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Control of Triazine-Resistant Kochia (Kochia scoparia) in Conservation Tillage Corn (Zea mays)

  • Gail A. Wicks (a1), Alex R. Martin (a1) and Garold W. Mahnken (a1)

Abstract

Triazine-resistant (TR) kochia control with herbicides was evaluated in the greenhouse and in the field on ridge-till and ecofallow corn. In the greenhouse, bromoxynil, dicamba, linuron, and paraquat applied POST controlled TR kochia > 86%. Control of TR kochia with 2,4-D ester at 0.3 kg ae ha−1 varied with kochia biotype. In three ridge-till fields in 1985, atrazine plus fluorochloridone at 2.2 plus 0.6 kg ai ha−1 applied before planting plus a layby cultivation was the only treatment that reduced TR kochia biomass to < 750 kg ha−1. In 1986, atrazine plus dicamba at 2.2 plus 0.3 kg ha−1, atrazine plus fluorochloridone at 2.2 plus 0.3 or 0.6 kg ha−1 applied EPOST; atrazine at 2.2 kg ha−1 applied EPOST followed by an MPOST application of bromoxynil at 0.3 or 0.4 kg ha−1, or dicamba plus 2,4-D ester at 0.3 plus 0.3 kg ha−1; and an MPOST application of atrazine plus dicamba at 1.3 plus 0.5 kg ha−1, atrazine plus pyridate at 1.1 plus 1.0 kg ai ha−1, or pyridate plus cyanazine at 1.0 plus 1.7 kg ai ha−1 followed by a layby cultivation reduced kochia biomass to < 400 kg ha−1. In ecofallow corn, the only herbicide treatment that consistently controlled TR kochia > 95% 21 to 30 d after application was pyridate plus fluorochloridone at 1.0 plus 0.6 kg ha−1. Other treatments were less effective because kochia was too large or additional kochia emerged after application. When added to atrazine plus cyanazine, paraquat at 0.3 kg ai ha−1 plus dicamba was more effective than paraquat plus 2,4-D ester or paraquat alone in controlling TR kochia.

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References

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Keywords

Control of Triazine-Resistant Kochia (Kochia scoparia) in Conservation Tillage Corn (Zea mays)

  • Gail A. Wicks (a1), Alex R. Martin (a1) and Garold W. Mahnken (a1)

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