josep Call
Affiliation:
University of St Andrews, Scotland
James C. Kaufman
Affiliation:
University of Connecticut
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Summary

This chapter provides a broad overview of terminology and concepts in the study of animal communication. First, we focus on the evolutionary origins or phylogenetic causes of communicative signals. We address how communication systems can arise under several circumstances by increasing the reproductive success of both senders and receivers of signals. We summarize terminology describing what is communicated (self-reporting and other-reporting), how it is communicated (different modalities) and to whom it is communicated (conspecifics, heterospecifics). We further discuss how signal design is influenced by the risk of deception. The debate between the information and manipulation perspective of animal communication is briefly outlined. The second part of the chapter focuses on proximate aspects of animal communication. We describe signal acquisition in animals through ultimate mechanisms (biological inheritance, phylogenetic ritualization) and proximate mechanisms (ontogenetic ritualization, cultural learning) with a particular focus on learning. We further discuss signal selection, i.e., to what degree some animals have flexible control over signals and how they adjust them according to the recipient. Last, we discuss new directions and open questions in the study of animal communication, i.e., considerations of compositionality and multimodality, turn-taking, repertoire acquisition and development, flexibility and memory, and the problem of using a one-size-fits-all approach for understanding animal communication systems.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

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