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Victimisation in adults with severe mental illness: Prevalence and risk factors

  • Liselotte D. de Mooij (a1), Martijn Kikkert (a1), Nick M. Lommerse (a1), Jaap Peen (a1), Sabine C. Meijwaard (a1), Jan Theunissen (a2), Pim W. R. A. Duurkoop (a1), Anna E. Goudriaan (a3), Henricus L. Van (a4), Aartjan T. F. Beekman (a5) and Jack J. M. Dekker (a6)...

Abstract

Background

Patients with a severe mental illness (SMI) are more likely to experience victimisation than the general population.

Aims

To examine the prevalence of victimisation in people with SMI, and the relationship between symptoms, treatment facility and indices of substance use/misuse and perpetration, in comparison with the general population.

Method

Victimisation was assessed among both randomly selected patients with SMI (n = 216) and the general population (n=10 865).

Results

Compared with the general population, a high prevalence of violent victimisation was found among the SMI group (22.7% v. 8.5%). Compared with out-patients and patients in a sheltered housing facility, in-patients were most often victimised (violent crimes: 35.3%; property crimes: 47.1%). Risk factors among the SMI group for violent victimisation included young age and disorganisation, and risk factors for property crimes included being an in-patient, disorganisation and cannabis use. The SMI group were most often assaulted by someone they knew.

Conclusions

Caregivers should be aware that patients with SMI are at risk of violent victimisation. Interventions need to be developed to reduce this vulnerability.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

L. D. de Mooij, Arkin Department of Research, Klaprozenweg 111, 1033 NN Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Email: Liselotte.de.Mooij@Arkin.nl

Footnotes

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Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes

References

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Victimisation in adults with severe mental illness: Prevalence and risk factors

  • Liselotte D. de Mooij (a1), Martijn Kikkert (a1), Nick M. Lommerse (a1), Jaap Peen (a1), Sabine C. Meijwaard (a1), Jan Theunissen (a2), Pim W. R. A. Duurkoop (a1), Anna E. Goudriaan (a3), Henricus L. Van (a4), Aartjan T. F. Beekman (a5) and Jack J. M. Dekker (a6)...
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