Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-75dct Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-25T14:59:54.024Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

1 - Ideology and the Contours of Economic Change

from Part I - 1800–1950

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 February 2022

Debin Ma
Affiliation:
Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo
Richard von Glahn
Affiliation:
University of California, Los Angeles
Get access

Summary

When visited by the British trade mission led by Lord George Macartney, who aimed to show off the best of Western trade and technology, the Qianlong Emperor of Qing China was known to have famously replied in 1792, “Our Celestial Empire possesses all things in prolific abundance and lacks no product within its borders. There is therefore no need to import the manufactures of outside barbarians in exchange for our own produce.” Qianlong’s statement came at the height of Qing’s glory, overseeing a remarkable tripling of population and a doubling of territory between the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries. No single political entity at the time achieved such size in both geography and population under such stability and durability.

Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Further Reading

Brandt, L., D. Ma, and T. Rawski, “From Divergence to Convergence: Re-evaluating the History behind China’s Economic Boom,” Journal of Economic Literature 52.1 (2014), 45123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cohen, P., Discovering History in China: American Historical Writing on the Recent Chinese Past (New York, Columbia University Press, 1984).Google Scholar
Fukao, K., Ma, D., and Yuan, T., “Real GDP in Pre-war East Asia: A 1934–36 Benchmark Purchasing Power Parity Comparison with the U.S.,” Review of Income and Wealth 53.3 (2007), 503–37.Google Scholar
Zhaoguang, Ge 葛兆光中国思想史第二卷七世纪至十九世纪中国的知识,思想与信仰 (History of Chinese Thought, Vol. 3, Chinese Knowledge, Thought, and Beliefs between the Seventh and Nineteenth Centuries) (Shanghai, Fudan daxue chubanshe, 2001).Google Scholar
Zhaoguang, Ge “葛兆光十八世纪中国的盛世危机” (Crisis in China’s Glorious Eighteenth Century), Feb. 19, 2019, www.ftchinese.com/author/%E8%91%9B%E5%85%86%E5%85%89.Google Scholar
Guantao, Jin 金观涛, and Qingfeng, Liu 刘青峰, 兴盛与危机,论中国社会的超稳定结构 (The Cycle of Growth and Decline: On the Ultrastable Structure of Chinese Society) (Beijing, Falu chubanshe, 2011).Google Scholar
Guantao, Jin 金观涛 and Qingfeng, Liu 刘青峰, 开放中的变迁,再论中国社会超稳定结构 (The Transformation of Chinese Society (1840–1956): The Fate of Its Ultrastable Structure in Modern Times) (Beijing, Falu chubanshe, 2011).Google Scholar
Liang, Qichao 梁启超, “梁启超五十年中国进化概论” (A Summary of Fifty Years of Chinese Evolution), in 饮冰室文集点校第五集 (Selected Articles of the Yinbinshe Collection, Vol. 5) (Kunming, Yunnan Jiaoyu chubanshe, 1923), pp. 3247–52.Google Scholar
Ma, D., “Economic Growth in the Lower Yangzi Region of China in 1911–1937: A Quantitative and Historical Perspective,” Journal of Economic History, 68.2 (2008), 385–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ma, D., “The Rise of a Financial Revolution in Republican China in 1900–1937: A Survey and New Interpretation,” Australian Economic History Review 59.3 (2019), 242–62.Google Scholar
Ma, D., and Rubin, J., “The Paradox of Power: Principal–Agent Problems and Administrative Capacity in Imperial China (and Other Absolutist Regimes),” Journal of Comparative Economics 47.2 (2019), 277–94.Google Scholar
Maddison, A., Chinese Economic Performance in the Long Run, 2nd ed., rev. and updated (Paris, Development Centre of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2007).Google Scholar
Mokyr, J., The Gifts of Athena: Historical Origins of the Knowledge Economy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002).Google Scholar
Motono, E., Conflict and Cooperation in Sino-British Business, 1860–1911: The Impact of the Pro-British Commercial Network in Shanghai (New York, St. Martin’s Press, 2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rawski, T.G., Economic Growth in Prewar China (Berkeley, University of California Press, 1989).Google Scholar
Xu, Dixin 许涤新 and Wu, Chengming 吴承明,中国资本主义发展史, 第一卷 中国资本主义的萌芽 (A History of Capitalist Development in China, Vol. 1, Sprouts of Chinese Capitalism) (Beijing, Renmin chubanshe, 1993).Google Scholar
Fansen, Wang 王汎森, “戊戌前后思想资源的变化以日本因素为例” (Changes in Intellectual Resources before and after the Hundred Days Reform), 二十一世纪 (Twenty-First Century) 45 (February 1998), 47–54.Google Scholar
Fansen, Wang 王汎森, 权力的毛细血管作用,清代的思想、学术与心态 (The Penetrating Role of Power, Ideas, Academics, and Moods in Qing) (Beijing, Beijing daxue chubanshe, 2015).Google Scholar
Shaodang, Yan 严绍璗, 日本中国学史 (Sinology in Japan) (Beijing, Xueshu chubanshe, 2009).Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×