1Thomas, R, Sanders, S, Doust, J, Beller, E, Glasziou, P. Prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Pediatrics 2015; 135(4): e994–1001.
2Riglin, L, Collishaw, S, Thapar, AK, Dalsgaard, S, Langley, K, Smith, GD, et al. Association of genetic risk variants with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder trajectories in the general population. JAMA Psychiatry 2016; 73(12): 1285–92.
3Dalsgaard, S, Mortensen, PB, Frydenberg, M, Thomsen, PH. Long-term criminal outcome of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Crim Behav Ment Health 2013; 23(2): 86–98.
4Dalsgaard, S, Ostergaard, SD, Leckman, JF, Mortensen, PB, Pedersen, MG. Mortality in children, adolescents, and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a nationwide cohort study. Lancet 2015; 385(9983): 2190–6.
5Ljung, T, Chen, Q, Lichtenstein, P, Larsson, H. Common etiological factors of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and suicidal behavior: a population-based study in Sweden. JAMA Psychiatry 2014; 71(8): 958–64.
6Ottosen C, LJ, Faraone, SV, Chen, Q, Hartman, C, Larsson, H, Petersen, L, et al. Sex differences in comorbidity patterns of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019; 58(4): 412–22.e3.
7James, A, Lai, FH, Dahl, C. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and suicide: a review of possible associations. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2004; 110(6): 408–15.
8Yoshimasu, K, Barbaresi, WJ, Colligan, RC, Voigt, RG, Killian, JM, Weaver, AL, et al. Psychiatric comorbidities modify the association between childhood ADHD and risk for suicidality: a population-based longitudinal study. J Atten Disord 2019; 23(8): 777–86.
9Pedersen, CB. The Danish Civil Registration System. Scand J Public Health 2011; 39(suppl 7): 22–5.
10Ottosen, C, Petersen, L, Larsen, JT, Dalsgaard, S. Gender differences in associations between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and substance use disorder. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2016; 55(3): 227–34 e4.
11World Health Organisation. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 8th revision. WHO, 1965.
12World Health Organisation. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th revision. WHO, 2007.
13Hawton, K, van Heeringen, K. Suicide. Lancet 2009; 373(9672): 1372–81.
14Miller, M, Sheridan, M, Cardoos, SL, Hinshaw, SP. Impaired decision-making as a young adult outcome of girls diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in childhood. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 2013; 19(1): 110–4.
15Meza, JI, Owens, EB, Hinshaw, SP. Response inhibition, peer preference and victimization, and self-harm: longitudinal associations in young adult women with and without ADHD. J Abnorm Child Psychol 2016; 44(2): 323–34.
16Humphreys, KL, Lee, SS. Risk taking and sensitivity to punishment in children with ADHD, ODD, ADHD + ODD, and controls. J Psychopathol Behav Assess 2011; 33(3): 299–307.
17Barry, TD, Lyman, RD, Klinger, LG. Academic underachievement and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: the negative impact of symptom severity on school performance. J Sch Psychol 2002; 40(3): 259–83.
18Lackschewitz, H, Hüther, G, Kröner-Herwig, B. Physiological and psychological stress responses in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Psychoneuroendocrinology 2008; 33(5): 612–24.
19Jablonska, B, Lindblad, F, Ostberg, V, Lindberg, L, Rasmussen, F, Hjern, A. A national cohort study of parental socioeconomic status and non-fatal suicidal behaviour–the mediating role of school performance. BMC Public Health 2012; 12: 17.
20Dalsgaard, S, Mortensen, PB, Frydenberg, M, Thomsen, PH. Conduct problems, gender and adult psychiatric outcome of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Br J Psychiatry 2002; 181: 416–21.
21Webb, RT, Qin, P, Stevens, H, Mortensen, PB, Appleby, L, Shaw, J. National study of suicide in all people with a criminal justice history. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2011; 68(6): 591–9.
22Lan, WH, Bai, YM, Hsu, JW, Huang, KL, Su, TP, Li, CT, et al. Comorbidity of ADHD and suicide attempts among adolescents and young adults with bipolar disorder: a nationwide longitudinal study. J Affect Disord 2015; 176: 171–5.
23Culpin, I, Mars, B, Pearson, RM, Golding, J, Heron, J, Bubak, I, et al. Autistic traits and suicidal thoughts, plans, and self-harm in late adolescence: population-based cohort study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2018; 57(5): 313–20.e6.
24Qin, P, Nordentoft, M. Suicide risk in relation to psychiatric hospitalization: evidence based on longitudinal registers. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2005; 62(4): 427–32.
25Helweg-Larsen, K, Kjøller, M, Juel, K, Sundaram, V, Laursen, B, Kruse, M, et al. Selvmord i Danmark: Markant fald, men stigende antal selvmordsforsøg - hvorfor? Statens Institut for Folkesundhed, 2006.
26Hawton, K, Witt, KG, Taylor Salisbury, TL, Arensman, E, Gunnell, D, Townsend, E, et al. Interventions for self-harm in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015; 12: CD012013.
27Chen, Q, Sjolander, A, Runeson, B, D'Onofrio, BM, Lichtenstein, P, Larsson, H. Drug treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and suicidal behaviour: register based study. BMJ 2014; 348: g3769.