To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
More than a quarter of depressed older persons is physically frail. Understanding the associations between frailty and depression may help to improve treatment outcome for late-life depression. The aim of this study is to test whether physical frailty predicts the course of late-life depression.
A cohort study (N=285) of depressed older persons aged ≥60 years with two years follow-up. Depression was classified according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria at baseline and at two-year follow-up. Severity of depression was assessed with the sum score as well as subscale scores of the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (IDS) at six-month intervals. Physical frailty was defined as ≥3 out of 5 criteria (handgrip strength, weight loss, poor endurance, walking speed, low physical activity).
Frail patients were more severely depressed compared to their non-frail counterparts. Multivariable logistic regression showed that physical frailty at baseline was associated with depression at two years follow-up, adjusted for socio-demographics and lifestyle factors. Linear mixed models showed that improvement of mood symptoms over time was independent of frailty status, whereas frailty had a negative impact on the course of the somatic and motivational symptoms of depression.
The negative impact of physical frailty on the course of depression may point to the potential importance of incorporating multi-facetted interventions in the treatment of late-life depression. Further understanding of the mediating mechanisms underlying the association between frailty and depression may further guide the development of these interventions.
Physical frailty and depressive symptoms are reciprocally related in community-based studies, but its prognostic impact on depressive disorder remains unknown.
A cohort of 378 older persons (≥ 60 years) suffering from a depressive disorder (DSM-IV criteria) was reassessed at two-year follow-up. Depressive symptom severity was assessed every six months with the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology, including a mood, motivational, and somatic subscale. Frailty was assessed according to the physical frailty phenotype at the baseline examination.
For each additional frailty component, the odds of non-remission was 1.24 [95% CI = 1.01–1.52] (P = 040). Linear mixed models showed that only improvement of the motivational (P < 001) subscale and the somatic subscale (P = 003) of the IDS over time were dependent on the frailty severity.
Physical frailty negatively impacts the course of late-life depression. Since only improvement of mood symptoms was independent of frailty severity, one may hypothesize that frailty and residual depression are easily mixed-up in psychiatric treatment.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.