Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Comparison of 2,4-D, dicamba and halauxifen-methyl alone or in combination with glyphosate for preplant weed control

  • M. Carter Askew (a1), Charles W. Cahoon (a2), Alan C. York (a3), Michael L. Flessner (a4), David B. Langston (a5) and J. Harrison Ferebee (a1)...

Abstract

A field study was conducted in 2017 and 2018 to determine foliar efficacy of halauxifen-methyl, 2,4-D, or dicamba applied alone and in combination with glyphosate at preplant burndown timing. Experiments were conducted near Painter, VA; Rocky Mount, NC; Jackson, NC; and Gates, NC. Control of horseweed, henbit, purple deadnettle, cutleaf evening primrose, curly dock, purple cudweed, and common chickweed were evaluated. Halauxifen-methyl applied at 5 g ae ha−1 controlled small and large horseweed 89% and 79%, respectively, and was similar to control by dicamba applied at 280 g ae ha−1. Both rates of 2,4-D—533 g ae ha−1(low rate [LR]) or 1,066 g ae ha−1 (high rate [HR])—were less effective than halauxifen-methyl and dicamba for controlling horseweed. Halauxifen-methyl was the only auxin herbicide to control henbit (90%) and purple deadnettle (99%). Cutleaf evening primrose was controlled 74% to 85%, 51%, and 4% by 2,4-D, dicamba, and halauxifen-methyl, respectively. Dicamba and 2,4-D controlled curly dock 59% to 70% and were more effective than halauxifen-methyl (5%). Auxin herbicides applied alone controlled purple cudweed and common chickweed 21% or less. With the exception of cutleaf evening primrose (35%) and curly dock (37%), glyphosate alone provided 95% or greater control of all weeds evaluated. These experiments demonstrate halauxifen-methyl effectively (≥79%) controls horseweed, henbit, and purple deadnettle, whereas common chickweed, curly dock, cutleaf evening primrose, and purple cudweed control by the herbicide is inadequate (≤7%).

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Comparison of 2,4-D, dicamba and halauxifen-methyl alone or in combination with glyphosate for preplant weed control
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Comparison of 2,4-D, dicamba and halauxifen-methyl alone or in combination with glyphosate for preplant weed control
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Comparison of 2,4-D, dicamba and halauxifen-methyl alone or in combination with glyphosate for preplant weed control
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Charles W. Cahoon Jr., Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7620, Raleigh, NC 27695. (Email: cwcahoon@ncsu.edu)

Footnotes

Hide All

Associate Editor: Vipan Kumar, Kansas State University

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Anonymous (2018a) Elevore™ herbicide product label. Dow AgroSciences. Indianapolis, IN: http://www.cdms.net/ldat/ldE1J001.pdf. Accessed March 2, 2018.
Anonymous (2018b) Quelex™ herbicide product label. Dow AgroSciences. Indianapolis, IN: http://www.cdms.net/ldat/ldDBL000.pdf. Accessed: March 2, 2018.
Bhowmik, PC, Bekech, MM (1993) Horseweed (Conyza canadensis) seed production, emergence, and distribution in no-tillage and conventional-tillage corn (Zea mays). Agron Trends Agric Sci 1:6771
Bish, MD, Bradley, K (2015) Weed of the month: curly dock. https://ipm.missouri.edu/ipcm/2015/4/Weed-of-the-Month-Curly-Dock/. Accessed: March 25, 2019
Bruce, JA, Kells, JT (1990) Horseweed (Conyza canadensis) control in no-tillage soybeans (Glycine max) with preplant and preemergence herbicides. Weed Technol 4:642647
Budd, CM, Soltani, N, Robinson, DE, Hooker, DC, Mill, RT, Sikkema, P (2017) Efficacy of saflufenacil for control of glyphosate-resistant horseweed (Conyza canadensis) as affected by height, density, and time of day. Weed Sci 65:275284
Byker, HP, Soltani, N, Robinson, DE, Tardif, FJ, Lawton, MK, Sikkema, PH (2013) Control of glyphosate-resistant horseweed (Conyza canadensis) with dicamba applied preplant and postemergence in dicamba-resistant soybean. Weed Technol 27:492496
Clewis, SB, Jordan, DL, Spears, JF, Wilcut, JW (2007) Influence of environmental factors on cutleaf eveningprimrose (Oenothera laciniata) germination, emergence, development, vegetative growth, and control. Weed Sci 55:264272
Culpepper, AS, Carlson, DS, York, AC (2005) Pre-plant control of cutleaf eveningprimrose (Oenothera laciniata Hill) and wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum L.) in conservation tillage cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). J Cotton Sci 9:223228
Dunnett, CW (1955) A multicomparisons procedure for comparing several treatments with a control. J Am Stat Assoc 50:10961121
Epp, JB, Alexander, AL, Balko, TW, Buysse, AM, Brewster, WK, Bryan, K, Daeuble, JF, Fields, SC, Gast, RE, Green, RA, Irvine, NM, Lo, WC, Lowe, CR, Renga, JM, Richburg, JS, Ruiz, JM, Satchivi, NM, Schmitzer, PR, Siddall, TL, Webster, JD, Wimer, MR, Whiteker, GT, Yerkes, CN (2016) The discovery of Arylex™ active and Rinskor™ active: two novel auxin herbicides. Bioorgan Med Chem 24:362371
Eubank, TW, Nandula, VK, Poston, DH, Shaw, DR (2012) Multiple resistance of horseweed to glyphosate and paraquat and its control with paraquat and metribuzin combinations. Agron J 2012:385–370
Eubank, TW, Poston, DH, Nandula, VK, Koger, CH, Shaw, DR, Reynolds, DB (2008) Glyphosate-resistant horseweed (Conyza canadensis) control using glyphosate, paraquat, and glufosinate-based herbicide programs. Weed Technol 22:1621
Heap, I (2018) The international survey of herbicide resistant weeds. http://www.weedscience.org/Summary/Species.aspx?WeedID=61. Accessed: February 28, 2018
Koger, CH, Poston, DH, Hayes, RM, Montgomery, RF (2004) Glyphosate-resistant horseweed (Conyza canadensis) in Mississippi. Weed Technol 18:820825
Kruger, GR, Davis, VM, Weller, SC, Johnson, WG (2007) Investigating Indiana horseweed (Conyza canadensis) populations for response to 2,4-D. Page 101 in Proceedings of the 62nd Annual North Central Weed Science Society. Champaign, IL. Las Cruces, NM: North Central Weed Science Society
Kruger, GR, Davis, VM, Weller, SC, Johnson, WG (2010) Control of horseweed (Conyza canadensis) with growth regulator herbicides. Weed Technol 24:425429
Kruger, GR, Davis, VM, Weller, SC, Stachler, JM, Loux, MM, Johnson, WG (2009) Frequency, distribution, and characterization of horseweed biotypes with resistance to glyphosate and ALS-inhibiting herbicides. Weed Sci 57:652659
Loux, M, Stachler, J, Johnson, B, Nice, G, Davis, V, Nordby, D (2006) Biology and management of horseweed. Publication GWC-9. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue Extension
Main, CL, Mueller, TC, Hayes, RM, Wilkerson, JB (2004) Response of selected horseweed (Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq.) populations to glyphosate. J Agric Food Chem 52:879883
McCauley, CL, Young, B (2016) Control of glyphosate-resistant horseweed (Conyza canadensis) with halauxifen-methyl versus dicamba and 2,4-D. Page 37 in Proceedings of the 71st Annual North Central Weed Science Society, Des Moines, IA. Las Cruces, NM: North Central Weed Science Society
Mehlich, A (1984) Photometric determination of humic matter in soils, a proposed method. Commun Soil Sci Plan 15:14171422
Monning, N, Bradley, KW (2007) Influence of fall and early spring herbicide applications on winter and summer annual weed population in no-till soybean. Weed Technol 21:724731
Ross, MA, Childs, DJ (1996) Herbicide mode-of-action summary. https://www.extension.purdue.edu/extmedia/ws/ws-23-w.html. Accessed: November 18, 2018
Scott, R, Shaw, DR, Barrentine, WL (1998) Glyphosate tank mixtures with SAN 582 for burndown or postemergence applications in glyphosate-tolerant soybean (Glycine max). Weed Technol 12:2326
Smisek, A, Doucet, C, Jones, M, Weaver, SE (1998) Paraquat resistance in horseweed (Conyza canadensis) and Virginia pepperweed (Lepidium virginicum) from Essex County, Ontario. Weed Sci 46:200204
Steckel, LE, Gwathmey, CO (2009) Glyphosate-resistant horseweed (Conyza canadensis) growth, seed production, and interference in cotton. Weed Sci 57:346350
Steckel, L (2008) Cutleaf evening primrose (Oenothera laciniata Hill). https://extension.tennessee.edu/publications/Documents/W209.pdf. Accessed: November 2, 2018
Steckel, L (2018) New broadleaf herbicide options available in wheat. https://news.utcrops.com/2018/02/new-herbicide-options-broadleaf-weed-control-wheat/. Accessed: August 17, 2020
Trainer, GD, Loux, MM, Harrison, SK, Regnier, E (2005) Response of horseweed biotypes to foliar applications of cloransulam-methyl and glyphosate. Weed Technol 19:231236
Uva, RH, Neal, JC, DiTomaso, JM (1997) Weeds of the Northeast. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press
VanGessel, MJ (2001) Glyphosate-resistant horseweed from Delaware. Weed Science 49:703705
VanGessel, MJ, Scott, BA, Johnson, QR (2006) Paraquat-resistant horseweed identified in the mid-Atlantic states. Crop Manag 5:15
Vidrine, PR, Miller, DK, Sanders, DE, Scroggs, DM, Stewart, AM (2007) Controlling weeds in cotton. https://www.lsuagcenter.com/~/media/system/e/6/6/4/e664015324796f18eea141420974bc2c/pub2746weedsincotton2007final.pdf. Accessed: November 3, 2018
Weaver, SE (2001) The biology of Canadian weeds. 115. Conyza canadensis . Can J Plant Sci 81:867875
[WSSA] Weed Science Society of America (2018) Summary of herbicide mechanism of action according to WSSA. http://wssa.net/wp-content/uploads/WSSA-Mechanism-of-Action.pdf. Accessed: March 2, 2018
York, AC, Collins, G (2016) March is burndown time (York & Collins). https://cotton.ces.ncsu.edu/2016/03/march-is-burndown-time-york-collins/. Accessed: November 18, 2018
York, AC, Culpepper, AS (2005) Control of cutleaf eveningprimrose in conservation tillage cotton. Pages 2848–2849. in Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conference, Nashville, TN. Memphis, TN: National Cotton Council
Zheng, D, Kruger, GR, Singh, S, Davis, VM, Tranel, PJ, Weller, SC, Johnson, WG (2011) Cross resistance of horseweed (Conyza canadensis) populations with three different ALS mutations. Pest Manag Sci 67:14861492
Zimmer, M, Young, BG, Johnson, WG (2018a) Herbicide programs utilizing halauxifen-methyl for glyphosate-resistant horseweed (Conyza canadensis) control in soybean. Weed Technol 32:659664
Zimmer, M, Young, BG, Johnson, WG (2018b) Weed control with halauxifen-methyl applied alone and in mixtures with 2,4-D, dicamba, and glyphosate. Weed Technol 32:597602

Keywords

Comparison of 2,4-D, dicamba and halauxifen-methyl alone or in combination with glyphosate for preplant weed control

  • M. Carter Askew (a1), Charles W. Cahoon (a2), Alan C. York (a3), Michael L. Flessner (a4), David B. Langston (a5) and J. Harrison Ferebee (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.