Davis, A., Faust, R. & Ordenlicht, M. (1984) Self-help smoking cessation and maintenance programs: a comparative study with 12 months follow-up by the American Lung Association. American Journal of Public Health, 74, 1212–1217.
DiClemente, C. C. & Prochaska, J. (1982) Self-change and therapy change of smoking behaviour: a comparison of processes of change in cessation and maintenance. Addictive Behaviors, 7, 133–142.
Gossop, M. (1989) The detoxification of high dose heroin addicts in Pakistan. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 24, 143–150.
Gossop, M., Johns, A. & Green, L. (1986) Opiate withdrawal: inpatient versus outpatient programmes and preferred versus random assignment to treatment. British Medical Journal, 293, 103–104.
Gossop, M., Green, L., Phillips, G., et al (1989a) Lapse, relapse and survival among opiate addicts after treatment: a prospective follow-up study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 348–353.
Gossop, M., Griffiths, P., Bradley, B., et al (1989b) Opiate withdrawal symptoms in response to 10-day and 21-day methadone withdrawal programmes. British Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 360–363.
Green, L. & Gossop, M. (1988) Effects of information on the opiate withdrawal syndrome. British Journal of Addiction, 83, 305–309.
Hunt, W., Harnett, L. & Branch, L. (1971) Relapse rates in addiction programmes. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 27, 455–456.
Marlatt, A. & Gordon, J. (1985) Relapse Prevention. New York: Guilford Press.
Orford, J. (1986) Excessive Appetites: A Psychological View of Addictions. Chichester: Wiley.
Pederson, L. & Lepcoe, N. (1976) A psychological and behavioral comparison of ex-smokers and smokers. Journal of Chronic Diseases, 29, 431–434.
Ray, M. B. (1964) The cycle of abstinence and relapse among heroin addicts. In The Other Side: Perspectives on Deviance (ed. Becker, H.). New York: Free Press.
Robertson, I. & Heather, N. (1985) So You Want to Cut Down Your Drinking? A Self-help Guide to Sensible Drinking. Edinburgh: Scottish Health Education Group.
Saunders, W. & Kershaw, P. (1979) Spontaneous remission from alcoholism – a community study. British Journal of Addiction, 74, 251–256.
Schachter, S. (1982) Recidivism and self-cure of smoking and obesity. American Psychologist, 37, 436–444.
Schasre, R. (1966) Cessation patterns among neophyte heroin users. International Journal of the Addictions, 1, 23–32.
Stall, R. (1983) Spontaneous remission from problem drinking in the bluegrass region of Kentucky. Journal of Drug Issues, 13, 191–206.
Stall, R. & Biernacki, P. (1986) Spontaneous remission from the problematic use of substances: an inductive model derived from a comparative analysis of the alcohol, opiate, tobacco, and food/obesity literatures. International Journal of the Addictions, 21, 1–23.
Stimson, G. V., Alldritt, L., Dolan, K., et al (1988) Syringe exchange schemes for drug users in England and Scotland. British Medical Journal, 296, 1717–1719.
Tuchfeld, B. (1981) Spontaneous remission in alcoholics: empirical observations and theoretical implications. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 42, 626–641.
US Surgeon General (1988) The Health Consequences of Smoking: Nicotine Addiction. Rockville: US Dept of Health and Human Services.