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Chapter 1 - From Core Emotional Needs to Schemas, Coping Styles, and Schema Modes

The Conceptual Model of Schema Therapy

from Part I - Overview of the Schema Therapy Model

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 July 2023

Robert N. Brockman
Affiliation:
Australian Catholic University
Susan Simpson
Affiliation:
NHS Forth Valley and University of South Australia
Christopher Hayes
Affiliation:
Schema Therapy Institute Australia
Remco van der Wijngaart
Affiliation:
International Society of Schema Therapy
Matthew Smout
Affiliation:
University of South Australia
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Summary

Schema therapy could have very easily been named as ‘needs therapy’, so central is the concept of core emotional needs to the practice of modern schema therapy. Borrowing from the basic needs concept and theories of attachment that had been well developed in the developmental psychology literature, Young described the following core domains as pivotal to understanding problems that emerge in the developmental period: (1) Secure attachments to others (includes safety, stability, nurturance, and acceptance); (2) Autonomy, competence, and sense of identity; (3) Freedom to express valid needs and emotions; (4) Spontaneity and play; (5) Realistic limits and self-control. Need satisfaction during childhood leads to the development of healthy schemas and related functional affective and behavioural patterns, while early need frustration leads directly to the development of early maladaptive schemas (EMS) and related negative patterns of behaviour and maladaptive coping styles. This chapter describes the central theories and concepts which underpin schema therapy practice including the original set of eighteen schemas, as well as schema modes and the schema mode model.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2023

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