American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV-TR. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Baird, K, Kracen, AC (2006). Vicarious traumatization and secondary traumatic stress: A research synthesis. Counselling Psychology Quarterly 19, 181–188.
Beck, AT, Steer, RA, Brown, GK (1993). Manual for the Beck Anxiety Inventory. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Beck, AT, Steer, RA, Brown, GK (1996). Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory (2nd edn), San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Becker, CB, Zayfert, C, Anderson, E (2004). A survey of psychologists’ attitudes towards and utilization of exposure therapy for PTSD. Behaviour Research and Therapy 42, 277–292.
Bentall, RP, Wickham, S, Shevlin, M, Varese, F (2012). Do specific early-life adversities lead to specific symptoms of psychosis? Schizophrenia Bulletin 38, 734–740.
Bernstein, EM, Putnam, FW (1986). Development, reliability, and validity of a dissociation scale. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 174, 727–735.
Blake, DD, Weathers, FW, Nagy, LM, Kaloupek, DG, Gusman, FD, Charney, DS, Keane, TM (1995). The development of a clinician-administered PTSD scale. Journal of Traumatic Stress 8, 75–90.
Carlson, EB, Putnam, FW (1993). An update on the Dissociative Experiences Scale. Dissociation 1, 1.
Cloitre, M, Courtois, CA, Charuvastra, A, Carapezza, R, Stolbach, BC, Green, BL (2011). Treatment of complex PTSD: results of the ISTSS Expert Clinician Survey on best practice. Journal of Traumatic Stress 24, 615–627.
Creamer, M, Bell, R, Faillan, S (2003). Psychometric properties of the Impact of Event Scale – Revised. Behavioural Research and Therapy 4, 1489–1496.
de Bont, M, van den Berg, DP, van der Vleugel, BM (2013a). Multi-site single blind clinical study to compare the effects of prolonged exposure, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing and waiting list on patients with a current diagnosis of psychosis and comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder: study protocol for the randomized controlled trial Treating Trauma in Psychosis (T-TIP). Trials 14, 151. https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-14-151
de Bont, PA, van Minnen, A, de Jongh, A (2013b). Treating PTSD in patients with psychosis: a within-group controlled feasibility study examining the efficacy and safety of evidence-based PE and EMDR protocols. Behaviour Therapy 44, 717–730.
Drake, R, Haddock, G, Tarrier, N, Bentall, R, Lewis, S (2007). The Psychotic symptom rating scales (PSYRATS): their usefulness and properties in first episode psychosis. Schizophrenia Research 89, 119–122.
Ehlers, A, Clark, DM (2000). A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy 38, 319–345.
Foa, EB, Hembree, EA, Rothbaum, BO (2007). Prolonged Exposure Therapy for PTSD: Emotional Processing of Traumatic Experiences. Therapist Guide. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Foa, EB, Tolin, DF (2000). Comparison of the PTSD Symptom Scale-Interview Version and the Clinician-Administered PTSD scale. Journal of Traumatic Stress 13, 181–191.
Frueh, BC, Grubaugh, AL, Cusack, KJ, Kimble, MO, Elhai, JD, Knapp, RG (2009). Exposure-based cognitive-behavioral treatment of PTSD in adults with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder: a pilot study. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 23, 665–675.
Greenwood, KE, Sweeney, A, Williams, S, Garety, P, Kuipers, E, Scott, J, Peters, E (2010). Choice of outcome in CBT for psychosis (CHOICE): the development of a new service-user led outcome measure of CBT for psychosis. Schizophrenia Bulletin 36, 126–135.
Horowitz, M, Wilner, N, Alvarez, W (1979). Impact of Event Scale: a measure of subjective stress. Psychosomatic Medicine 41, 209–218.
Hovens, JE, Van Der Ploeg, HM, Klaarenbeek, MTA, Bramsen, I, Schreuder, JN, Rivero, VV (1994). The assessment of posttraumatic stress dsorder with the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale: Dutch results. Journal of Clinical Psychology 50, 325–340.
Howgego, IM, Owen, C, Meldrum, L, Yellowlees, P, Dark, F, Parslow, R (2005). Post-traumatic stress disorder: an exploratory study examining rates of trauma and PTSD and its effects on client outcomes in community mental health. BMC Psychiatry 5, 21.
Johnson, LD, Duncan, BL, Miller, SD, Spark, JA, Claud, DA, Reynolds, LR, Brown, J (2003). The Session Rating Scale: preliminary psychometric properties of a ‘working’ alliance measure. Journal of Brief Therapy 3.
Krakow, B, Zadra, A (2010). Imagery rehearsal therapy: principles and practice. Elsevier Sleep Medicine Clinics 5, 289–298.
Lowe, C, Murray, C (2014). Adult service-users’ experiences of trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 44. doi: 10.1007/s10879-014-9272-1
Meyer, JM, Farrell, NR, Kemp, JJ, Blakey, SM, Deacon, BJ (2014). Why do clinicians exclude anxious clients from exposure therapy? Behaviour Research and Therapy 54, 49–53.
Morrison, AP, Frame, L, Larkin, W (2003). Relationships between trauma and psychosis: a review and integration. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 42, 331–353.
Mueser, KT, Rosenberg, SD, Fox, L, Salyers, MP, Ford, JD, Carty, P (2001). Psychometric evaluation of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder assessments in persons with severe mental illness. Psychological Assessment 13, 110–117.
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) (2005). Post-traumatic stress disorder: management. Clinical guideline [CG26].
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) (2014). Psychosis and schizophrenia in adults: prevention and management. Clinical guideline [CG178].
NHS England, the National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health and the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (2016). Implementing the Early Intervention in Psychosis Access and Waiting Time Standard: Guidance. NHS England Publications Gateway reference 04294.
Nugter, MA, Engelsbel, F, Bähler, M, Keet, R, van Veldhuizen, R (2015). Outcomes of Flexible Assertive Community Treatment (FACT) implementation: a prospective real life study. Community Mental Health Journal 52, 898–907.
Phillips, KFV, Power, MJ (2007). A new self-report measure of emotion regulation in adolescents: the Regulation of Emotions Questionnaire. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy 14, 145–156.
Power, MJ (2006). The structure of emotion: an empirical comparison of six models. Cognition and Emotion 20, 694–713.
Power, M, Fyvie, C (2013). The role of emotions in PTSD: two preliminary studies. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 41, 162–172.
Raskind, MA, Peterson, K, Williams, T, Hoff, DJ, Hart, K, Holmes, H, Homas, D, Hill, J, Daniels, C, Calohan, J, Millard, SP, Rohde, K, O'Connell, J, Pritzl, D, Feiszli, K, Petrie, EC, Gross, C, Mayer, CL, Freed, MC, Engel, C, Peskind, ER (2013). A trial of prazosin for combat trauma PTSD with nightmares in active-duty soldiers returned from Iraq and Afghanistan. American Journal of Psychiatry 170, 1003–1010.
Read, J, Perry, BD, Moskowitz, A, Connolly, A (2001). The contribution of early traumatic events to schizophrenia in some patients: a traumagenic neurodevelopmental model. Psychiatry 64, 319–345.
Shapiro, F (2001). Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: Basic Principles, Protocols and Procedures (2nd edn). New York: Guilford Press.
Sitko, K, Bentall, RP, Shevlin, M, O'Sullivan, N, Sellwood, W (2014). Associations between specific psychotic symptoms and specific childhood adversities are mediated by attachment styles: an analysis of the National Comorbidity Survey. Psychiatry Research 217, 202–209.
Spinazzola, J, Ford, JD, Zucker, M, van der Kolk, BA, Silva, S, Smith, SF, Blaustein, M (2005). Survey evaluates complex trauma exposure, outcome, and intervention among children and adolescents. Psychiatric Annals 35, 433–439.
Thomas, N, Hayward, M, Peters, E, van der Gaag, M, Bentall, RP, Jenner, J, Strauss, C, Sommer, IE, Johns, LC, Varese, F, Garcia-Montes, JM, Waters, F, Dodgson, G, McCarthy-Jones, S (2014). Psychological therapies for auditory hallucinations (voices): current status and key directions for future research. Schizophrenia Bulletin 40, S202–212. doi:10.1093/schbul/sbu037
van den Berg, DP, van der Gaag, M (2012). Treating trauma in psychosis with EMDR: a pilot study. Journal of Behavioural Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 43, 664–671.
van den Berg, DPG, van der Vleugel, BM, Staring, ABP, De Bont, PAJ, de Jongh, A (2013). EMDR in psychosis: guidelines for conceptualization and treatment. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research 7, 208–224. https://doi.org/10.1891/1933-3220.127.116.11
Varese, F, Smeets, F, Drukker, M, Lieverse, R, Lataster, T, Viechtbauer, W, Read, J, van Os, J, Bentall, R (2012). Childhood adversities increase the risk of psychosis: a meta-analysis of patient-control, prospective- and cross-sectional cohort studies. Schizophrenia Bulletin 38, 661–671. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbs0505
Watts, BV, Schnurr, PP, Mayo, L, Young-Xu, Y, Weeks, WB, Friedman, MJ (2013). Meta-analysis of the efficacy of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 74, e541–550. doi: 10.4088/JCP.12r08225
Weiss, DS, Marmar, CR (1997). The Impact of Event Scale-Revised, in Wilson, JP and Keane, TM (eds), Assessing Psychological Trauma and PTSD: A Practitioner's Handbook, pp. 399–411. New York: Guilford Press.