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The shovelnose guitarfish (Pseudobatos productus) is the most abundant and economically important batoid in Gulf of California fisheries. Despite the importance of the guitarfish in the demersal ecosystem, its trophic relationships are poorly understood. Results from stomach content and stable isotope analysis indicate P. productus is a specialist predator that feeds on coastal benthic organisms, mainly crustaceans, followed by fishes and cephalopods in the Upper Gulf of California. Males and females did not differ in dietary composition and isotopic values. Pseudobatos productus displayed ontogenetic changes in the diet, with smaller, immature individuals having a more specialized diet and mature individuals becoming generalist predators. Size classes I (<570 mm) and II (>570 mm) fed almost exclusively on crustaceans (99.78% and 82.37 %IRI, respectively). Size class III (>832 mm) increased consumption of fishes (22.11 %IRI) and squid (6.54 %IRI). Ontogenetic diet shifts were strongly supported by the SIAR mixing model. Stomach content and stable isotope analyses classify P. productus as a second-order predator.
The nearby active galaxy NGC 1275, has been widely detected from radio to gamma rays. Its spectral energy distribution (SED) shows a double-peak feature, which is well explained by synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model. However, recent TeV detections might suggest that very-high-energy γ-rays (E⩾100 GeV) may not have a leptonic origin. We test a lepto-hadronic model to describe the whole SED through SSC emission and neutral pion decay resulting from pγ interactions. Also, we estimate the neutrino events expected in a km3 Cherenkov telescope.
We present the optical/infrared counterpart to GT0106+613, a transient gamma-ray source believed to be a blazar. Long-term differential photometry and satellite information was used to confirm the variability in optical/infrared wavelengths, correlated with gamma-ray flares from the source. An intense optical flare with no counterpart in gamma-rays is also remarkable.
We present a technique to detect Ultra-Faint Dwarf Galaxies (UFDs) in the Galactic Halo, using sky and proper motion information.The method uses wavelet transforms to detect peaks in the sky and proper motion planes, and to evaluate the probability of these being stochastic fluctuations. We aim to map thoroughly the detection limits of this technique. For this, we have produced a library of 15,000 synthetic UFDs, embedded in the Gaia Universe Model Snapshot (GUMS) background (Robin et al. 2012), each at a different distance, different luminosity, half-light radius, velocity dispersion and center-of-mass velocity, varying in ranges that extend well beyond those spanned by known classical and ultra-faint dSphs. We use these synthetic UFDs as a benchmark to characterize the completeness and detection limits of our technique, and present our results as a function of different physical and observable parameters of the UFDs (see full poster for more details at https://gaia.ub.edu/Twiki/pub/GREATITNFC/ProgramFinalconference/Poster_UFGX_Bcn_C_Mateu.pdf).
We quantified the time burden of alcohol-based handrub accompanying nonsterile-glove use among emergency physicians, through observation in controlled and clinical settings. We report gloving episodes per hour, gloving times with and without handrub, and handrub recommendations compliance. Handrub adds 46 seconds to each glove-use episode, and we provide national extrapolations.
We present an observational program we started in 1999, to systematically obtain mid-resolution spectra of late-type stars, to study in particular chromospheric activity. In particular, we found cyclic activity in four dM stars, including Prox-Cen. We directly derived the conversion factor that translates the known S index to flux in the Ca II cores, and extend its calibration to a wider spectral range. We investigated the relation between the activity measurements in the calcium and hydrogen lines, and found that the usual correlation observed is the product of the dependence of each flux on stellar color, and it is not always preserved when simultaneous observations of a particular star are considered. We also used our observations to model the chromospheres of stars of different spectral types and activity levels, and found that the integrated chromospheric radiative losses, normalized to the surface luminosity, show a unique trend for G and K dwarfs when plotted against the S index.
We use test-particle orbit integration with a realistic Milky Way (MW) potential to study the effect of the resonances of the Galactic bar and spiral arms on the velocity distribution of the Solar Neighbourhood and other positions of the disk. Our results show that spiral arms create abundant kinematic substructure and crowd stars into the region of the Hercules moving group in the velocity plane. Bar resonances can contribute to the origin of low-angular momentum moving groups like Arcturus. Particles in the predicted dark disk of the MW should be affected by the same resonances as stars, triggering dark-matter moving groups in the disk. Finally, we evaluate how this study will be advanced by upcoming Gaia data.
The influence of circulation on abundance patterns of larval fish was compared at different phases of the tide in the vicinity of an estuarine front in Corral Bay, Chile during austral spring. Greatest differences in water salinity were found across the frontal region on ebb tides. Because rainfall was low, density differences were primarily due to tidal intrusion of salt water. Larval density was relatively low during both sampling periods with Strangomera bentincki, Oodntesthes regia laticlavia, Gobiesox marmoratus and Hypsoblennius sordidus as the most abundant species. Total ichthyoplankton was always higher near the tidal front (Stations 2 and 3). Spatial distribution in relation to tidal phase showed different patterns for the most abundant fish larval species. Circulation and larval distribution revealed that the bay was a source of young fish larvae but older individuals could also be recruited in and retained there. Results show that the front could act as a physical boundary for larvae transported from offshore through specific mechanism of circulation related with the tidal regime.
Pseudohelicomyces albus gen. et sp. nov. is described. It is characterised by the presence of hyaline, cylindrical arthroconidia
originating from either spiral vegetative hyphae or from spiral, branched conidiophores. The hyphae and conidiophores may or may
not possess clamp connections. The characteristics of the basidiocarps formed in culture were identical to material collected from
nature. P. albus is the anamorphic stage of Psilocybe merdaria and shows similarities to Helicomyces.
We present differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and in situ Mössbauer spectroscopy results for Metglas ribbons, to which different heat treatments were made. The Curie temperature of the amorphous phase is determined and the evolution of the magnetic field of this phase is studied as a function of temperature.
Mössbauer spectroscopy, coercive field and permeability were used to study the transformations produced by annealing at 375°C as-quenched amorphous ribbons of Metglas® 2605 SC of nominal composition Fe81B13.5Si3.5C2. The coercive field showed a decrease (softening) in the 0-30 min range, followed by an increase (hardening) for annealing times above 30 min. Permeability exhibited the opposite behavior, with a maximum for about 30 min. The Mössbauer magnetic hyperfine spectra showed variations in the intensities ratios, which were related with macroscopic measurements in good agreement with the softening-hardening processes.
In this work a series of [Zn1−xAlx(OH)2](CO3)x/2·mH2O; x=0.25−0.66 were prepared at constant pH in order to study the effect of the thermal treatment on their crystalline srtucture. It was found that is possible to obtain pure Zn-Al hydrotalcite materials within a x = 0.25−0.50 range in comparison with Mg-Al hydrotalcites which yield pure phases in more restricted x ranges (0.25−0.33). All Zn-Al hydrotalcites lost their layered structure at temperatures above 473 K being less stable than their parental Mg-Al hydotalcite (623 K). Specific surface areas of these materials depended strongly on the Zn/Al ratio and calcination temperature, ranging from 280 to 20 m2/g. ZnO and ZnAl2O4 compounds were detected as the calcination products at temperatures higher than 873 K.
The effects of vanadium in the crystallization kinetics amorphous ribbons
Fe80-yVyB12Si8 (0.5 <
y < 15) has been investigated by Differential
Scanning Calorimetry, by using the Avrami, Kolmogorov-Johnson-Mehl-Avrami,
and Calka and Radlinski equations. The addition of vanadium to Fe-B-Si
alloys leads to an enhancement of stability against crystallization, as
shown by an increase in the effective activation energy for crystallization
(Eeff = 3.6eV) and an increase in the temperature for the first
crystallization peak, as a function of vanadium content (from 780 to 855K).
Results also show that the crystallization Mechanism, nucleation rate and
dimensionality of growth are constant throughout the crystallization process
in the composition range investigated.
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