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Spray Adjuvant, Formulation, and Environmental Effects on Synergism from Post-Applied Tank Mixtures of SAN 582H with Fluazifop-P, Imazethapyr, and Sethoxydim

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 June 2017

Robert C. Scott
Affiliation:
Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762
David R. Shaw*
Affiliation:
Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762
William B. O'neal
Affiliation:
BASF Corp., Greensboro, NC 27709
Troy D. Klingaman
Affiliation:
BASF Corp., Greensboro, NC 27709
*
Address correspondence to: David R. Shaw, Mississippi State University, Plant and Soil Sciences Department, Box 9555, Mississippi State, MS 39762, E-mail: dshaw@weedscience.msstate.edu.

Abstract

The effect of adding a spray adjuvant to SAN 582H tank mixtures with fluazifop-P, imazethapyr, and sethoxydim was evaluated. SAN 582H synergistically increased broadleaf signalgrass control with reduced rates of all three postemergence (POST) herbicides when no spray adjuvant was used and when crop oil concentrate was added. For example, broadleaf signalgrass control increased from 50% to 83% when SAN 582H was tank-mixed with 52 g ai/ha sethoxydim and crop oil concentrate. In another experiment, several formulations of SAN 582H, including blank solvent-only formulations (no SAN 582H), were evaluated in combination with a reduced rate of sethoxydim to determine the source of synergism from tank mixtures. The SAN 582H molecule, not the carrier solvents in formulated product, was determined to be the source of synergism. The synergistic properties of SAN 582H were compared to other chloroacetamides. Synergism from acetochlor was similar to SAN 582H when applied POST with a reduced rate of either fluazifop-P, imazethapyr, or sethoxydim for grass control. Metolachlor also synergistically increased the control of grasses with the POST herbicides; however, metolachlor caused considerable phytotoxicity when applied alone and synergistic interactions were detected less frequently. The efficacy of sethoxydim mixed with SAN 582H was evaluated under different soil moisture conditions. Broadleaf signalgrass control increased from 81% to 93% under dry, moisture-stressed conditions when 210 g/ha sethoxydim was tank- mixed with SAN 582H.

Type
Research
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 by the Weed Science Society of America 

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Footnotes

1

Journal article 9152 of the Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, Mississippi State University.

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