TiNi shape memory alloy (SMA) has potential applications for nuclear reactors and its phase stability under irradiation is becoming an important topic. Some irradiation-induced diffusion-dependent phase transformations, such as amorphization, have been reported before. In the present work, the behavior of diffusion-independent phase transformation in TiNi SMA was studied by electron irradiation at room temperature. The effect of irradiation on the martensitic transformation of TiNi shape memory alloys was studied by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) with in-situ observation and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). The results of TEM and DSC measurements show that the microstructure of samples is R phase at room temperature. Electron irradiations were carried out using several different TEM with accelerating voltage of 200 kV, 300 kV, 400 kV and 1000 kV. Also the accelerating voltage in the same TEM was changed to investigate the critical voltage for the effect of irradiation on phase transformation. It was found that a phase transformation occurred under electron irradiation above 320 kV, but never appeared at 300 kV or lower accelerating voltage. Such phase transformation took place in a few seconds of irradiation and was independent of atom diffusion. The mechanism of Electron-irradiation-induced the martensitic transformation due to displacements of atoms from their lattice sites produced by the accelerated electrons.