Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-5d59c44645-dknvm Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-03-01T16:31:57.620Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false


Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 November 2023

Peter Dixon
University of Alberta
Marisa Bortolussi
University of Alberta
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
The Analogical Reader
A Cognitive Approach to Literary Perspective Taking
, pp. 217 - 249
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2023

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Abacioglu, C. S., Volman, M., & Fischer, A. H. (2020). Teachers’ multicultural attitudes and perspective taking abilities as factors in culturally responsive teaching. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(3), 736752.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ackermann, E. (1996). Perspective-taking and object construction: Two keys to learning. In Kafai, Y.B. & Resnick, M. (Eds.), Constructionism in practice (pp. 2537). Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Adams, D. (1995). The hitch hiker’s guide to the galaxy omnibus. Random House.Google Scholar
Akaike, H. (1973). Information theory and an extension of the maximum likelihood principle. In Petrov, B. N. & Csaki, F. (Eds.), Second international symposium on information theory (pp. 267281). Académiai Kiadó.Google Scholar
Alba, J. W., & Hasher, L. (1983). Is memory schematic? Psychological Bulletin, 93(2), 203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alber, J., Jumpertz, J., & Mayer, A. (2020). How professional readers process unnatural narratives. Scientific Studies of Literature, 10(2), 193213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alexander, P. A., Dumas, D., Grossnickle, E. M., List, A., & Firetto, C. M. (2016). Measuring relational reasoning. The Journal of Experimental Education, 84(1), 119151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anderson, J. R., & Milson, R. (1989). Human memory: An adaptive perspective. Psychological Review, 96(4), 703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Angelotti, M., Behnke, R. R., & Carlile, L. W. (1975). Heart rate: A measure of reading involvement. Research in the Teaching of English, 9(2), 192199.Google Scholar
Anonymous. (n.d.). “Black Beauty.” Novels for students. Scholar
Anonymous. (1994). The epic of Gilgamesh. In Caws, M. A. & Prendergast, C. (Eds.), World reader (pp. 97140). Harper Collins. (Original work published circa 1200 bce.)Google Scholar
Anonymous. (2006). Beowulf (S. Heaney, trans.). In Lawall, S. (Ed.), The Norton anthology of Western literature (pp. 11741247). W. W. Norton. (Original work published circa 850 bce.)Google Scholar
Appel, M., & Richter, T. (2007). Persuasive effects of fictional narratives increase over time. Media Psychology, 10(1), 113134.Google Scholar
Appel, M., & Richter, T. (2010). Transportation and need for affect in narrative persuasion: A mediated moderation model. Media Psychology, 13(2), 101135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Apperly, I. A. (2012). What is “theory of mind”? Concepts, cognitive processes and individual differences. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65(5), 825839. Scholar
Apperly, I. A., Samson, D., & Hunphreys, G. W. (2009). Studies of adults can inform accounts of theory of mind development. Developmental Psychology, 45(1), 190201.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Aristotle, . (2013). Poetics (A. Kenny, trans.). Oxford University Press. (Original work published circa 335 bce.)Google Scholar
Asturias, M. A. (1997). The legend of el cadejo (H. St. Martin, trans.). In González Echevarría, R. (Ed.), The Oxford book of Latin American short stories (pp. 243246). Oxford University Press. (Original work published in 1930.)Google Scholar
Atwood, M. (2010). Oryx and Crake. Vintage Canada.Google Scholar
Aujla, H., Crump, M. J. C., Cook, M. T., & Jamieson, R. K. (2019). The semantic librarian: A search engine built from vector-space models of semantics. Behavior Research Methods, 51, 24052418.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Axelrad, E. (1993). Repeated recall as a measure of subjective response to literature. Unpublished Master’s thesis, University of Toronto.Google Scholar
Baddeley, A. (2000). The episodic buffer: A new component of working memory? Trends in Cognitive Science, 4(11), 417423.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bailey, K., & Im-Bolter, N. (2020). My way or your way? Perspective taking during social problem solving. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 66, 19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baker, C., Saxe, R., & Tenenbaum, J. (2011). Bayesian theory of mind: Modeling joint belief-desire attribution. Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society, 33.Google Scholar
Bal, M. (1983). The narrating and the focalizing: A theory of the agents in narrative. Style, 17(2), 234269.Google Scholar
Bal, P. M., & Veltkamp, M. (2013). How does fiction reading influence empathy? An experimental investigation on the role of emotional transportation. PLOS ONE, 8(1), e55341. ScholarPubMed
Bálint, K., & Tan, E. S. (2019). Absorbed character engagement: From social cognition responses to the experience with fictional constructions. In Taylor, A. & Riis, J. (Eds.), Screening characters (pp. 209229). Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ballatore, A., & Natale, S. (2016). E-readers and the death of the book: Or, new media and the myth of the disappearing medium. New Media & Society, 18(10), 23792394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barceló, E. (2021). El eco de la piel (The echo of the skin). Roco Bolsillo. (Original work published in 1989.)Google Scholar
Barlassina, L., & Gordon, R. M. (2017). Folk psychology as mental simulation. In Zalta, E. N. (Ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University.Google Scholar
Barnes, J. L. (2018). Imaginary engagement, real-world effects: Fiction, emotion, and social cognition. Review of General Psychology, 22(2), 125134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnes-Holmes, Y., McHugh, L., & Barnes-Holmes, D. (2004). Perspective-taking and theory of mind: A relational frame account. The Behavior Analyst Today, 5(1), 1525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baron-Cohen, S., Leslie, A. M., & Frith, U. (1985). Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind”? Cognition, 21(1), 3746.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Hill, J., Raste, Y., & Plumb, I. (2001). The “reading the mind in the eyes” test revised version: A study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 42(2), 241251.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barsalou, L. W. (1983). Ad hoc categories. Memory & Cognition, 11(3), 211227.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barsalou, L. W. (2008). Grounded cognition. Annual Review of Psychology, 59, 617645. ScholarPubMed
Bartlett, F. C. (1932). Remembering: A study in experimental and social psychology. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Bates, D., Maechler, M., Bolker, B., & Walker, S. (2015). Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4. Journal of Statistical Software, 67(1), 148. Scholar
Batson, C. D. (1991). The altruism question: Toward a social-psychological answer. Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Batson, C. D. (1995). Immorality from empathy-induced altruism: When compassion and justice conflict. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(6), 10421054.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Batson, C.D., Early, S., & Salvarani, G. (1997). Perspective taking: Imagining how another feels versus imagining how you would feel. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 751758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Batson, C. D., Chang, J., Orr, R., & Rowland, J. (2002). Empathy, attitudes and action: Can feeling for a member of a stigmatized group motivate one to help the group? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 16561666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Batson, C. D., Lishner, D. A., Cook, J., & Sawyer, S. (2005). Attitudes and attraction: A new test of the attraction, repulsion, and similarity-dissimilarity asymmetry hypotheses. British Journal of Social Psychology, 27, 1525.Google Scholar
Batson, C. D., Batson, J. G., Griffitt, C. A., Barrientos, S., Brandt, J. R., Sprengelmeyer, P., & Bayly, M. J. (1989). Negative-state relief and the empathy-altruism hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56(6), 922933.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bavidge, M., & Ground, I. (2009). Do animals need a theory of mind? In Leudar, I. & Costall, A. (Eds.), Against theory of mind (pp. 167188). Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Benjamin, W. (2019). The storyteller essays: The crisis of the novel (L. Tess, trans.). New York Review of Books. (Original work published in 1930.)Google Scholar
Bennett, W. J. (1993). The book of virtues: A treasury of great moral stories. Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
Berns, G. S., Blaine, K., Prietula, M. J., & Pye, B. E. (2013). Short- and long-term effects of a novel on connectivity in the brain. Brain Connect, 3(6), 590600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berscheid, E., & Walster, E. H. (1969). Interpersonal attraction. Addison Wesley.Google Scholar
Besner, D. (1987). Phonology, lexical access in reading, and articulatory suppression: A critical review. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 39(3), 467478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beyard-Tyler, K. C., & Sullivan, H. J. (1980). Adolescent reading preferences for type of theme and sex of character. Reading Research Quarterly, 16(1), 104120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Black, J. B., Turner, T. J., & Bower, G. H. (1979). Point of view in narrative comprehension, memory, and production. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 18(2), 187198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Black, J. E. (2019). An IRT analysis of the reading the mind in the eyes test. Journal of Personality Assessment, 101(4), 425433.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Black, J. E., & Barnes, J. L. (2015). The effects of reading material on social and non-social cognition. Poetics, 52, 3243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Black, J. E., Barnes, J. L., Oately, K., Tamir, D. I., Dodell-Feder, D., Richter, T., & Mar, R. A. (2021). Stories and their role in social cognition. In Kuiken, D. & Jacobs, A. M. (Eds.), Handbook of empirical literary studies (pp. 229250). De Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bluck, S., & Habermas, T. (2000). The life story schema. Motivation and Emotion, 24(2), 121147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boccacio, G. (1972). The Decameron (G. H. McWilliam, trans.). Penguin Books. (Original work published in 1353.)Google Scholar
Bonowitz, E. B., van Schijndel, T. J. P., Friel, D., & Schultz, L. (2012). Children balance theories and evidence in exploration, explanation, and learning. Cognitive Psychology, 64, 215234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Booth, W. (1961). The rhetoric of fiction. University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Boroojerdi, B., Phipps, M., Kopylev, L., Wharton, C. M., Cohen, L. G., & Grafman, J. (2001). Enhancing analogic reasoning with rTMS over the left prefrontal cortex. Neurology, 56(4), 526528.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Borowski, T. (1980). Het record (The record) (L. Stembor, trans.). In Kott, J. & Stembor, L. (Eds.), Hierheen naar de gaskamer, dames en heren (Here to the gas chamber, ladies and gentlemen). De Arbeiderspers.Google Scholar
Bortolussi, M., & Dixon, P. (1996). The effects of formal training on literary reception. Poetics, 23(6), 471487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bortolussi, M., & Dixon, P. (2003). Psychonarratology: Foundations for the empirical study of literary response. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Bortolussi, M., & Dixon, P. (2015). Transport: Challenges to the metaphor. In Zunshine, L. (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of cognitive literary studies (pp. 525540). Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Bortolussi, M., Dixon, P., & Linden, C. (2018). Putting perspective taking in perspective. Review of General Psychology, 22(2), 178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bortolussi, M., Dixon, P., & Sopčák, P. (2010). Gender and reading. Poetics, 38(3), 299318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Botterill, G. (1996). Folk psychology and theoretical status. In Carruthers, P. & Smith, P. K. (Eds.), Theories of theories of mind (pp. 105118). Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bower, G. H. (1981). Mood and memory. American Psychologist, 36(2), 129148.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bower, G. H. (1992). How might emotions affect learning? In Christiansen, S.-Å. (Ed.), The handbook of emotion and memory: Research and theory (pp. 331). Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Bower, G. H., & Gilligan, S. G. (1979). Remembering information related to one’s self. Journal of Research in Personality, 13(4), 420432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brewer, M. B. (1988). A dual process model of impression formation. In Srull, T. K & Wyer, R. S. (Eds.), Advances in social cognition, volume I (pp. 136). Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Brown, N. R., & Shi, L. (November 2019). Me, you, and Harry Potter: On the organization and retrieval of personal-event memories, vicarious-event memories, and fictional-event memories. Presentation at the meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Montréal, Canada.Google Scholar
Brunyé, T. T., Ditman, T., Mahoney, C. R., Augustyn, J. S., & Taylor, H. A. (2009). When you and I share perspectives: Pronouns modulate perspective taking during narrative comprehension. Psychological Science, 20(1), 2732.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Buccino, G., Lui, F., Canessa, N., Patteri, I., Lagravinese, G., Benuzzi, F.Rizzolatti, G. (2004). Neural circuits involved in the recognition of actions performed by nonconspecifics: An fMRI study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16(1), 114126.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Buck, R. (1984). The communication of emotion. Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Buckner, R. L., & Carroll, D. C. (2007). Self-projection and the brain. Trends in Cognitive Science, 11(2), 4957. ScholarPubMed
Buckner, R. L., Andrew-Hann, J. R., & Schacter, D. L. (2008). The brain’s default network. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1124, 138.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Burke, M. (2006). Emotion: Stylistic approaches. In Brown, K. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of language and linguistics (pp. 127129). Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burke, M. (2011). Literary reading, cognition and emotion: An exploration of the oceanic mind. Routledge.Google Scholar
Busselle, R., & Bilandzic, H. (2008). Fictionality and perceived realism in experiencing stories: A model of narrative comprehension and engagement. Communication Theory, 18(2), 255280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Busselle, R., & Bilandzic, H. (2009). Measuring narrative engagement. Media Psychology, 12(4), 321347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Byrne, D. (1971). The attraction paradigm. Academic Press.Google Scholar
Cakal, H., Halabi, S., Cazan, A.-M., & Eller, A. (2021). Intergroup contact and endorsement of social change motivations: The mediating role of intergroup trust, perspective-taking, and intergroup anxiety among three advantaged groups in Northern Cyprus, Romania, and Israel. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 24(1), 4867.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Calarco, N., Fong, K., Rain, M., & Mar, R. A. (2017). Absorption in narrative fiction and its possible impact on social abilities. In Hakemulder, F., Kuijpers, M. M., Tan, E. S., Bálint, K., & Doicaru, M. M. (Eds.), Narrative absorption (pp. 293313). John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Camerer, C. F., Loewenstein, G., & Weber, M. (1989). The curse of knowledge in economic settings: An experimental analysis. Journal of Political Economy, 97, 12321254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Capote, T. (2013). In cold blood. Random House Digital. (Original work published in 1966.)Google Scholar
Caracciolo, M. (2013). Patterns of cognitive dissonance in readers’ engagement with characters. Enthymema, 8, 2137.Google Scholar
Caracciolo, M. (2014). Beyond other minds: Fictional characters, mental simulation, and “unnatural” experiences. Journal of Narrative Theory, 44(1), 2953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carlson, S. M., & Moses, L. J. (2001). Individual differences in inhibitory control and children’s theory of mind. Child Development, 72(4), 10321053.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Carpendale, J. I., & Chandler, M. J. (1996). On the distinction between false belief understanding and subscribing to an interpretive theory of mind. Child Development, 68, 16861706.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carpenter, J. M., Green, M. C., & Fitzgerald, K. (2018). Mind-reading motivation. Scientific Study of Literature, 8(2), 211238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carroll, N. (2001). Beyond aesthetics: Philosophical essays. Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carroll, N. (2013). The paradox of suspense. In Tan, E. S. & Diteweg, G. (Eds.), Suspense (pp. 81102). Routledge.Google Scholar
Carruthers, P. (1996). Simulation and self-knowledge: A defence of theory-theory. In Carruthers, P. & Smith, P. K. (Eds.), Theories of theories of mind (pp. 2238). Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cervone, D., & Tripathi, R. (2009). The moral functioning of the person as a whole: On moral psychology and personality science. In Narvaez, D. (Ed.), Personality, identity, and character: Explorations in moral psychology (pp. 3051). Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chafe, W. L. (1980). Integration and involvement in speaking, writing, and oral literature. In Tannen, D. (Ed.), Spoken and written language: Exploring orality and literacy (pp. 3554). Ablex.Google Scholar
Chapman, A. (2011). Taking the perspective of the other seriously? Understanding historical argument. Educar em Revista, 42, 95106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chatman, S. (1978). Story and discourse: Narrative structure in fiction and film. Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Chatman, S. (1986). Characters and narrators: Filter, center, slant, and interest-focus. Poetics Today, 7, 189204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cherryh, C. J. (1982). The pride of Chanur. Penguin Books.Google Scholar
Cherryh, C. J. (1984). Forty thousand in Gehenna. DAW Books.Google Scholar
Chiavarino, C., Apperly, I. A., & Humphreys, G. W. (2012). Understanding intentions: Distinct processes for mirroring, representing, and conceptualizing. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21(5), 284289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chlebuch, N., Goldstein, T. R., & Weisberg, D. S. (2020). Fact or fiction? Clarifying the relationship between reading and the improvement of social skills. Scientific Study of Literature, 10(2), 167192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chow, H. M., Mar, R. A., Xu, Y., Liu, S., Wagage, S., & Braun, A. R. (2015). Personal experience with narrated events modulates functional connectivity within visual and motor systems during story comprehension. Human Brain Mapping, 36(4), 14941505.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Christie, A. (1997). The murder of Roger Ackroyd. HarperCollins. (Original work published in 1926.)Google Scholar
Christie, A. (2011). Murder on the Orient Express. Harper. (Original work published in 1934.)Google Scholar
Churchland, P. M. (1991). Folk psychology and the explanation of human behavior. In Greenwood, J. D. (Ed.), The future of folk psychology (pp. 5169). Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Citron, F. M. M., Cacciari, C., Funcke, J. M., Hsu, C.-T., & Jacobs, A. M. (2019). Idiomatic expressions evoke stronger emotional responses in the brain than literal sentences. Neuropsychologia, 131, 233248.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cohen, J. (1999). Favorite characters of teenage viewers of Israeli serials. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 43(3), 327345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cohen, J. (2001). Defining identification: A theoretical look at the identification of audiences with media characters. Mass Communication and Society, 4, 253277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cohen, J. (2006). Audience identification with media characters. In Bryant, J. & Vorderer, P. (Eds.), Psychology of entertainment (pp. 183197). Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Cohn, D. (1978). Transparent minds: Narrative modes for presenting consciousness in fiction. Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Conrad, J. (2006). Heart of darkness. Project Gutenberg. (Original work published in 1899.)Google Scholar
Converse, B. A., Lin, S., Keysar, B., & Epley, N. (2008). Mood to get over yourself: Mood affects theory-of-mind use. Emotion, 8(5), 725730.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Coplan, A. (2004). Empathetic engagement with narrative fictions. The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 62(2), 141152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Creer, S. D., Cook, A. E., & O’Brien, E. J. (2019). Can readers fully adopt the perspective of the protagonist? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 73(5), 112.Google ScholarPubMed
Cupchik, G. C., Oatley, K., & Vorderer, P. (1998). Emotional effects of reading excerpts from short stories by James Joyce. Poetics, 25, 363377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Currie, G. (1995). The moral psychology of fiction. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 73(2), 250259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Currie, G. (2016). Does fiction make us less empathic? Teorema, 35(3), 4768.Google Scholar
Currie, G. (2020). Does reading fiction boost empathy? Psychological approaches. In Scott, M. C. (Ed.), Empathy and the strangeness of fiction (pp. 118). Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
Currie, G., & Ravenscroft, I. (2002). Recreative minds: Imagination in philosophy and psychology. Clarendon.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dalai Lama, H. H., & Cutler, H. C. (1998). The art of happiness. Easton.Google Scholar
Davie, J., & Reinhardt, T. (2007). Seneca: Dialogues and essays (J. Davie, trans.). Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Dávila, A. (2013). Detrás de la rejas (Behind bars). In Sobrejano-Morán (Ed.), Tornasol: Guía para la interpretación de textos literarios y cine (Tornasol: Guide to the interpretation of literary texts and cinema) (pp. 51–62). Panda.Google Scholar
Davis, M. H. (1980). A multidimensional approach to individual differences in empathy. JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 10, 85.Google Scholar
Davis, M. H. (1983a). The effects of dispositional empathy on emotional reactions and helping: A multidimensional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 167184.Google Scholar
Davis, M. H. (1983b). Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44(1), 113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, M. H. (1994). Empathy: A social psychological approach. Brown and Benchmark.Google Scholar
Davis, M. H. (2006). Empathy. In Stets, J. E. & Turner, J. H. (Eds.), Handbook of the sociology of emotion (pp. 443466). Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, M. H., Conklin, L., Smith, A., & Luce, C. (1996). Effect of perspective taking on the cognitive representation of persons: A merging of self and other. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(4), 713726. Scholar
Day, A., Howells, K., Mohr, P., Schall, E., & Gerace, A. (2008). The development of CBT programmes for anger: The role of interventions to promote perspective-taking skills. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
de Graaf, A. (2014). The effectiveness of adaptation of the protagonist in narrative impact: Similarity influences health beliefs through self-referencing. Human Communication Research, 40(1), 7390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
de Graaf, A. (2017). Children adopt the traits of characters in a narrative. Child Development Research, 2017, 116.Google Scholar
de Graaf, A., Hoeken, H., Sanders, J., & Beentjes, H. (2009). The role of dimensions of narrative engagement in narrative persuasion. Communications, 34(4), 385405. Scholar
de Graaf, A., Hoeken, H., Sanders, J., & Beentjes, J. W. J. (2012). Identification as a mechanism of narrative persuasion. Communication Research, 39(6), 802823.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
de Maupassant, G. (1903). In the moonlight. In Maupassant, G. de (Ed.), The complete short stories (pp. 5154). P. F. Collier.Google Scholar
de Mulder, H. N. M., Hakemulder, F., van den Berghe, R., Klaassen, F., & van Berkum, J. J. A. (2017). Effects of exposure to literary narrative fiction: From book smart to street smart. Scientific Study of Literature, 7(1), 129169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
de Waal, F. B. (2008). Putting the altruism back into altruism: The evolution of empathy. Annual Review of Psychology, 59, 279300.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
de Waal, F. (2016). Are we smart enough to know how smart animals are? W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
de Waal, F., Wright, R., Korsgaard, C. M., Kitcher, P., & Singer, P. (2006). Primates and philosophers: How morality evolved. Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Decety, J., & Cowell, J. M. (2014). Friends or foes: Is empathy necessary for moral behavior? Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9, 525537.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Decety, J., & Jackson, P. L. (2006). A social-neuroscience perspective on empathy. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15(2), 5458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Decety, J., & Jackson, P. L. (2004). The functional architecture of human empathy. Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews, 3(2), 71100.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Deighton, L. (1989). Spy hook. Grafton Books.Google Scholar
Dennett, D. C. (1987). The intentional stance. MIT Press.Google Scholar
Dennett, D. C. (1981). Making sense of ourselves. Philosophical Topics, 12(1), 6381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Devine, R. T., & Hughes, C. (2013). Silent films and strange stories: Theory of mind, gender, and social experiences in middle childhood. Child Development, 84(3), 9891003.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dickens, C. (1992). A Christmas carol. Project Gutenberg. (Original work published in 1843.)Google Scholar
Dimberg, U., & Thunberg, M. (1998). Rapid facial reactions to emotional facial expressions. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 39(1), 3945.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dixon, P., & Bortolussi, M. (1996). Literary communication: Effects of reader-narrator cooperation. Poetics, 23(6), 405430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dixon, P., & Bortolussi, M. (2001). Text is not communication: A challenge to a common assumption. Discourse Processes, 31(1), 125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dixon, P., & Bortolussi, M. (2019). Readers’ processing of perceptual perspective and stance. Discourse Processes, 56(7), 513529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dixon, P., Bortolussi, M., & Khangura, M. (2015a). Mind wandering, non-contingent processing, and recall in reading. Discourse Processes, 52(5–6), 517531. Scholar
Dixon, P., Bortolussi, M., & Mullins, B. (2015b). Judging a book by its cover. Scientific Study of Literature, 5(1), 215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dixon, P., Bortolussi, M., & Mullins, B. (July 2011). Effects of extratextual information on the evaluation of novels. Presentation at the meeting of the Society for Text and Discourse, Poitiers, France.Google Scholar
Dixon, P., Saadat, S., & Bortolussi, M. (2020). Reader reactions to psychological perspective: Effects of narratorial stance. Scientific Study of Literature, 10(2), 214227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Djikic, M., Oatley, K., & Moldoveanu, C. (2013). Reading other minds: Effects of literature on empathy. Scientific Study of Literature, 3(1), 2847.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dodell-Feder, D., & Tamir, D. I. (2018). Fiction reading has a small positive impact on social cognition: A meta-analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 147(11), 17131727. Scholar
Dore, R. A., Smith, E. D., & Lillard, A. S. (2017). Children adopt the traits of characters in a narrative. Child Development Research, 2017, 116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dostoyevsky, F. (1996). Notes from underground. Project Gutenberg. (Original work published in 1864.)Google Scholar
Dostoevsky, F. (2012). The eternal husband. Melville House. (Original work published in 1870.)Google Scholar
Dunbar, K. (2001). The analogical paradox: Why analogy is so easy in naturalistic settings, yet so difficult in the psychological laboratory. In Gentner, D., Holyoak, K. J., & Kokinov, B. N. (Eds.), The analogical mind: Perspectives from cognitive science (pp. 313334). MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dunbar, R. I. M. (2006). Brains, cognition and the evolution of culture. In Levinson, S. C. & Jaisson, P. (Eds.), Evolution and culture (pp. 169179). MIT Press.Google Scholar
Dymond, R. F. (1950). Personality and empathy. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 14, 343350.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dziobek, I., Rogers, K., Fleck, S., Bahnemann, M., Heekeren, H. R., Wolf, O. T., & Convit, A. (2008). Dissociation of cognitive and emotional empathy in adults with Asperger syndrome using the multifaceted empathy test (MET). Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 464473.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Eekhof, L. S., van Krieken, K., & Willems, R. M. (2022). Reading about minds: The social‐cognitive potential of narratives. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 29(5), 17031718.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Eekhof, L. S., van Krieken, K., Sanders, J., & Willems, R. M. (2023). Engagement with narrative characters: The role of social-cognitive abilities and linguistic viewpoint. Discourse Processes, Advance online publication. Scholar
Egan, C., Cristino, F., Payne, J. S., Thierry, G., & Jones, M. W. (2020). How alliteration enhances conceptual–attentional interactions in reading. Cortex, 124, 111118.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Eisenberg, N. (1988). Empathy and sympathy: A brief review of the concepts and empirical literature. Anthrozoös: A Multidisciplinary Journal of the Interactions of People and Animals, 2(1), 1517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eisenberg, N., & Strayer, J. (1987). Empathy and its development. In Eisenberg, N. & Strayer, J. (Eds.), Critical issues in the study of empathy. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Eisenberg, N., Murphy, B., & Shepard, S. (1997). The development of empathic accuracy. In Ickes, W. (Ed.), The communication of emotion (pp. 73116). Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Eisenberg, N., Fabes, R. A., Murphy, B., Karbon, M., Maszk, P., Smith, M.Suh, K. (1994). The relations of emotionality and regulation to dispositional and situational empathy-related responding. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66(4), 776.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Eliot, G. (2000). Middlemarch. Random House. (Original work published in 1872.)Google Scholar
Elke, S., & Wiebe, S. A. (2017). Proactive control in early and middle childhood: An ERP study. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 26, 2838.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ellison, K. (2021, January 17). Five things worth knowing about empathy. Washington Post. Scholar
Epley, N., & Caruso, E. M. (2009). Perspective taking: Misstepping into others’ shoes. In Markman, K. D., Klein, W. M. P., & Suhr, J. A. (Eds.), Handbook of imagination and mental simulation (pp. 295309). Psychology Press.Google Scholar
Epley, N., Morewedge, C. K., & Keysar, B. (2004). Perspective taking in children and adults: Equivalent egocentrism but differential correction. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40(6), 760768.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Epley, N., Savitsky, K., & Gilovich, T. (2002). Empathy neglect: Reconciling the spotlight effect and the correspondence bias. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 300312.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Epley, N., Keysar, B., van Boven, L., & Gilovich, T. (2004). Perspective taking as egocentric anchoring and adjustment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87(3), 327339. ScholarPubMed
Escalas, J. E. (2007). Self-referencing and persuasion: Narrative transportation versus analytical elaboration. Journal of Consumer Research, 34(4), 421429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eyal, K., & Rubin, A. M. (2003). Viewer aggression and homophily, identification, and parasocial relationships with television characters. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 47(1), 7798.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eyal, T., & Epley, N. (2010). How to seem telepathic: Enabling mind reading by matching construal. Psychological Science, 2(5), 700705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fadiga, L., Fogassi, L., Pavesi, G., & Rizzolatti, G. (1995). Motor facilitation during action observation: A magnetic stimulation study. Journal of Neurophysiology, 73, 26082611.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Faulkner, W. (1990). As I lay dying. Vintage Books. (Original work published in 1930.)Google Scholar
Fernandes, C., Gonçalves, A. R., Pasion, R., Ferreira-Santos, F., Barbosa, F., Martins, I. P., & Marques-Teixeira, J. (2019). Age-related decline in emotional perspective-taking: Its effect on the late positive potential. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 19(1), 109122.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fiske, S. T. (1993). Social cognition and social perception. Annual Review of Psychology, 44, 155194.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Flaubert, G. (1972). Madame Bovary (L. Bair, trans.). Bantam Books. (Original work published in 1857.)Google Scholar
Fodor, J. A. (1987). Psychosemantics: The problem of meaning in the philosophy of mind. MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fong, K., Mullin, J. B., & Mar, R. A. (2013). What you read matters: The role of fiction genre in predicting interpersonal sensitivity. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 7(4), 370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Forgas, J. P. (1992). Affect in social judgments and decisions: A multiprocess model. In Zanna, M. P. (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (pp. 227275). Academic Press.Google Scholar
Forster, E. M. (1927). Aspects of the novel. Harcourt, Brace.Google Scholar
Fowler, A. (1982). Kinds of literature: An introduction to theory of genres and modes. Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Fowler, R. (1982). How to see through language: Perspective in fiction. Poetics, 11(3), 213235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Franklin, D. R. J., & Mewhort, D. J. K. (2015). Memory as a hologram: An analysis of learning and recall. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69(1), 115.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Frick, A. (2018). Perspective taking. In Bornstein, M. H. (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of lifespan human development (pp. 16271628). Sage.Google Scholar
Frischkorn, G. T., Von Bastian, C. C., Souza, A. S., & Oberauer, K. (2022). Individual differences in updating are not related to reasoning ability and working memory capacity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 151(6), 13411357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fuentes, C. (1991). The death of Artemio Cruz (A. MacAdam, trans.). Farrar, Straus and Giroux. (Original work published in 1962.)Google Scholar
Fuyama, M., & Hidaka, S. (2016). Describing temporal changes of absorption with reader’s physical measures. Cognitive Studies: Bulletin of the Japanese Cognitive Science Society, 23(2), 135152.Google Scholar
Gaesser, B., & Schacter, D. L. (2014). Episodic simulation and episodic memory can increase intentions to help others. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(12), 44154420.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gaiman, N. (2009). Neverwhere: A novel. Harper Collins.Google Scholar
Galdós, B. P. (1923). Doña Perfecta (M. J. Serrano, trans.). Harper & Brothers. (Original work published in 1876.)Google Scholar
Galinsky, A., & Ku, G. (2004). The effects of perspective-taking on prejudice: The moderating role of self-evaluation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 594604.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Galinsky, A. D., & Moskowitz, G. B. (2000). Perspective-taking: Decreasing stereotype expression, stereotype accessibility, and in-group favoritism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(4), 708. ScholarPubMed
Galinsky, A. D., Want, C. S., & Ku, G. (2008). Perspective-takers behave more stereotypically. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(2), 404419.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gallese, V., Fadiga, L., Fogassi, L., & Rizzolatti, G. (1996). Action recognition in the premotor cortex. Brain, 119(2), 593609.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Galper, R. E. (1976). Turning observers into actors: Differential causal attributions as a function of “empathy.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 10, 328335.Google Scholar
Gentner, D. (1983). Structure-mapping: A theoretical framework for analogy. Cognitive Science, 7, 155170.Google Scholar
Gentner, D., Holyoak, K. J., & Kikinow, B. N. (Eds.). (2001). The analogical mind: Perspectives from cognitive science. MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerace, A., Day, A., Casey, S., & Mohr, P. (2015). Perspective taking and empathy: Does having similar past experience to another person make it easier to take their perspective? Journal of Relationships Research, 6(10), 114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gernsbacher, M. A., Goldsmith, H. H., & Robertson, R. R. W. (1992). Do readers mentally represent characters’ emotional states? Cognition & Emotion, 6(2), 89111.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gerrig, R. J. (1989). Reexperiencing fiction and non-fiction. The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 47(3), 277280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerrig, R. J. (1993). Experiencing narrative worlds. Yale University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerrig, R. J. (2005). The scope of memory-based processing. Discourse Processes, 39(2–3), 225242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerrig, R. J., & Allbritton, D. W. (1990). The construction of literary character: A view from cognitive psychology. Style, 24(3), 380391.Google Scholar
Gibbs, R. W., Jr. (2006a). Embodiment and cognitive science. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Gibbs, R. W., Jr. (2006b). Metaphor interpretation as embodied simulation. Mind & Language, 21(3), 434458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gick, M. L., & Holyoak, K. J. (1983). Schema induction and analogical transfer. Cognitive Psychology, 15(1), 138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gilman, C. P. (1997). The yellow wallpaper and other stories. Dover Publications. (Original work published in 1892.)Google Scholar
Glenberg, A. M., & Kaschak, M. P. (2002). Grounding language in action. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9(3), 558565.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Glover, S., & Dixon, P. (2004). Likelihood ratios: A simple and flexible statistic for empirical psychologists. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 11, 791806. ScholarPubMed
Goldman, A. (1995). Interpretation psychologized. In Davis, M. & Stone, T. (Eds.), Folk psychology (pp. 7499). Blackwell.Google Scholar
Goldman, A. (2006). Simulating minds: The philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience of mindreading. Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldman, A. (1993a). The psychology of folk psychology. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 16, 1528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldman, A. (1993b). Philosophical applications of cognitive science. Westview.Google Scholar
Gordon, R. M. (1986). Folk psychology as simulation. Mind and Language, 1, 158171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gordon, R. M. (1995). Simulation without introspection or inference from me to you. In Stone, T. & Davies, M. (Eds.), Mental simulation (pp. 5367). Blackwell.Google Scholar
Gordon, R. M. (1996). “Radical” simulationism. In Carruthers, P. & Smith, P. K. (Eds.), Theories of theories of mind (pp. 1121). Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gottschall, J. (2012). The storytelling animal: How stories make us human. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.Google Scholar
Gowdy, B. (1997). We so seldom look on love. In Atwood, M. & Weaver, R. (Eds.), The new Oxford book of Canadian short stories (pp. 357366). Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Graesser, A. C., Singer, M., & Trabasso, T. (1994). Constructing inferences during narrative text comprehension. Psychological Review, 101(3), 371395.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Graesser, A. C., Bowers, C., Olde, B., & Pomeroy, V. (1999a). Who said what? Source memory for narrator and character agents in literary short stories. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91(2), 284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Graesser, A. C., Bowers, C., Olde, B., White, K., & Person, N. K. (1999b). Who knows what? Propagation of knowledge among agents in a literary story world. Poetics, 26(3), 143175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Green, M. C. (2004). Transportation into narrative worlds: The role of prior knowledge and perceived realism. Discourse Processes, 38(2), 247266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Green, M. C., & Brock, T. C. (2000). The role of transportation in the persuasiveness of public narratives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79(5), 701721.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Green, M. C., Brock, T. C., & Kaufman, G. F. (2004). Understanding media enjoyment: The role of transportation into narrative worlds. Communication Theory, 14(4), 311327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gregory, A. J. P., Rioux, M., Gaesser, B., Sheldon, S., & Bartz, J. A. (April 2021). Episodic simulation as a mechanism driving empathic responding. Poster presented at the meeting of the Society for Affective Science.Google Scholar
Grezes, J., & Decety, J. (2001). Functional anatomy of execution, mental simulation, observation, and verb generation of actions: A meta‐analysis. Human Brain Mapping, 12(1), 119.3.0.CO;2-V>CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grice, H. P. (1975). Logic and conversation. In Cole, P. & Morgan, J. (Eds.), Syntax and semantics (vol. 3, pp. 4158). Academic Press.Google Scholar
Grimm, J. L. K., & Grimm, W. K. (1982). The Bremen town band (D. Luke, trans.). In Luke, D. (Ed.), Brothers Grimm: The robber bridegroom (pp. 3539). Penguin Books. (Original work published in 1819.)Google Scholar
Gurguryan, L., & Sheldon, S. (2019). Retrieval orientation alters neural activity during autobiographical memory recollection. NeuroImage, 199, 534544.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hakemulder, F. (2000). The moral laboratory: Experiments examining the effects of reading literature on social perception and moral self-knowledge. John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hakemulder, J., & Koopman, E. (2010). Readers closing in on immoral characters’ consciousness. Effects of free indirect discourse on response to literary narratives. Journal of Literary Theory, 4(1), 4162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Halasz, L. (1968). Experimental research into the effect mechanism of literary works. Pszichologiai Tanulmanyok, 11, 411427.Google Scholar
Hamsun, K. (2012). Hunger. Tebbo. (Original work published in 1890.)Google Scholar
Happé, F. G. E. (1994). An advanced test of theory of mind: Understanding of story characters’ thoughts and feelings by able autistic, mentally handicapped, and normal children and adults. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 129154.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Harash, A. (2021). The model of failed foregrounding. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 16(4), 594609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harding, D. W. (1961). Psychological processes in the reading of fiction. British Journal of Aesthetics, 2(2), 133147. Scholar
Harker, J. E. (2010). The limits of the mind: Cognition and narrative form in the modernist novel. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.Google Scholar
Harris, P. (2000). Understanding children’s worlds: The work of the imagination. Blackwell.Google Scholar
Harrison, C. (2017). Cognitive grammar in contemporary fiction. John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hayawaka, S. I. (1990). Language in thought and action. Harcourt Brace.Google Scholar
Heal, J. (1986). Replication and functionalism. In Butterfield, J. (Ed.), Language, mind, and logic (pp. 135150). Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Heal, J. (1996). Simulation, theory and content. In Carruthers, P. & Smith, P. K. (Eds.), Theories of theories of mind (pp. 7589). Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heinlein, R. A. (1961). Stranger in a strange land. Putnam Books.Google Scholar
Helson, R., Jones, C., & Kwan, V. S. Y. (2002). Personality change over 40 years of adulthood: Hierarchical linear modeling analyses of two longitudinal samples. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83(3), 752.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hemingway, E. (2002). To have and have not. Simon and Schuster. (Original work published in 1937.)Google Scholar
Hidi, S., & Baird, W. (1986). Interestingness: A neglected variable in discourse processing. Cognitive Science, 10(2), 179194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hintzman, D. L. (1986). “Schema abstraction” in a multiple-trace memory model. Psychological Review, 93(4), 411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hodges, S. D. (2005). Is how much you understand me in your head or mind? In Malle, B. F. & Hodges, S. D. (Eds.), Other minds: How humans bridge the divide between self and others (pp. 298309). Guilford Publications.Google Scholar
Hodges, S. D., Kiel, K. J., Kramer, A. D. I., Veach, D., & Villanueva, R. (2010). Giving birth to empathy: The effects of similar experience on empathic accuracy, empathic concern, and perceived empathy. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(3), 398409.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hoeken, H., & Fikkers, K. M. (2014). Issue-relevant thinking and identification as mechanisms of narrative persuasion. Poetics, 44, 8499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoeken, H., Kolthoff, M., & Sanders, J. (2016). Story perspective and character similarity as drivers of identification and narrative persuasion. Human Communication Research, 42(2), 292311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoffman, M. (1979). Development of moral thought, feeling and behaviour. American Psychologist, 34(10), 958966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoffman, M. (1984). Interaction of affect and cognition in empathy. In Izard, C, Kagan, J, & Zajonc, R. B. (Eds.), Emotions, cognitions, and behavior (pp. 103131). Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hoffner, C. (1996). Children’s wishful identification and parasocial interaction with favorite television characters. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 40(3), 389402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hofstadter, D. R. (2001). Epilogue: Analogy at the core of cognition. In Gentner, D., Holyoak, K. J., & Kokinov, B. N. (Eds.), The analogical mind: Perspectives from cognitive science (pp. 499538). MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hogan, P. C. (2003). The mind and its stories: Narrative universals and human emotion. Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hogan, P. C. (2011). The Cambridge encyclopedia of the language sciences. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hogan, P. C. (2013). Art and value: An essay in three voices. SubStance, 42(131), 6179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holyoak, K. J. (1982). An analogical framework for literary interpretation. Poetics, 11(2), 105126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holyoak, K. J., & Thagard, P. (1989). Analogical mapping by constraint satisfaction. Cognitive Science, 13, 295355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holyoak, K. J., Gentner, D., & Kokinov, B. N. (2001). Introduction: The place of analogy in cognition. In Gentner, D, Holyoak, K. J, & Kokinov, B. N (Eds.), The analogical mind. MIT Press.Google Scholar
Hoorn, J. (1996). Psychophysiology and literary processing: ERPs to semantic and phonological deviations in reading small verses. In Kreuz, R. J. & MacNealy, M. S. (Eds.), Empirical approaches to literature and aesthetics (pp. 339358). Ablex.Google Scholar
Howard, L. (2019). Shades of twilight. Pocket Books.Google Scholar
Hoyos, C., Horton, W. S., Simms, N. K., & Gentner, D. (2020). Analogical comparison promotes theory‐of‐mind development. Cognitive Science, 44(9), e12891.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Huggan, I. (1995). Celia behind me. In Atwood, M. & Weaver, R. (Eds.), The new Oxford book of Canadian short stories (pp. 307313). Oxford University Press. (Original work published in 1943.)Google Scholar
Hüln, P., Schmidt, W., & Shönert, J. (Eds.). (2009). Point of view, perspective, and focalization: Modeling mediation in narrative. De Gruyter.Google Scholar
Huttenlocher, P. R., & Dabholkar, A. S. (1997). Regional differences in synaptogenesis in human cerebral cortex. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 387(2), 167178.3.0.CO;2-Z>CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hutto, D. D. (2008). Folk psychological narratives: The socio-cultural basis of understanding reasons. MIT Press.Google Scholar
Hutto, D. D. (2011). Understanding fictional minds without theory of mind. Style, 45(2), 276282.Google Scholar
Ichheiser, G. (1949). Misunderstandings in human relations: A study in false social perception. American Journal of Sociology, 55, Part 2, viii, 70.Google Scholar
Ickes, W. (1993). Empathic accuracy. Journal of Personality, 61, 587610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ickes, W. (2003). Everyday mind reading: Understanding what other people think and feel. Prometheus Books.Google Scholar
Ickes, W., & Simpson, J. A. (1997). Managing empathic accuracy in close relationships. In Ickes, W. (Ed.), Empathic accuracy (pp. 218250). Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Igl, N. (2016). The double-layered structure of narrative discourse and complex strategies of perspectivization. In Igl, N. & Zeman, S. (Eds.), Perspectives on narrativity and narrative perspectivization (pp. 91114). John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ingarden, R. (1973a). The literary work of art: An investigation on the borderlines of ontology, logic, and theory of literature, 3rd ed. (Grabowics, G, trans.). Northwestern University Press. (Original work published in 1931.)Google Scholar
Ingarden, R. (1973b). The cognition of the literary work of art (R. A. Crowley & K. R. Olson, trans.). Northwestern University Press. (Original work published in 1931.)Google Scholar
Iser, W. (1978). The act of reading. Johns Hopkins University Press. (Original work published in 1976.)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jabali, E. H. (2015). The effects of perspective-taking on perceptual learning. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, 48, 123132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jellema, T., Baker, C. I., Wicker, B., & Perrett, D. I. (2000). Neural representation for the perception of the intentionality of actions. Brain and Cognition, 44(2), 280302.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Johnson, D. R. (2012). Transportation into a story increases empathy, prosocial behavior, and perceptual bias toward fearful expressions. Personality and Individual Differences, 52(2), 150155. Scholar
Johnson, D. R. (2013). Transportation into literary fiction reduces prejudice against and increases empathy for Arab-Muslims. Scientific Studies of Reading, 3(1), 7792.Google Scholar
Johnson, D. J., Oliveira, O. S., & Barnett, G. A. (1989). Communication factors related to closer international ties: An extension of a model in Belize. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 13(1), 118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, M. K., Hashtroudi, S., & Lindsay, D. S. (1993). Source monitoring. Psychological Bulletin, 114(1), 3.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Johnson, D. R., Cushman, G. K., Borden, L. A., & McCune, M. S. (2013). Potentiating empathic growth: Generating imagery while reading fiction increases empathy and prosocial behavior. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 7(3), 306312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jolliffe, D., & Farrington, D. P. (2006). Development and validation of the basic empathy scale. Journal of Adolescence, 29(4), 393408.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jones, E. E., & Nisbett, R. E. (1971). The actor and the observer: Divergent perceptions of the causes of behavior. General Learning Press.Google Scholar
Jumpertz, J., & Tary, W. (2020). An empirical study of readers’ identification with a narrator. Anglistik: International Journal of English Studies, 31(1), 111128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Just, M. A., & Carpenter, P. A. (1992). A capacity theory of comprehension: Individual differences in working memory. Psychological Review, 99, 122149.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Just, M. A., Carpenter, P. A., & Keller, T. A. (1996). The capacity theory of comprehension: New frontiers of evidence and arguments. Psychological Review, 103(4), 773780.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kafka, F. (1995). The complete stories. Schocken.Google Scholar
Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. (1973). On the psychology of prediction. Psychological Review, 80(4), 237251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kane, K. (2013). Lincoln and a key to Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Connecticut Explored, 11(1).Google Scholar
Kaufman, G. F., & Libby, L. K. (2012). Changing beliefs and behavior through experience-taking. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103(1), 119. ScholarPubMed
Kayser, W. (1954). Entstehung und krise des modernen romans (Emergence and crisis of the modern novel). Metzler.Google Scholar
Keen, S. (2007). Empathy and the novel. Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kidd, D. C., & Castano, E. (2013). Reading literary fiction improves theory of mind. Science, 342(6156), 377380.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kidd, D., & Castano, E. (2016). Different stories: How levels of familiarity with literary and genre fiction relate to mentalizing. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 11(4), 474486. Scholar
Kidd, D., & Castano, E. (2019). Reading literary fiction and theory of mind: Three preregistered replications and extensions of Kidd and Castano (2013). Social Psychological and Personality Science, 10(4), 522531. Scholar
Kidd, D., Ongis, M., & Castano, E. (2016). On literary fiction and its effects. Scientific Study of Literature, 6(1), 4258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, T., & Biocca, F. (1997). Telepresence via television: Two dimensions of telepresence may have different connections to memory and persuasion. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 3(2), JCMC325.Google Scholar
Kintsch, W., & Greene, E. (1978). The role of culture-specific schemata in the comprehension and recall of stories. Discourse Processes, 1(1), 113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klein, S. B., & Loftus, J. (1988). The nature of self-referent encoding: The contributions of elaborative and organizational processes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55(1), 511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kohlberg, L. (1976). Moral stages and moralization: The cognitive-developmental approach. In T. Lickona (Ed.), Moral development and behavior: Theory, Research and Social Issues (pp. 31–53). Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
Kohlmeier, J. (2005). The power of a woman’s story: A three-step approach to historical significance in high school world history. The International Journal of Social Education: Official Journal of the Indiana Council for the Social Studies, 20, 6475.Google Scholar
Kolodner, J. (1993). Case-based reasoning. Morgan Kaufmann.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Konrath, S. H., O’Brien, E. H., & Hsing, C. (2011). Changes in dispositional empathy in American college students over time: A meta-analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 15, 180198.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Koopman, E. (2015). Empathic reactions after reading: The role of genre, personal factors and affective responses. Poetics, 50, 144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Koopman, E. (2016). Effects of “literariness” on emotions and on empathy and reflection after reading. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 10(1), 8298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kotovych, M., Dixon, P., Bortolussi, M., & Holden, M. (2011). Textual determinants of a component of literary identification. Scientific Study of Literature, 1(2), 260291. Scholar
Krawczyk, D. (2017). Reasoning: The neuroscience of how we think. Academic Press.Google Scholar
Kuhn, T. (1962). The structure of scientific revolutions. University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Kuiken, D., Miall, D. S., & Sikora, S. (2004a). Forms of self-implication in literary reading. Poetics Today, 25(2), 171203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuiken, D., Phillips, L., Gregus, M., Miall, D. S., Verbitsky, M., & Tonkonogy, A. (2004b). Locating self-modifying feelings within literary reading. Discourse Processes, 38(2), 267286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuzmičová, A. (2012). Presence in the reading of literary narrative: A case for motor enactment. Semiotica, 189(1), 2348. Scholar
Kuzmičová, A., & Bálint, K. (2019). Personal relevance in story reading: A research review. Poetics Today, 40(3), 429451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuzmičová, A., Mangen, A., Støle, H., & Begnum, A. C. (2017). Literature and readers’ empathy: A qualitative text manipulation study. Language and Literature, 26(2), 137152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
LaBerge, D., & Samuels, S. J. (1974). Toward a theory of automatic information processing in reading. Cognitive Psychology, 6(2), 293323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lamm, C., Batson, C. D., & Decety, J. (2007). The neural substrate of human empathy: Effects of perspective-taking and cognitive appraisal. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19(1), 4258.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Landauer, T. K., & Dumais, S. T. (1997). A solution to Plato’s problem: The latent semantic analysis theory of acquisition, induction, and representation of knowledge. Psychological Review, 104(2), 211-240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Langkau, J. (2020). The empathic skill fiction can’t teach us. Philosophical Psychology, 33(3), 313331. Scholar
Lanser, S. (1981). The narrative act. Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Larsen, S. F., & Seilman, U. (1988). Personal remindings while reading literature. Text, 8(4), 411430.Google Scholar
László, J., & Larsen, S. F. (1991). Cultural and text variables in processing personal experiences while reading literature. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 9(1), 2334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Launay, J., Pearce, E., Wlodarski, R., van Duijn, J. C., & Dunbar, R. I. M. (2015). Higher-order mentalizing and executive functioning. Personality and Individual Differences, 86, 614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Laurence, M. (1997). The mask of the bear. In Atwood, M. & Weaver, R. (Eds.), The new Oxford book of Canadian short stories (pp. 7691). Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Laurence, M. (2010). A bird in the house. New Canadian Library.Google Scholar
Le Carré, J. (2001). Tinker, tailor, soldier, spy. Penguin Books. (Original work published in 1974.)Google Scholar
Le Carré, J. (2006). Smiley’s people. Penguin Canada. (Original work published in 1969.)Google Scholar
Le Carré, J. (2008). The night manager. Penguin Books. (Original work published in 1993.)Google Scholar
Le Guin, U. K. (1980). The beginning place. Bantam Books.Google Scholar
Le Guin, U. K. (1990). Tehanu. Atheneum.Google Scholar
Le Guin, U. K. (2008). The lathe of heaven. Simon and Schuster. (Original work published in 1971.)Google Scholar
Le Guin, U. K. (2012). A wizard of Earthsea. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. (Original work published in 1968.)Google Scholar
Leacock, S. (1911). My financial career. In Literary lapses (pp. 914). John Lane. (Original work published in 1910.)Google Scholar
Leech, G. N., & Short, M. H. (1981). Style in fiction: A linguistic introduction to English fictional prose. Longman.Google Scholar
LeFevre, J. A., & Dixon, P. (1986). Do written instructions need examples? Cognition and Instruction, 3, 130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lepman, J. (1969). A bridge of children’s books: The inspiring autobiography of a remarkable woman. Brockhampton Press.Google Scholar
Leslie, A. M., & Thaiss, L. (1992). Domain specificity in conceptual development: Neuropsychological evidence from autism. Cognition, 43, 225251.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Leslie, A. M., Friedman, O., & German, T. P. (2004). Core mechanisms in “theory of mind.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 8, 528533.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Leudar, I., & Costall, A. (Eds.). (2009). Against theory of mind. Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lewis, D. (1966). An argument for the identity theory. Journal of Philosophy, 63, 1725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, S.-C., Lindenberger, U., Hommel, B., Aschersleben, G., Prinz, W., & Baltes, P. B. (2004). Transformations in the couplings among intellectual abilities and constituent cognitive processes across the life span. Psychological Science, 15(3), 155163.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Liebes, T., & Katz, E. (1990). The export of meaning: Cross-cultural readings of “Dallas.” Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Lin, S., Keysar, B., & Epley, N. (2010). Reflexively mindblind: Using theory of mind to interpret behavior requires effortful attention. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(3), 551556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lindsay, D. S., Hagen, L., Read, J. D., Wade, K. A., & Garry, M. (2004). True photographs and false memories. Psychological Science, 15(3), 149154.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Loftus, E. F., Miller, D. G., & Burns, H. J. (1978). Semantic integration of verbal information into a visual memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 4(1), 19-31.Google ScholarPubMed
Lubbock, P. (1921). The craft of fiction. Viking Press.Google Scholar
Mack, M. (Ed.). (1997). The Norton anthology of world masterpieces: Expanded edition in one volume. W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
Macrae, C. N., Bodenhausen, G. V., Milne, A. B., & Jetten, J. (1994). Out of mind but back in sight: Stereotypes on the rebound. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(5), 808.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maio, G. R., & Esses, V. M. (2001). The need for affect: Individual differences in the motivation to approach or avoid emotions. Journal of Personality, 69(4), 583614.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mandler, J. M. (1984). Stories, scripts, and scenes: Aspects of schema theory. Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Mar, R. A. (2004). The neuropsychology of narrative: Story comprehension, story production and their interrelation. Neuropsychologia, 42(10), 14141434.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mar, R. A. (2011). The neural bases of social cognition and story comprehension. Annual Review of Psychology, 62, 103134.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mar, R. A. (2018a). Evaluating whether stories can promote social cognition: Introducing the social processes and content entrained by narrative (SPaCEN) framework. Discourse Processes, 5 /6, 454479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mar, R. A. (2018b). Stories and the promotion of social cognition. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 27, 257262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mar, R. A., & Oatley, K. (2008). The function of fiction is the abstraction and simulation of social experience. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3(3), 173192.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mar, R. A., Oatley, K., & Peterson, J. B. (2009). Exploring the link between reading fiction and empathy: Ruling out individual differences and examining outcomes. Communications, 34(4), 407428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mar, R. A., Oatley, K., Hirsh, J., de la Paz, J., & Peterson, J. B. (2006). Bookworms versus nerds: Exposure to fiction versus non-fiction, divergent associations with social ability, and the simulation of fictional social worlds. Journal of Research in Personality, 40(5), 694712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Margolin, U. (1990). The what, the when, and the how of being a character in literary narrative. Style, 24(3), 453486.Google Scholar
Margolin, U. (2009). Focalization: Where do we go from here? In Hühn, P., Schmid, W., & Schönert, J. (Eds.), Point of view, perspective, and focalization: Modelling mediation in narrative (vol. 17, pp. 4157). De Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Margolin, U. (2014). Narrator. In Huhn, P., Meister, J. C., Pier, J., & Schmid, W. (Eds.), Handbook of narratology, 2nd ed. (vol. 1, pp. 646667). De Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Masson, M. E. J., & Sala, L. S. (1978). Interactive processes in sentence comprehension and recognition. Cognitive Psychology, 10(2), 244270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Matute, A. M. (1989a). Sin of omission (M. S. Doyle, trans.). In The heliotrope wall and other stories (pp. 6871). Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Matute, A. M. (1989b). Very happy (M. S. Doyle, trans.). In The heliotrope wall and other stories (pp. 3742). Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Maylor, E. A., Moulson, J. M., Muncer, A., & Taylor, L. A. (2002). Does performance on theory of mind tasks decline in old age? British Journal of Psychology, 93(4), 465485.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McClelland, D. C., & Winter, D. G. (1969). Motivating economic achievement. Free Press.Google Scholar
McClelland, J. L., & Rumelhart, D. E. (1985). Distributed memory and the representation of general and specific information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 114(2), 159.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McKennan, R. A. (1965). The Chandalar Kutchin: Technical paper no. 17. Arctic Institute of North America.Google Scholar
McKoon, G., & Ratcliff, R. (1992). Inference during reading. Psychological Review, 99(3), 440.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mead, G. H. (1934). Mind, self, and society from the standpoint of a social behaviorist. University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Mellet, V. (1997). Good night air (K. S. Leonard, trans.). In Leonard, K. S. (Ed.), Cruel fictions, cruel realities: Short stories by Latin American women writers (pp. 8388). Latin American Literary Review Press.Google Scholar
Melville, H. (1991). Moby Dick, or the whale. Project Gutenberg. (Original work published in 1851.)Google Scholar
Meskin, A., & Weinberg, J. M. (2003). Emotions, fiction, and cognitive architecture. British Journal of Aesthetics, 43(1), 1834.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mewhort, D. J. K., & Johns, E. E. (2005). Sharpening the echo: An iterative-resonance model for short-term recognition memory. Memory, 13, 300307. ScholarPubMed
Miall, D. S., & Kuiken, D. (1994). Foregrounding, defamiliarization, and affect: Response to literary stories. Poetics, 22(5), 389407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Michlmayr, M. (2002). Simulation theory versus theory theory. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck.Google Scholar
Mikolov, T., Chen, K., Corrado, G., & Dean, J. (2013). Efficient estimation of word representations in vector space. arXiv preprint arXiv:1301.3781.Google Scholar
Miller, J., Brookie, K., Wales, S., Wallace, S., & Kaup, B. (2018). Embodied cognition: Is activation of the motor cortex essential for understanding action verbs? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 44(3), 335.Google ScholarPubMed
Miller, P. J., Hoogstra, L., Mintz, J., Fung, H., & Williams, K. (1993). Troubles in the garden and how they get resolved: A young child’s transformation of his favorite story. Memory and Affect in Development: The Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology, 26, 87114.Google Scholar
Miller, S. A. (2009). Children’s understanding of second-order mental states. Psychological Bulletin, 135(5), 749773.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Milligan, K., Astington, J. W., & Dack, L. A. (2007). Language and theory of mind: Meta-analysis of the relation between language ability and false-belief understanding. Child Development, 78, 622646.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Molix, L., & Nichols, C. P. (2012). The importance of perspective taking and respect for dignity in understanding radicalization. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 12(1), 320323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Monterroso, A. (2013). El eclipse (The eclipse). In Sobejano-Morán, A. (Ed.), Tornasol: Guía para la interpretación de textos literarios y cine (Tornasol: Guide to the interpretation of literary texts and cinema) (p. 6). Panda Publications.Google Scholar
Moors, A., Ellsworth, P. C., Scherer, K. R., & Frijda, N. H. (2013). Appraisal theories of emotion: State of the art and future development. Emotion Review, 5(2), 119124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morrow, D. G., Greenspan, S. L., & Bower, G. H. (1987). Accessibility and situation models in narrative comprehension. Journal of Memory and Language, 26(2), 165187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morton, A. (1980). Frames of mind: Constraints on the common-sense conception of the mental. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Moss, A. W. (1961). Valiant crusade: The history of the RSPCA. Cassell.Google Scholar
Mukařovský, J. (2014). Standard language and poetic language. In Chovanec, J. (Ed.), Chapters from the history of Czech functional linguistics (pp. 4153). Masarykova Univerzita. (Original work published in 1932.)Google Scholar
Mulcahy, M., & Gouldthorp, B. (2016). Positioning the reader: The effect of narrative point-of-view and familiarity of experience on situation model construction. Language and Cognition, 8(1), 96123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mullins, B., & Dixon, P. (2007). Narratorial implicatures: Readers look to the narrator to know what is important. Poetics, 35(4–5), 262276. Scholar
Mumper, M. L., & Gerrig, R. J. (2017). Leisure reading and social cognition: A meta-analysis. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 11(1), 109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Munro, A. (1996). The office. In Munro, A. (Ed.), Selected short stories. Random House.Google Scholar
Murdock, B. B. (1982). A theory for the storage and retrieval of item and associative information. Psychological Review, 89(6), 609626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Myers, M. W., & Hodges, S. D. (2008). Making it up and making do: Simulation, imagination, and empathetic accuracy. In Markham, K., Klein, W., & Suhr, J. (Eds.), Handbook of imagination and mental simulation (pp. 281294). Psychology Press.Google Scholar
Naaeke, A., Kurylo, A., Grabowski, M., Linton, D., & Radford, M. (2011). Insider and outsider perspective in ethnographic research. Proceedings of New York State Communication Association, 2010, article 9.Google Scholar
Narvaez, D. (2002). Does reading moral stories build character? Educational Psychology Review, 14(2), 155171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nichols, S., Stich, S., Lslie, A., & Klein, D. (1996). Varieties of off-line simulation. In Carruthers, P. & Smith, P. K. (Eds.), Theories of theories of mind (pp. 3974). Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nickerson, R. S. (1999). How we know – and sometimes misjudge – what others know: Imputing one’s own knowledge to others. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 737759.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Niederhoff, B. (2014). Perspective: Point of view. In Huhn, P., Meister, J. C., Pier, J., & Schmid, W. (Eds.), Handbook of narratology (vol. 2, pp. 692705). De Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nijhof, A. D., & Willems, R. M. (2015). Simulating fiction: Individual differences in literature comprehension revealed with fMRI. PLOS ONE, 10(2).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nilsen, E. S., & Graham, S. A. (2009). The relations between children’s communicative perspective-taking and executive functioning. Cognitive Psychology, 58(2), 220249.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Norton, M. I., Monin, B., Cooper, J., & Hogg, M. A. (2003). Vicarious dissonance: Attitude change from the inconsistency of others. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(1), 4762.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nussbaum, M. C. (2001). Upheavals of thought: The intelligence of emotions. Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Brien, E. J., & Cook, A. E. (2016). Coherence threshold and the continuity of processing: The RI-Val model of comprehension. Discourse Processes, 53, 326338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Connor, F. (1955). A good man is hard to find and other stories. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.Google Scholar
Oatley, K. (1999). Meeting of minds: Dialogue, sympathy, and identification in reading fiction. Poetics, 26, 439454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Oatley, K. (2002). Emotions and the story worlds of fiction. In Green, M. C., Strange, J. J., & Brock, T. C. (Eds.), Narrative impact: Social and cognitive foundations (pp. 3969). Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Oatley, K. (2016). Fiction: Simulation of social worlds. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20(8), 618628.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Oatley, K., Keltner, D., & Jenkins, J. M. (2006). Understanding emotions. Blackwell.Google Scholar
Ohreen, D. (2015). Gaining perspective on perspective taking. Business Ethics Journal Review, 5(7), 4046.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Onishi, K. H., & Baillargeon, R. (2005). Do 15-month-old infants understand false beliefs? Science, 308, 255258.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ortega y Gasset, J. (1925). Ideas sobre la novela [Ideas about the novel]. In Obras completas III (Complete works III) (pp. 387419). Revista de Occidente.Google Scholar
Palencik, J. T. (2008). Emotions and the force of fiction. Philosophy and Literature, 32(2), 258277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Palmer, A. (2004). Fictional minds. University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
Panero, M. E., Weisberg, D. S., Black, J., Goldstein, T. R., Barnes, J. L., Brownell, H., & Winner, E. (2016). Does reading a single passage of literary fiction really improve theory of mind? An attempt at replication. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 111(5), e46e54. Scholar
Pearl, S. (2007). Books for children of the world: The story of Jella Lepman. Pelican.Google Scholar
Perfetti, C. (2007). Reading ability: Lexical quality to comprehension. Scientific Studies of Reading, 11(4), 357383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Perner, J. (1996). Simulation as explicitation of predication-implicit knowledge about the mind: Arguments for a simulation-theory mix. In Carruthers, P. & Smith, P. K. (Eds.), Theories of theories of mind (pp. 90104). Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peters, S. L., & Sheldon, S. (2021). Common and distinct neural systems support the generation retrieval phase of autobiographical memory and personal problem solving. Behavioural Brain Research, 397, 112911.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Petty, R. E., & Cacioppo, J. T. (1986). The elaboration likelihood model of persuasion. In Berkowitz, L. (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (vol. 19, pp. 123205). Academic Press.Google Scholar
Pexman, P. M., Muraki, E., Sidhu, D. M., Siakaluk, P. D., & Yap, M. J. (2019). Quantifying sensorimotor experience: Body–object interaction ratings for more than 9,000 English words. Behavior Research Methods, 51(2), 453466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Piaget, J. (1932). The moral reasoning of the child. Kegan, Paul, Trench, Trubner.Google Scholar
Piaget, J. (1959). Judgment and reasoning in the child. Littlefield, Adams.Google Scholar
Pino, M. C., & Mazza, M. (2016). The use of “literary fiction” to promote mentalizing ability. PLOS ONE, 11(8), e0160254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Platt, M. L. (2020). The leaders brain: Enhance your leadership, build stronger teams, make better decisions, and inspire greater innovation with neuroscience. Wharton School Press.Google Scholar
Porter, K. A. (1975). Rope. In Cahill, S. (Ed.), Women and fictions: Short stories by and about women (pp. 7884). New American Library. (Original work published in 1928.)Google Scholar
Pouillon, J. (1946). Temps et roman (Time and the novel). Gallimard.Google Scholar
Premack, D., & Woodruff, G. (1978). Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1(4), 515526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Preston, S. D., & de Waal, F. B. M. (2002). Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 25, 172.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Prince, G. (1987). Dictionary of narratology. University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
Pronin, E., Gilovich, T., & Ross, L. (2004). Objectivity in the eye of the beholder: Divergent perceptions of bias in self versus others. Psychological Review, 111(3), 781799.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Proust, M. (2009). Swann’s way: Remembrance of things past, volume one. Project Gutenberg. (Original work published in 1922.)Google Scholar
Pulvermüller, F., Shtyrov, Y., & Ilmoniemi, R. (2005). Brain signatures of meaning access in action word recognition. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17(6), 884892.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Core Team, R. (2022). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Scholar
Radford, C. (1975). How can we be moved by the fate of Anna Karenina? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society (Supplementary), 49, 6780.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Raichle, M. E., MacLeod, A. M., Snyder, A. Z., Powers, W. J., Gusnard, D. A., & Shulman, G. L. (2001). A default mode of brain function. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 98(2), 676682.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Raney, A. A. (2006). The psychology of disposition-based theories of media enjoyment. In Bryant, J. & Vorderer, P. (Eds.), The psychology of entertainment (pp. 137150). Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Regan, D. T., & Totten, J. (1975). Empathy and attribution: Turning observers into actors. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 32(5), 850856.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Reik, T. (1948). Listening with the third ear: The inner experience of a psychoanalyst. Farrar, Strauss.Google Scholar
Renninger, A., & Hidi, S. E. (2016). The power of interest for motivation and engagement. Routledge.Google Scholar
Richardson, B. (2015). Unnatural narrative. Ohio State University Press.Google Scholar
Richardson, D. R., Hammock, G. S., Smith, S. M., Gardner, W., & Signo, M. (1994). Empathy as a cognitive inhibitor of interpersonal aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 20, 275289.3.0.CO;2-4>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Richland, L. E., & Morrison, R. G. (2010). Is analogical reasoning just another measure of executive functioning? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 4, e00180.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Riffaterre, M. (1981). Interview: Michael Riffaterre. Diacritics, 11(4), 1216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rimmon-Kenan, S. (1983). Narrative fiction: Contemporary poetics. Methuen.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rinck, M., & Bower, G. H. (1995). Anaphora resolution and the focus of attention in situation models. Journal of Memory and Language, 34(1), 110131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rizzolatti, G., & Arbib, M. A. (1998). Language within our grasp. Trends in Neurosciences, 21(5), 188194.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Robards, K. (2011). One summer. Dell.Google Scholar
Robbe Grillet, A. (1963). Pour un nouveau roman (For a new novel). Les Editions du Minuit.Google Scholar
Rogers, E. M., & Bhowmik, D. K. (1970). Homophily-heterophily: Relational concepts for communication research. Public Opinion Quarterly, 34, 523538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rokeach, M. (1979). Some unresolved issues in theories of beliefs, attitudes, and values. In Page, M. M. (Ed.), Nebraska symposium on motivation (pp. 261304). University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
Ross, B. H., & Kilbane, M. C. (1997). Effects of principle explanation and superficial similarity on analogical mapping in problem solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 23(2), 427.Google Scholar
Rothbart, M. K., & Posner, M. I. (1985). Temperament and the development of self-regulation. In Hartlage, L. & Telzrow, C. F. (Eds.), The neuropsychology of individual differences: A developmental perspective (pp. 93123). Plenum.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rowling, J. K. (1997). Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone. Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
Ruby, P., & Decety, J. (2001). Effect of subjective perspective taking during simulation of action: A PET investigation of agency. Nature Neuroscience, 4(5), 546550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ruby, P., & Decety, J. (2004). How would you feel versus how do you think she would feel? A neuroimaging study of perspective-taking with social emotions. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16(6), 988999. Scholar
Ryskin, R. A., Benjamin, A. S., Tullis, J., & Brown-Schmidt, S. (2015). Perspective-taking in comprehension, production, and memory: An individual differences approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144(5), 898915. ScholarPubMed
Salem, S., Weskott, T., & Holler, A. (2017). Does narrative perspective influence readers’ perspective-taking? An empirical study on free indirect discourse, psycho-narration and first-person narration. Glossa: A Journal of General Linguistics, 2(1), 118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Salinger, J. D. (1951). The catcher in the rye. Little, Brown.Google Scholar
Samson, D., Apperly, I. A., Chiavarino, C., & Humphreys, G. W. (2004). Left temporoparietal junction is necessary for representing someone else’s belief. Nature Neuroscience, 7(5), 499500.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sanford, A. J., & Emmott, C. (2012). Mind, brain, and narrative. Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sato, M., Sakai, H., Wu, J., & Bergen, B. K. (2012). Towards a cognitive science of literary style: Perspective-taking in processing omniscient versus objective voice. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 34.Google Scholar
Scapin, G., Loi, C., Hakemulder, F., Bálint, K., & Konijn, E. (2023). The role of processing foregrounding in empathic reactions in literary reading. Discourse Processes, 121. Scholar
Schacter, D. L., & Addis, D. R. (2007). The cognitive neuroscience of constructive memory: Remembering the past and imagining the future. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 362(1481), 773786.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schacter, D. L., Addis, D. R., & Buckner, R. L. (2007). Remembering the past to imagine the future: The prospective brain. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 8(9), 657661. ScholarPubMed
Schacter, D. L., Addis, D. R., Hassabis, D., Martin, V. C., Spreng, N. R., & Szpunar, K. K. (2012). The future of memory: Remembering, imagining, and the brain. Neuron Review, 76, 677694.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schad, D. J., Nuthmann, A., & Engbert, R. (2012). Your mind wanders weakly, your mind wanders deeply: Objective measures reveal mindless reading at different levels. Cognition, 125, 179194. ScholarPubMed
Scheler, M. (1954). The nature of sympathy. Routledge.Google Scholar
Schmid, W. (2003). Narrativity and eventfulness. In Kindt, T. & Müller, H.-H. (Eds.), What is narratology? Questions and answers regarding the status of a theory (pp. 1733). De Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schneider, D. W., & Dixon, P. (2009). Visuospatial cues for reinstating mental models in working memory during interrupted reading. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63(3), 161172. ScholarPubMed
Schneider, R. (2001). Toward a cognitive theory of literary character: The dynamics of mental-model construction. Style, 35(4), 607640.Google Scholar
Scholl, B. J., & Leslie, A. M. (1999). Modularity development and theory of mind. Mind & Language, 14(1), 131153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schooler, J. W., Reichle, E. D., & Halpern, D. V. (2004). Zoning out while reading: Evidence for dissociations between experience and metaconsciousness. In Levin, D. T. (Ed.), Thinking and seeing: Visual metacognition in adults and children (pp. 203226). MIT Press.Google Scholar
Seilman, S., & Larsen, S. F. (1989). Personal resonance to literature: A study of remindings while reading. Poetics, 18(1–2), 165177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sevillano, V., Aragones, J. I., & Schultz, P. W. (2007). Perspective taking, environmental concern, and the moderating role of dispositional empathy. Environment and Behavior, 39(5), 685705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shanker, S. (2009). The roots of mindblindness. In Leudar, I. & Costall, A. (Eds.), Against theory of mind (pp. 685703). Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Sharrock, W., & Coulter, J. (2009). “Theory of mind”: A critical commentary continued. In I. Leudar & A. Costall (Eds.), Against theory of mind (pp. 56–88).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sheldon, S., Gurguryan, L., Madore, K. P., & Schacter, D. L. (2019). Constructing autobiographical events within a spatial or temporal context: A comparison of two targeted episodic induction techniques. Memory, 27(7), 881893.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Shelley, C. (2003). Multiple analogies in science and philosophy. John Benjamins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shelley, M. W. (1993). Frankenstein; or, the modern Prometheus. Project Gutenberg. (Original work published in 1818.)Google Scholar
Shepard, L. (1987). Life during wartime. Bantam Books.Google Scholar
Shiffrin, R. M., & Steyvers, M. (1997). A model for recognition memory: REM-retrieving effectively from memory. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 4(2), 145166. Scholar
Siegal, M. (2011). Theory of mind and language acquisition. In P. H. Hogan (Ed.), The Cambridge encyclopedia of the language sciences (pp. 862–863). Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Sillars, A. L. (1998). (Mis)understanding. In Spitzberg, B. H. & Cupach, W. R. (Eds.), The dark side of close relationships (pp. 73102). Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Simas, E. N., Clifford, S., & Kirkland, J. H. (2019). How empathic concern fuels political polarization. American Political Science Review, 114(1), 258269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Singer, M. (1980). The role of case‐filling inferences in the coherence of brief passages. Discourse Processes, 3(3), 185201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Singer, T. (2006). The neuronal basis and ontogeny of empathy and mind reading: Review of literature and implications for future research. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30, 855863.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Singer, T., Seymour, B., O’Doherty, J., Kaube, H., Dolan, R. J., & Frith, C. D. (2004). Empathy for pain involves the affective but not sensory components of pain. Science, 303(5661), 11571162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Singer, T., Seymour, B., O’Doherty, J. P., Stephan, K. E., Dolan, R. J., & Frith, C. D. (2006). Empathic neural responses are modulated by the perceived fairness of others. Nature, 439(7015), 466469.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Singh, R., & Soo Yan, H. (2000). Attitudes and attraction: A new test of the attraction, repulsion and similarity-dissimilarity asymmetry hypotheses. British Journal of Social Psychology, 39(2), 197211.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Skitka, L., & Morgan, S. G. (2009). The double-edged sword of a moral state of mind. In Narvaez, D. (Ed.), Personality, identity, and character: Explorations in moral psychology (pp. 355374). Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Slade, L., & Ruffman, T. (2005). How language does (and does not) relate to theory of mind: A longitudinal study of syntax, semantic, working memory and false beliefs. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 23, 117141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Slater, M. D., & Rouner, D. (2002). Entertainment-education and elaboration likelihood: Understanding the processing of narrative persuasion. Communication Theory, 12(2), 173191.Google Scholar
Smith, A. (1759). The theory of moral sentiments. Hafner.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sodian, B., & Frith, U. (1993). The theory-of-mind deficit in autism: Evidence from deception. In Baron-Cohen, S., Tager-Flusberg, H., & Cohen, D. J. (Eds.), Understanding other minds: Perspectives from autism (pp. 158177). Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Sommer, R. (2013). Other stories, other minds: The intercultural potential of cognitive approaches to narrative. In Bernaerts, L., Geest, D. D., Herman, L., & Vervaeck, B. (Eds.), Stories and minds: Cognitive approaches to literary narrative (pp. 155174). University of Nebraska Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Spark, M. (1999). The prime of Miss Jean Brodie. Harper Collins. (Original work published in 1962.)Google Scholar
Speer, N. K., Reynolds, J. R., Swallow, K. M., & Zacks, J. M. (2009). Reading stories activates neural representations of visual and motor experiences. Psychological Science, 20(8), 989999.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Spence, I., & Efendov, A. (2001). Target detection in scientific visualization. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 7(1), 1326. ScholarPubMed
Spilich, G. J., Vesonder, G. T., Chiesi, H. L., & Voss, J. F. (1979). Text processing of domain-related information for individuals with high and low domain knowledge. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 18(3), 275290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Spreng, R. N., McKinnon, M. C., Mar, R. A., & Levine, B. (2009). The Toronto empathy questionnaire: Scale development and initial validation of a factor-analytic solution to multiple empathy measures. Journal of Personality Assessment, 91(1), 6271.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Standiford, L. (2008). The man who invented Christmas: How Charles Dickens’s A Christmas Carol rescued his career and revived our holiday spirits. Crown.Google Scholar
Stanovich, K. E., & West, R. F. (1989). Exposure to print and orthographic processing. Reading Research Quarterly, 24, 402433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stanovich, K. E., & Cunningham, A. E. (1993). Where does knowledge come from? Specific associations between print exposure and information acquisition. Journal of Educational Psychology, 85(2), 211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stanzel, F. K. (1981). Teller-characters and reflector-characters in narrative theory. Poetics Today, 2(2), 515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stich, S. P., & Nichols, S. (1992). Folk psychology: Simulation or tacit theory? Mind and Language, 7, 3571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stockwell, P., & Mahlberg, M. (2014). War, worlds and cognitive grammar. Cognitive Grammar in Literature, 17, 1734.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stockwell, P., & Mahlberg, M. (2015). Mind-modelling with corpus stylistics in David Copperfield. Language and Literature, 24(2), 129147.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Stone, T., & Davies, M. (1996). The mental simulation debate: A progress report. In Carruthers, P. & Smith, P. K. (Eds.), Theories of theories of mind (pp. 119137). Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Storms, M. D. (1973). Videotape and the attribution process: Reversing actors’ and observers’ points of view. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 27(2), 165.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Stowe, H. B. (2021). Uncle Tom’s cabin: Or, life among the lowly. Project Gutenberg. (Original work published in 1891.)Google Scholar
Suh, S. Y., & Trabasso, T. (1993). Inferences during reading: Converging evidence from discourse analysis, talk-aloud protocols, and recognition priming. Journal of Memory and Language, 32(3), 279300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sujan, M., Bettman, J. R., & Baumgarnter, H. (1993). Influencing consumer judgments using autobiographical memories: A self-referencing perspective. Journal of Marketing Research, 30(4), 422436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sukenick, R. (1969). The death of the novel and other stories. Dial Press.Google Scholar
Surtees, A. D. R., & Apperly, I. A. (2012). Egocentrism and automatic perspective taking in children and adults. Child Development, 85(2), 452460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tal-Or, N., & Cohen, J. (2010). Understanding audience involvement: Conceptualizing and manipulating identification and transportation. Poetics, 38(4), 402418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tamir, D. I., Bricker, A. B., Dodell-Feder, D., & Mitchell, J. P. (2016). Reading fiction and reading minds: The role of simulation in the default network. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11(2), 215224.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tan, E. S. (1994). Story processing as an emotion episode. In van Oostendorp, H. & Zwaan, R. (Eds.), Naturalistic text comprehension (pp. 165187). Praeger.Google Scholar
Thagard, P., & Shelley, P. (2001). Emotional analogies and analogical inference. In Gentner, D., Holyoak, K. J., & Kokinov, B. N. (Eds.), The analogical mind (pp. 335362). MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Todd, A. R., Hanko, K., Galinsky, A. D., & Mussweiler, T. (2011). When focusing on differences leads to similar perspectives. Psychological Science, 22(1), 134141.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Todd, A. R., Forstmann, M., Burgmer, P., & Galinsky, A. D. (2018). Anxious and egocentric: How specific emotions influence perspective taking. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 144(2), 374391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tolkien, J. R. R. (2008). The fellowship of the ring. Harper Collins. (Original work published in 1937.)Google Scholar
Tolstoy, L. (1998). Anna Karenina (C. Garnett, trans.). Project Gutenberg. (Original work published in 1878.)Google Scholar
Tomasino, B., Fink, G. R., Sparing, R., Dafotakis, M., & Weiss, P. H. (2008). Action verbs and the primary motor cortex: A comparative TMS study of silent reading, frequency judgments, and motor imagery. Neuropsychologia, 46(7), 19151926.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Treisman, A. M., & Gelade, G. (1980). A feature-integration theory of attention. Cognitive Psychology, 12(1), 97136.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tsai, J. L., Louie, J. Y., Chen, E. E., & Uchida, Y. (2007). Learning what feelings to desire: Socialization of ideal affect through children’s storybooks. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33(1), 1730.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tsunemi, K., & Kusumi, T. (2011). The effect of perceptual and personal memory retrieval on story comprehension. Psychologia, 54(3), 119134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tversky, A. (1977). Features of similarity. Psychological Review, 84, 327352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1974). Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. Science, 185, 11241130.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Twenge, J. M., Campbell, W. K., & Freeman, E. C. (2012). Generational differences in young adults’ life goals, concern for others, and civic orientation, 1966–2009. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(5), 10451062.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Umiltà, M. A., Escola, L., Intskirveli, I., Grammont, F., Rochat, M., Caruana, F.Rizzolatti, G. (2008). When pliers become fingers in the monkey motor system. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105(6), 22092213.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Unsworth, N., & McMillan, B. D. (2013). Mind wandering and reading comprehension: Examining the roles of working memory capacity, interest, motivation, and topic experience. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 39(3), 832842. ScholarPubMed
Unti, B. (1998). Sewill, Anna. In Bekoff, M. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of animal rights and animal welfare (p. 313). Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
Uspensky, B. (1973). Poetics of composition: The structure of the artistic text and typology of a compositional form (V. Zavarin & S. Wittig, trans.). University of California Press.Google Scholar
Uzer, T., Lee, P. J., & Brown, N. R. (2012). On the prevalence of directly retrieved autobiographical memories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 38(5), 1296.Google ScholarPubMed
van den Broek, P., & Helder, A. (2017). Cognitive processes in discourse comprehension: Passive processes, reader-initiated processes, and evolving mental representations. Discourse Processes, 54, 360372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van den Broek, P., Risden, K., & Husebye-Hartmann, E. (1995). The role of readers’ standards of coherence in the generation of inferences during reading. In Lorch, R. F. & O’Brien, E. J. (Eds.), Sources of coherence in reading (pp. 353373). Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
van Krieken, K. (2018). How reading narratives can improve our fitness to survive: A mental simulation model. Narrative Inquiry, 28(1), 139160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van Krieken, K., Hoeken, H., & Sanders, J. (2017). Evoking and measuring identification with narrative characters: A linguistic cues framework. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1190. ScholarPubMed
van Lissa, C. J., Caracciolo, M., Van Duuren, T., & Van Leuveren, B. (2016). Difficult empathy: The effect of narrative perspective on readers’ engagement with a first-person narrator. Diegesis, 5(1), 4263.Google Scholar
van Overwalle, F., & Baetens, K. (2009). Understanding others’ actions and goals by mirror and mentalizing systems: A meta-analysis. Neuroimage, 48(3), 564584.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
van Peer, W. (1997). Toward a poetics of emotion. In Hjort, M. & Laver, S. (Eds.), Emotion and the arts (pp. 215224). Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van Peer, W., & Vander Maat, H. P. (2001). Narrative perspective and the interpretation of characters’ motives. Language and Literature, 10(3), 229241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van Peer, W., Hakemulder, J., & Zyngier, S. (2007). Lines on feeling: Foregrounding, aesthetics and meaning. Language and Literature, 16(2), 197213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vermeule, B. (2011). Why do we care about literary characters? Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Vischer, R. (1994). On the optical sense of form: A contribution to aesthetics (H. F. Mallgrave, trans.). In Mallgrave, H. F. & Ikonomou, E. (Eds.), Empathy, form, and space: Problems in German aesthetics, 1873–1893 (pp. 89123). Getty Center for the History of Art and the Humanities.Google Scholar
Vitz, P. C. (1990). The use of stories in moral development: New psychological reasons for an old education model. American Psychologist, 45, 709720.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vollberg, M. C., Gaesser, B., & Cikara, M. (2021). Activating episodic simulation increases affective empathy. Cognition, 209, ArtID 104558.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Walton, K. (1987). Fearing fictions. Journal of Philosophy, 75, 527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walton, K. (1997). Spelunking, simulation, and slime: On being moved by fiction. In Hjort, M. (Ed.), Emotion and the arts (pp. 3749). Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Waltz, J. A., Knowlton, B. J., Holyoak, K. J., Boone, K. B., Mishkin, F. S., de Menezes Santos, M.Miller, B. L. (1999). A system for relational reasoning in human prefrontal cortex. Psychological Science, 10(2), 119125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, C. S., Tai, K., Ku, G., & Galinsky, A. D. (2014). Perspective-taking increases willingness to engage in intergroup contact. PLOS ONE, 9(1).Google ScholarPubMed
Webster. (1989). Empathy. In Webster’s ninth new collegiate dictionary (p. 1099). Merriam Webster.Google Scholar
Weingartner, K. M., & Klin, C. M. (2005). Perspective taking during reading: An on-line investigation of the illusory transparency of intention. Memory & Cognition, 33(1), 4858.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wellman, H., Cross, D., & Watson, J. (2001). Meta-analysis of theory of mind development: The truth about false-belief. Child Development, 72(3), 655684.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
West, R. F., Stanovich, K. E., & Mitchell, H. R. (1993). Reading in the real world and its correlates. Reading Research Quarterly, 28(1), 3550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Whalen, D. H., Zunshine, L., & Holquist, M. I. (2012). Theory of mind and embedding of perspective: A psychological test of a literary “sweet spot.Scientific Study of Literature, 2(2), 301315.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wharton, C. M., Grafman, J., Flitman, S. S., Hansen, E. K., Brauner, J., Marks, A., & Honda, M. (2000). Toward neuroanatomical models of analogy: A positron emission tomography study of analogical mapping. Cognitive Psychology, 40(3), 173197.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wharton, E. (2012). The custom of the country. Vintage Books. (Original work published in 1913.)Google Scholar
White, S., Hill, E., Happé, F., & Frith, U. (2009). Revisiting the strange stories: Revealing mentalising impairments in autism. Cognition, 89, 2541.Google Scholar
Wierzbicka, A. (1996). Semantics: Primes and universals. Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Willems, R., & Hartung, F. (2017). Engaging regularly with fiction influences connectivity in cortical areas for language and mentalizing. Scholar
Willis, C. (1993). Doomsday book. Spectra.Google Scholar
Willis, C. (2010). Blackout. Spectra.Google Scholar
Wimmer, H., & Perner, J. (1983). Beliefs about beliefs: Representation and constraining function of wrong beliefs in young children’s understanding of deception. Cognition, 13, 103128.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wimmer, L. F., El-Salahi, L., & Ferguson, H. J. (2022). Narrativity and literariness affect the aesthetic attitude in text reading. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 41(1).Google Scholar
Wimmer, L. F., Friend, S., Currie, G., & Ferguson, H. J. (2021). Reading fictional narratives to improve social and moral cognition: The influence of narrative perspective, transportation, and identification. Frontiers in Communication, 5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wispe, L. (1986). The distinction between sympathy and empathy: To call forth a concept, a word is needed. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 314321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wollheim, R. (Ed.). (1974). Identification and imagination. Anchor/Doubleday.Google Scholar
Wondra, J. D., & Ellsworth, P. C. (2015). An appraisal theory of empathy and other vicarious emotional experiences. Psychological Review, 122(3), 411428. ScholarPubMed
Woolfolk Cross, D. (1983). Mediaspeak: How television makes up your mind. Coward-McCann.Google Scholar
Wu, S., & Keysar, B. (2007). The effect of culture on perspective taking. Psychological Science, 18(7), 600606.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Xiong, C., Walsh, P., & Olson, R. (2021). Derek Chauvin cuffed after murder, manslaughter convictions in death of George Floyd. Minneapolis Star Tribune. Scholar
Yamamoto, H. (1994). Seventeen syllables. In Cheung, K.-K. (Ed.), Seventeen syllables: Hisaye Yamamoto (pp. 2138). Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
Yanal, R. J. (1996). The paradox of suspense. The British Journal of Aesthetics, 36(2), 146159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yang, B. W., Deffler, S. A., & Marsh, E. J. (2022). A comparison of memories of fiction and autobiographical memories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 151(5), 10891106.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Zaki, J. (2014). Empathy: A motivated account. Psychological Bulletin, 140, 16081647.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zeman, S. (2016). Introduction: Perspectives on narrativity and narrative perspectivization. In Igl, N. & Zeman, S. (Eds.), Perspectives on narrativity and narrative perspectivization (pp. 114). John Benjamins.Google Scholar
Zhang, X., Fung, H. H., Stanley, J. T., Isaacowitz, D. M., & Ho, M. Y. (2013). Perspective taking in older age revisited: A motivational perspective. Developmental Psychology, 49(10), 1848.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zillmann, D. (1991). Empathy: Affect from bearing witness to the emotions of others. In Bryant, J. & Zillmann, D. (Eds.), Responding to the screen: Reception and reaction processes (pp. 135167). Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Zillmann, D. (1994). Mechanisms of emotional involvement with drama. Poetics, 23, 3351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zillmann, D. (2006). Empathy: Affective reactivity to others’ emotional experiences. In Bryant, J. & Vorderer, P. (Eds.), Psychology of entertainment (pp. 151181). Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Zucchini, W. (2000). An introduction to model selection. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 44, 4161.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Zunshine, L. (2006). Why we read fiction: Theory of mind and the novel. Ohio State University Press.Google Scholar
Zwaan, R. A. (2004). The immersed experiencer: Toward an embodied theory of language comprehension. Psychology of Learning and Motivation, 44, 3562.CrossRefGoogle Scholar