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2 - Hegemony in Egypt

Revisiting Gamal Abdel Nasser

from Part I - Anticolonialism and Its Discontents

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 April 2020

Sara Salem
Affiliation:
London School of Economics and Political Science
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Summary

The second chapter revisits Gamal Abdel Nasser and the 1952 revolution. Focusing on the emergence of Nasserism, I argue that it represents the first and last hegemonic project in modern Egypt. Nasserism can be understood as a collective will that was produced in a particular historical moment – one that was formed against the dangers of imperialism and the hopes of a postcolonial project. Nasserism was also, however, an articulation of an elitist state-led project of decolonization that centred the military, the state, and capitalism, leaving powerful legacies that would haunt Egypt’s future. Exploring these contradictions, the chapter charts a history of Nasserism through Fanon and Gramsci, thinking through anticolonial nationalism, state-led capitalism, third wordlism, the colonial international, and hegemony. I argue that the creation and then decline of Nasserism as a hegemonic project is central to understanding contemporary Egyptian politics. The chapter looks specifically at the anticolonial movements predating 1952; the creation of the Free Officers and new historical bloc; the creation of consent in civil society; and some of the paradigmatic events of anticolonialism in Egypt, such as the nationalisation of the Suez Canal.

Type
Chapter
Information
Anticolonial Afterlives in Egypt
The Politics of Hegemony
, pp. 80 - 156
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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  • Hegemony in Egypt
  • Sara Salem, London School of Economics and Political Science
  • Book: Anticolonial Afterlives in Egypt
  • Online publication: 10 April 2020
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108868969.003
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  • Hegemony in Egypt
  • Sara Salem, London School of Economics and Political Science
  • Book: Anticolonial Afterlives in Egypt
  • Online publication: 10 April 2020
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108868969.003
Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Hegemony in Egypt
  • Sara Salem, London School of Economics and Political Science
  • Book: Anticolonial Afterlives in Egypt
  • Online publication: 10 April 2020
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108868969.003
Available formats
×