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Manchester and Oxford Universities Scale for the Psychopathological Assessment of Dementia (MOUSEPAD)

  • N. H. P. Allen (a1), Sheila Gordon (a1), Tony Hope (a2) and Alistair Burns (a1)



There is increasing awareness of the importance of psychopathological and behavioural changes in dementia and a need for an instrument to measure these features which achieves an appropriate compromise between brevity and breadth. We describe a newly developed 59-item instrument: the MOUSEPAD.


Reliability, sensitivity and validity were examined with 30 carers, each of whom was interviewed four times over six weeks.


For different symptom groups, kappa ranged from 0.43 to 0.93 for test–retest reliability, from 0.56 to 1.0 for inter-rater reliability, and from 0.43 to 0.67 for the validation study.


The scale may be useful as an outcome measure in drug trials, for correlating psychopathological and behavioural changes with post-mortem findings, and in epidemiological surveys.


Corresponding author

Dr N. H. P. Allen, Consultant Psychiatrist for the Elderly, Central Manchester Healthcare NHS Trust, Psychiatry Directorate, York House, York Place, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9WL


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Manchester and Oxford Universities Scale for the Psychopathological Assessment of Dementia (MOUSEPAD)

  • N. H. P. Allen (a1), Sheila Gordon (a1), Tony Hope (a2) and Alistair Burns (a1)
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