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Noble metals combined with some oxides have synergetic contributions to surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). In this work, a new method of de-oxide was proposed to prepare nanoporous metal based composites. Nanoporous Ag decorated with CeO2 nanoparticles was successfully prepared by decomposing Ag/CeO2/ZnO precursors in a 10 wt% NaOH aqueous solution. During the process of de-oxide, ZnO in the precursors could be removed completely and the nanoporous Ag/CeO2 nanocomposites with rough ligament surfaces were formed. The results indicated that the contents of CeO2 had significant influences on the microstructure and SERS performance of the prepared Ag/CeO2 materials. Using R6G and L-phenylalanine as probe molecules, the nanoporous Ag/CeO2(0.5%) substrates demonstrated a high enhancement factor of 1.2 × 108. The improved SERS performances were mainly attributed to the strong coupling effects between Ag ligament and CeO2 nanoparticle. This work would like to be interesting for the design of nanoporous composites for the application in the fields of SERS technology.
In this work, the ultraﬁne nanoporous Ag ribbons were achieved through addition of 2 at.%–6 at.% Ce into the melt-spun Cu-Ag alloys and applying different electrochemical dealloying potentials. The dendritic morphology of the ligaments in the dealloyed Cu80Ag20 alloy varied to be equiaxial due to the addition of Ce, and the pore size reduced from 200 nm to less than 60 nm. The nanoporous Ag with an average pore size of ∼15 nm was obtained from the Cu74Ag20Ce6 alloy. The pore and ligament sizes of the nanoporous Ag prepared from the Cu76Ag20Ce4 alloy exhibited an increasing tendency with the increase of applied potentials, while the dealloyed Cu78Ag20Ce2 had an opposite variation. Moreover, the addition of Ce into the Cu-Ag alloys also promoted the dealloying. Nanoporous Ag exhibited the stronger enhancement of the surface enhanced Raman scattering effects with the increase of Ce contents in the precursory alloys.
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