ALLS, A.A., COVER, M.S., BENTON, W.J. and KRAUSS, W.C. (1964) Treatment of hatching eggs for disease prevention - factors affecting permeability and a visual inspection of drug absorption. Avian Diseases 8: 245-256.
BAIN, M.M., RODRIGUEZ-NAVARRO, A., McDADE, K., SCHMUTZ, M., PREISINGER, R., WADDINGTON, D. and DUNN, I.C. (2009) The potential of eggshell crystal size and cuticle coverage for genetic selection in laying hens. Abstract from 60th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production, Barcelona, Spain, pp. 169.
BAKER, J.R. and BALCH, D.A. (1962) A study of the organic material of hen's eggshell. Biochemical Journal 82: 352-350.
BALL, R.F., LOGAN, V. and HILL, J.F. (1975) Factors affecting the cuticle of the egg as measured by intensity of staining. Poultry Science 54: 1479-1484.
BARON, F., GAUTIER, M. and BRUL, G. (1999) Rapid Growth of Salmonella Enteritidis in egg white reconstituted from industrial egg white powder. Journal of Food Protection 62: 585-591.
BECKETT, M., BEGOTT, G.K. and GRAEME-COOK, K. (2003) Bacterial degradation of the eggshell cuticle of the mandarin duck (Aix galerculata). Avian and Poultry Biology Reviews 14: 196-197.
BECKING, J.H. (1975) The ultrastructure of the avian eggshell. Ibis 117: 143-151.
BELYAVIN, C.G. and BOORMAN, K.N. (1980) The influence of the cuticle on egg-shell strength. British Poultry Science 21: 295-298.
BERA, A., BERBERT, S., JAKOB, A., VOLLMER, W. and GOTZ, F. (2005) Why are pathogenic Staphylococci so lysozyme resistant? The peptidoglycan O-acetyltransferase oatA is the major determinant for lysozyme resistance of Staphylococcus aureus. Molecular Microbiology 55: 778-787.
BERRANG, M.E., COX, N.A., FRANK, J.F. and BUHR, R.J. (1999) Bacterial penetration of the eggshell and shell membranes of the chicken hatching egg: a review. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 8: 499-504.
BIALKA, K.L., DEMIRCI, A., KNABEL, S.J., PATTERSON, P.H. and PURI, V.M. (2004) Efficacy of electrolyzed oxidizing water for the microbial safety and quality of eggs. Poultry Science 83: 2071-2078.
BOARD, R.G. (1974) Microstructure, water resistance and water repellence of the pigeon eggshell. British Poultry Science 15: 415-419.
BOARD, R.G. (1975) The microstructure of the cuticle-less shell of the eggs of the domestic hen. British Poultry Science 16: 89-91.
BOARD, R.G. (1980) The avian eggshell-a resistance network. Journal of Applied Microbiology 48: 303-313.
BOARD, R.G. (1982) Properties of avian eggshells and their adaptive value. Biological Reviews 57: 1-28.
BOARD, R.G. and FULLER, R. (1974) Non-specific antimicrobial defences of the avian egg, embryo and neonate. Biological Reviews 49: 15-49.
BOARD, R.G. and HALLS, N.A. (1973) The cuticle: a barrier to liquid and particle penetration of the shell of the hen's egg. British Poultry Science 14: 69-97.
BOARD, R.G. and LOVE, G. (1980) Magnesium distribution in avian eggshells. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology 66: 667-672.
BOARD, R.G. and SCOTT, V.D. (1980) Porosity of the Avian Eggshell. American Zoologist 20: 339-349.
BOARD, R.G., LOSEBY, S. and MILES, V.R. (1979) A note on microbial growth on hen eggshells. British Poultry Science 20: 413-420.
BOARD, R.G., TULLETT, S.G. and PERROTT, H.R. (1977) An arbitrary classification of the pore systems in avian eggshells. Journal of Zoology 182: 251-265.
BRUCE, J. and DRYSDALE, E.M. (1994) Trans-shell transmission, in: BOARD R.G. & FULLER R. (Ed) Microbiology of the Avian Egg, pp. 63-91 (Chapman & Hall, London).
BURLEY, R.W. and VADEHRA, D.V. (1989) The Avian Egg. Chemistry and Biology. Wiley Interscience. New York.
BUTCHER, G.D. and MILES, R.D. (2003) Factors causing poor pigmentation of brown shelled eggs. University of Florida. Online retrieved from: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/ VM/VM04700.pdf.
CAIN, C.J. and HEYN, A.N. (1964) X-RAY diffraction studies of the crystalline structure of the avian eggshell. Biophysical Journal 4: 23-39.
CAVERO, D., SCHMUTZ, M., ICKEN, W. and PREISINGER, R. (2012) Attractive eggshell colour as a breeding goal. Lohmann Information 47: 15-21.
COLELLA, R., SAKAGUCHI, Y., NAGASE, H. and BIRD, J.W. (1989) Chicken egg white cystatin. Molecular cloning, nucleotide sequence, and tissue distribution. Journal of Biological Chemistry 264: 17164-17169.
COOK, M.I., BEISSINGER, S.R., TORANZOS, G.A., RODRIGUEZ, R.A. and ARENDT, W.J. (2003) Trans–shell infection by pathogenic microorganisms reduces the shelf life of non–incubated bird's eggs: a constraint on the onset of incubation? Proceedings of the Royal Society B 270: 2233-2240.
COOKE, A.S. and BALCH, D.A. (1970) Studies of membranes, mammillary core and cuticle of the hen eggshell. British Poultry Science 11: 345-352.
CURTIS, P.A., GARDNER, F.A. and MELLOR, D.B. (1985) A comparison of selected quality and compositional characteristics of brown and white shell eggs. II. Interior quality. Poultry Science 64: 302-306.
DENNIS, J.E., XIAO, S.Q., AGARWAL, M., FINK, D.J., HEUER, A.H. and CAPLAN, A.I. (1996) Microstructure of matrix and mineral components of eggshell from white leghorn chickens (Gallus gallus). Journal of Morphology 228: 287-306.
DE REU, K., GRIJSPEERDT, K., MESSENS, W., HEYNDRICKX, M., UYTTENDAELE, M., DEBEVERE, J. and HERMAN, L. (2006a) Eggshell factors influencing eggshell penetration and whole egg contamination by different bacteria, including Salmonella Enteritidis. International Journal of Food Microbiology 112: 253-260.
DE REU, K., GRIJSPEERDT, K., HEYNDRICKX, M., MESSENS, W., UYTTENDAELE, M., DEBEVERE, J. and HERMAN, L. (2006b) Influence of eggshell condensation on eggshell penetration and whole egg contamination with Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis. Journal of Food Protection 69: 1539-1545.
DE REU, K., MESSENS, W., GRIJSPEERDT, K., HEYNDRICKX, M., UYTTENDAELE, M. and HERMAN, L. (2010) Eggshell factors influencing eggshell penetration and whole egg contamination by different bacteria, including Salmonella Enteritidis. Proceedings of the Australian Poultry Science Symposium 21: 126-129.
EKPERIGIN, H.E. and McCAPES, R.H. (1977) Pre-incubation dipping of turkey hatching eggs I. effect of shell treatment on amount and variability of fluid intake. Avian Diseases 21: 596-604.
EUROPEAN COMMISSION REGULATION (2008) Laying down detailed rules for implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 as regards marketing standards for eggs. Online Retrieved from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008R0589&from=en.
EUROPEAN FOOD SAFETY AUTHORITY (EFSA) (2005) Opinion of the scientific panel on biological hazards on the request from the commission related to the microbiological risks on washing of table eggs. EFSA Journal 269: 1-39.
FASENKO, G.M., O'DEA CHRISTOPHER, E.E. and MCMULLEN, L.M. (2009) Spraying hatching eggs with electrolyzed oxidizing water reduces eggshell microbial load without compromising broiler production parameters. Poultry Science 88: 1121-1127.
FERNANDEZ, M.S., ESCOBAR, C., LAVELIN, I., PINES, M. and ARIAS, J.L. (2003) Localisation of osteopontin in oviduct tissue and eggshell during different stages of the avian egg laying cycle. Journal of Structural Biology 143: 171-180.
FERNANDEZ, M.S., MOYA, A., LOPEZ, L. and ARIAS, J.L. (2001) Secretion pattern, ultrastructural localisation and function of extracellular matrix molecules involved in eggshell formation. Matrix Biology 19: 793-803.
FRASER, A.C., BAIN, M.M. and SOLOMON, S.E. (1999) Transmission electron microscopy of the vertical crystal layer and cuticle of the eggshell of the domestic fowl. British Poultry Science 40: 626-631.
GAUTRON, J., HINCKE, M.T., PANHÉLEUX, M., GARCIA-RUIZ, J.M., BOLDICKE, T. and NYS, Y. (2001) Ovotransferrin is a matrix protein of the hen eggshell membranes and basal calcified layer. Connective Tissue Research 42: 255-267.
GAUTRON, J., HINCKE, M.T. and NYS, Y. (1997) Precursor matrix proteins in the uterine fluid change with stages of eggshell formation in hens. Connective Tissue Research 36 (3): 195-210.
GILBERT, A.B. (1971) The egg: Its physical and chemical aspects. In D.J. Bell and B.M. Freeman (Eds.). Physiology and Biochemistry of the domestic fowl 3: 1379-1399.
HAIGH, T. and BETTS, W.B. (1991) Microbial barrier properties of hen eggshells. Microbios 68: 137-146.
HAINES, R.B. and MORAN, T. (1940) Porosity of, and bacterial invasion through, the shell of the hen egg. The Journal of Hygiene 40: 453-461.
HINCKE, M.T., GAUTRON, J., NYS, Y., RODRIGUEZ-NAVARRO, A.B. and McKEE, M.D. (2011) The eggshell: structure and productive function, in: NYS, Y., BAIN, M. & IMMERSEEL, F.V. (Eds) Improving the safety and quality of eggs and egg products, Vol. 1, pp. 151-182 (Woodhead Publishing Limited).
HINCKE, M.T., NYS, Y. and GAUTRON, J. (2010) The role of matrix protein in eggshell formation (Review). Journal of Poultry Science 47: 208-219.
HINCKE, M.T., GAUTRON, J., MANN, K., PANHELEUX, M., McKEE, M.A., BAIN, M., SOLOMON, S.E. and NYS, Y. (2003) Purification of ovocalyxin-32, a novel chicken eggshell matrix protein. Connective Tissue Research 44: 16-19.
HINCKE, M.T., GAUTRON, J., PANHELEUX, M., GARCIA-RUIZ, J., MCKEE, M.D. and NYS, Y. (2000) Identification and localisation of lysozyme as a component of eggshell membranes and eggshell matrix. Matrix Biology 19: 443-453.
HODGES, R.D. (1974) The Histology of the Fowl. Academic Press Inc. London.
HUGHEY, V.L. and JOHNSON, E.A. (1987) Antimicrobial activity of lysozyme against bacteria involved in food spoilage and food-borne disease. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 53: 2165-2170.
HUMPHREY, T.J. (1994) Contamination of eggshell and contents with Salmonella Enteritidis: A review. International Journal of Food Microbiology 21: 31-40.
HUTCHISON, M.L., GITTINS, J., WALKER, A., SPARK, N., HUMPHREY, T.J., BURTON, C. and MOORE, A. (2004) An assessment of the microbiological risks involved with egg washing under commercial conditions. Journal of Food Protection 67 (1): 4-11.
IBRAHIM, H.R., SUGIMOTO, Y. and AOKI, T. (2000) Ovotransferrin antimicrobial peptide (OTAP-92) kills bacteria through a membrane damage mechanism. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects 1523: 196-205.
ISHIKAWA, S., SUZUKI, K., FUKUDA, E., ARIHARA, K., YAMAMOTO, Y., MUKAI, T. and ITOH, M. (2010) Photodynamic antimicrobial activity of avian eggshell pigments. FEBS Letters 584: 770-774.
JOHNSON, A.L. (2000) Reproduction in the female, in: WHITTOW, G.C. (Ed) Sturkie Avian Physiology, 5th Edition, pp. 569-596 (Academic Press, USA).
JONCHERE, V., REHAULT-GODBERT, S., HENNEQUET-ANTIER, C., CABAU, C., SIBUT, V., COGBURN, L.A., NYS, Y. and GAUTRON, J. (2010) Gene expression profiling to identify eggshell proteins involved in physical defence of the chicken egg. BMC Genomics, 11: 57.
JONES, D.R., MUSGROVE, M.T., ANDERSON, K.E. and THESMAR, H.S. (2010) Physical quality and composition of retail shell eggs. Poultry Science 89: 582-587.
JUNG, J.G., LIM, W., PARK, T.S., KIM, J.N., HAN, B.K., SONG G. and HAN, J.Y. (2011) Structural and histological characterisation of oviductal magnum and lectin-binding patterns in Gallus domesticus. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 9: 62.
KAMILA, K. (2005) Antimicrobial activity of chicken egg white cystatin. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 21: 59-64.
KELLER, L.H., BENSON, C.E., KROTEC, K. and ECKROADE, R.J. (1995) Salmonella Enteritidis colonisation of the reproductive tract and forming and freshly laid eggs of chickens. Infection and Immunity 63: 2443-2449.
KENNEDY, G.Y. and VEVERS, H.G. (1973) Eggshell pigments of the Araucano fowl. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 44B: 11-25.
KENNEDY, G.Y. and VEVERS, H.G. (1976) A survey of avian eggshell pigments. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 55B: 117-123.
KIM, J.W. and SLAVIK, M.F. (1996a) Changes in eggshell surface microstructure after washing with cetylpyridinium chloride or trisodium phosphate. Journal of Food Protection 59 (8): 859-863.
KIM, J.W. and SLAVIK, M.F. (1996b) Use of blue lake as an indicator of bacterial penetration into eggs. Journal of Rapid Methods and Automation in Microbiology 4: 183-190.
KRAMPITZ, G. and WITT, W. (1979) Biochemical aspects of biomineralisation. Biochemistry: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 57-144.
KUHL, H.J. (2005) The economic and hygienic benefits of egg washing. Proceedings of the XIth European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products, Doorwerth, The Netherlands, pp. 233-236.
KUSUDA, S., IWASAWA, A., DOI, O., OHYA, Y. and YOSHIZAKI, N. (2011) Diversity of the cuticle layer of avian eggshells. Journal of Poultry Science 48: 119-124.
LAMMIE, D., BAIN, M.M. and WESS, T.J. (2005) Microfocus X-ray scattering investigations of eggshell nanotexture. Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 12: 721-726.
LANG, M.R. and WELLS, J.W. (1987) A review of eggshell pigmentation. World's Poultry Science Journal 43 (3): 238-246.
LAVELIN, I., MEIRI, N. and PINES, M. (2000) New insight in eggshell formation. Poultry Science 79: 1014-1017.
LELEU, S., MESSENS, W., DE REU, K., DE PRETER, S., HERMAN, S., HEYNDRICKX, M., DE BAERDEMAEKER, J., MICHIELS, C.W. and BAIN, M. (2011a) Effect of egg washing on the cuticle quality of brown and white table eggs. Journal of Food Protection 74 (10): 1649-1654.
LELEU, S., BAIN, M., HERMAN, L., HEYNDRICKX, M., DE BAERDEMAEKER, J., MICHIELS, C.W., PERIANU, C. and MESSENS, W. (2011b) The effect of microcracks and the presence of the cuticle on trans-shell penetration of table eggs by Salmonella Enteritidis. Proceedings of the European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products, Leipzig, Germany, 2011.
MACLEOD, N., BAIN, M. and HANCOCK, J. (2006) The mechanics and mechanisms of failure of hens’ eggs. International Journal of Fracture 142: 29-41.
MARTINEZ-DE LA PUENTE, J., MERINO, S., MORENO, J., TOMAS, G., MORALES, J., LOBATO, E., GARCIA-FRAILE, S. and MARTINEZ, J. (2007) Are eggshell spottiness and colour indicators of health and condition in blue tits Cyanistes caeruleus? Journal of Avian Biology 38: 377-384.
MAYES, F.J. and TAKEBALLI, M.A. (1983) Microbial contamination of the hen egg: a review. Journal of Food Protection 46: 1092-1098.
MEGAN, L., ROSE, H. and HINCKE, M.T. (2009) Protein constituents of the eggshell: eggshell-specific matrix proteins. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 66: 2707-2719.
MERTENS, K., VAESEN, I., LOFFEL, J., KEMPS, B., KAMERS, B., PERIANU, C., ZOONS, J., DARIUS, P., DECUYPERE, E., DE BAERDEMAEKER, J. and DE KETELAERE, B. (2010) The transmission colour value: A novel egg quality measure for recording shell colour used for monitoring the stress and health status of a brown layer flock. Poultry Science 89: 609-617.
MESSENS, W., GRIJSPEERDT, K., DE REU, K., DE KETELAERE, B., MERTENS, K., BAMELIS, F., KEMPS, B., DE BAERDEMAEKER, J., DECUYPERE, E. and HERMAN, L. (2007) Eggshell penetration of various types of hen's eggs by Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis. Journal of Food Protection 70: 623-628.
MESSENS, W., GRIJSPEERDT, K. and HERMAN, L. (2005) Eggshell characteristics and penetration by Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis through the production period of a layer flock. British Poultry Science 46: 694-700.
MIKSIK, I., CHARVATOVA, J., ECKHARDT, A. and DEYL, Z. (2003) Insoluble eggshell matrix proteins--their peptide mapping and partial characterisation by capillary electrophoresis and high-performance liquid chromatography. Electrophoresis 24 (5): 843-852.
MIKSIK, I., ECKHARDT, A., SEDLAKOVA, P. and MIKULIKOVA, K. (2007) Proteins of insoluble matrix of avian (Gallus gallus) eggshell. Connective Tissue Research 48: 1-8.
MIYAMOTO, T., HORIE, T., BABA, E., SASAI, K., FUKATA, T. and ARAKAWA, A. (1998) Salmonella penetration through eggshell associated with freshness of laid eggs and refrigeration. Journal of Food Protection 61: 350-353.
MORENO, J. and OSORNO, J.L. (2003) Avian egg colour and sexual selection: does eggshell pigmentation reflect female condition and genetic quality? Ecology Letters 6: 803-806.
NASCIMENTO, V.P., CRANSTOUN, S. and SOLOMON, S.E. (1992) Relationship between shell structure and moment of Salmonella Enteritidis across the eggshell wall. British Poultry Science 33: 37-48.
NASCIMENTO, V.P. and SOLOMON, S.E. (1991) The transfer of bacteria (Salmonella Enteritidis) across the eggshell wall of eggs classified as poor quality. Animal Technology 42: 157-165.
NYS, Y. and GAUTRON, J. (2007) Structure and Formation of the Eggshell, in: HUOPALAHTI, R., LOPEZ-FANDINO, R., ANTON, M. & SCHADE, R. (Eds) Bioactive Egg Compounds, pp. 99-102 (Springer Berlin Heidelberg).
NYS, Y. and GUYOT, N. (2011) Egg formation and chemistry, in: NYS, Y., BAIN, M. & IMMERSEEL, F.V. (Eds) Improving the safety and quality of eggs and egg products, Vol. 1, pp. 83-132 (Woodhead Publishing Limited).
NYS, Y., GAUTRON, J., GARCIA-RUIZ, J.M. and HINCKE, M.T. (2004) Avian eggshell mineralisation: biochemical and functional characterisation of matrix proteins. Comptes Rendus Palevol 3: 549-562.
NYS, Y., HINCKE, M., ARIAS, J.L. GARCIA-RUIZ, J.M. and SOLOMON, S.E. (1999) Avian eggshell mineralisation. Poultry and Avian Biology Reviews 10: 143-166.
NYS, Y., ZAWADZKI, J., GAUTRON, J. and MILLS, A.D. (1991) Whitening of brown-shelled eggs: mineral composition of uterine fluid and rate of protoporphyrin deposition. Poultry Science 70: 1236-1245.
PARK, C.M., HUNG, Y.C., LIN, C.S. and BRACKETT, R.E. (2005) Efficacy of electrolyzed water in inactivating Salmonella Enteritidis and Listeria monocytogenes on shell eggs. Journal of Food Protection 68 (5): 986-990.
PARSONS, A.H. (1982) Structure of the eggshell. Poultry Science 61: 2013-2021.
PEEBLES, E.D. and BRAKE, J. (1986) The role of the cuticle in water vapor conductance by the eggshell of broiler breeders. Poultry Science 65: 1034-1039.
PELLEGRINI, A., HULSMEIER, A.J., HUNZIKER, P. and THOMAS, U. (2004) Proteolytic fragments of ovalbumin display antimicrobial activity. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1672: 76-85.
RAHMAN, M.A., MORIYAMA, A., IWASAWA, A. and YOSHIZAKI, N. (2009) Cuticle formation in quail eggs. Zoological Science Japan 26: 496-499.
RICHARDS, P.D.G. and DEEMING, D.C. (2001) Correlation between shell colour and ultrastructure in pheasant eggs. British Poultry Science 42: 338-343.
ROBERTS, J.R., CHOUSALKAR, K. and SAMIULLAH (2013) Egg quality and age of laying hens: implications for product safety. Animal Production Science 53: 1291-1297.
RODRIGUEZ-NAVARRO, A., KALIN, O., NYS, Y. and GARCIA-RUIZ, J.M. (2002) Influence of the microstructure on the shell strength of eggs laid by hens of different ages. British Poultry Science 43: 395-403.
ROSE, M.L.H. and HINCKE, M.T. (2009) Protein constituents of the eggshell: eggshell-specific matrix proteins. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 66: 2707-2719.
ROSE-MARTEL, M., DU, J. and HINCKE, M.T. (2012) Proteomic analysis provides new insight into the chicken eggshell cuticle. Journal of Proteomics 75 (9): 2697-2706.
RUIZ, J. and LUNAM, C.A. (2000) Ultrastructural analysis of the eggshell: contribution of the individual calcified layers and the cuticle to hatchability and egg viability in broiler breeders. British Poultry Science 41: 584-592.
SAMIULLAH (2012) The eggshell quality of table eggs and how this affects food safety. Master of Rural Science Degree Thesis, University of New England Armidale NSW Australia.
SAMIULLAH, CHOUSALKAR, K.K., ROBERTS, J.R., SEXTON, M., MAY, D. and KIERMEIER, A. (2013) Effects of eggshell quality and washing on Salmonella Infantis penetration. International Journal of Food Microbiology 165: 77-83.
SAMIULLAH and ROBERTS, J.R. (2013) The location of protoporphyrin in the eggshell of brown shelled eggs. Poultry Science 92: 2783-2788.
SHEPHERD, J.H., MULVIHILL, E.R., THOMAS, P.S. and PALMITER, R.D. (1980) Commitment of chick oviduct tubular gland cells to produce ovalbumin mRNA during hormonal withdrawal and restimulation. Journal of Cell Biology 87: 142-151.
SILPHADUANG, U., HINCKE, M.T., NYS, Y. and MINE, Y. (2006) Antimicrobial proteins in chicken reproductive system. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 340: 648-655.
SIMONS, P.C.M. (1971) Ultrastructure of the hen eggshell and its physiological interpretation. Online retrieved from: http://edepot.wur.nl/194052.
SIMONS, P.C.M. and WIERTZ, G. (1963) Notes on the structure of membranes and shell in the hen egg: an electron microscopical study. Zeitschrift fur Zellforschung 59: 555-567.
SOLOMON, S.E. (1991) Egg and shell quality. Published by Wolfe publishing ltd. England. P. 149.
SOLOMON, S.E. (1992) Eggshell quality and microbial penetration. Poultry International, May, 1992, pp. 20-22.
SOLOMON, S.E., BAIN, M.M., CRANSTOUN, S. and NASCIMENTO, V. (1994) Hen's eggshell structure and function, in: BOARD, R.G. & FULLER, R. (Eds) Microbiology of the Avian Egg, pp. 1-24 (Springer US).
SPARKS, N.H.C. (1994) Shell accessory materials: structure and function, in: BOARD, R.G. & FULLER, R. (Eds) Microbiology of the Avian Egg, pp. 25-42 (Chapman and Hall London).
SPARKS, N.H.C. and BOARD, R.G. (1984) Cuticle, shell porosity and water intake through hen eggshells. British Poultry Science 25: 267-276.
SPARKS, N.H. and BOARD, R.G. (1985) Bacterial penetration of the recently oviposited shell of hens’ eggs. Australian Veterinary Journal 62: 169-170.
THOMPSON, M.B. and GOLDIE, K.N. (1990) Conductance and structure of eggs of Adelie penguins, Pygoscelis adeliae, and its implications for incubation. The Condor 92 (2): 304-312.
TULLETT, S.G. (1975) Regulation of avian eggshell porosity. Journal of Zoology 177: 339-348.
TULLETT, S.G. and BOARD, R.G. (1977) Determinants of avian eggshell porosity. Journal of Zoology 183: 203-211.
TULLETT, S.G., LUTZ, P.L. and BOARD, R.G. (1975) The fine structure of the pores in the shell of the hen's egg. British Poultry Science 16: 93-95.
TUNG, M.A., GARLAND, M.R. and GILL, P.K. (1979) A scanning electron microscope study of bacterial invasion in hen's eggshell. Canadian Institute of Food Science and Technology Journal 12: 16-22.
VADEHRA, D.V., BAKER, R.C. and NAYLOR, H.B. (1970) Role of cuticle in spoilage of chicken eggs. Journal of Food Science 35: 5-6.
VALENTI, P., ANTONINI, G., VON HUNOLSTEIN, C., VISCA, P., ORSI, N. and ANTONINI, E. (1983) Studies of the antimicrobial activity of ovotransferrin. International Journal of Tissue Reactions 5: 97-105.
WALKER, A.W. and HUGHES, B.O. (1998) Eggshell colour is affected by laying cage design. British Poultry Science 39: 696-699.
WANG, H. and SLAVIK, M.F. (1998) Bacterial penetration into eggs washed with various chemicals and stored at different temperatures and times. Journal of Food Protection 61 (3): 276-279.
WANGENSTEEN, O.D., WILSON, D. and RAHN, H. (1970) Diffusion of gases across the shell of the hen's egg. Respiration Physiology 11: 16-30.
WEDRAL, E.M., VADEHRA, D.U. and BAKER, R.C. (1974) Chemical composition of the cuticle and inner and outer membranes from eggs of Gallus gallus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 47B: 231-240.
WELLMAN-LABADIE, O., LEMAIRE, S., MANN, K., PICMAN, J. and HINCKE, M.T. (2010) Antimicrobial activity of lipophilic avian eggshell surface extracts. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58: 10156-10161.
WELLMAN-LABADIE, O., PICMAN, J. and HINCKE, M.T. (2008a) Antimicrobial activity of cuticle and outer eggshell protein extracts from three species of domestic birds. British Poultry Science 49 (2): 133-143.
WELLMAN-LABADIE, O., PICMAN, J. and HINCKE, M.T. (2008b) Antimicrobial activity of the anseriform outer eggshell and cuticle. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B 149: 640-649.
WESIERSKA, E., SALEH, Y., TRZISZKA, T., KOPEC, W. and SIEWINSKI, M. (2005) Antimicrobial activity of chicken egg white cystatin. World Journal of Biotechnology & Microbiology 22: 59-64.
WILLIAMS, J.E., DILLARD, L.H. and HALL, G.O. (1968) The penetration patterns of Salmonella Typhimurium through the outer structures of chicken eggs. Avian Diseases 12 (3): 445-466.
WILLIAMS, J.E. and WHITTEMORE, A.D. (1967) A method for studying microbial penetration through the outer structures of the avian egg. Avian Diseases 11: 467-490.
WYBURN, G.M., JOHNSTON, H.S., DRAPER, M.H. and DAVIDSON, M.F. (1973) The ultrastructure of the shell forming region of the oviduct and the development of the shell of Gallus domesticus. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Physiology 58: 143-151.
XING, J., WELLMAN-LABADIE, O., GAUTRON, J. and HINCKE, M.T. (2007) Recombinant eggshell ovocalyxin-32: Expression, purification and biological activity of the glutathione S-transferase fusion protein. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 147: 172-177