Methodist and Catholic missionaries brought Christianity to the Fijian islands in the nineteenth century. They taught the islanders Western hymns and translated the Bible into the vernacular for Fijians to read. Fijians responded musically to these developments in two ways. For some church music they adopted Western styles and forms, and began composing these religious songs themselves in their own language. In certain cases, however, they continued to use a style of chanting derived from older, pre-European-contact forms for their Christian worship. This latter response resulted in same, a type of sacred music involving the unaccompanied chanting of Biblical texts.