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Ethnicity, social deprivation and psychological distress in adolescents: School-based epidemiological study in east London

  • Stephen A. Stansfeld (a1), Mary M. Haines (a1), Jenny A. Head (a2), Kamaldeep Bhui (a3), Russell Viner (a4), Stephanie J. C. Taylor (a5), Sheila Hillier (a6), Emily Klineberg (a3) and Robert Booy (a7)...

Extract

Background

In adults the prevalence of psychological distress varies in different ethnic groups, and this has been explained by differences in socio-economic status. Is this also the case in adolescents?

Aims

To examine whether ethnic differences in prevalence of psychological distress in adolescents are associated with social deprivation.

Method

A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was used to assess 2790 male and female pupils, aged 11–14 years, from a representative sample of 28 east London secondary schools.

Results

Rates of psychological distress were similar to rates in UK national samples in boys and girls. Bangladeshi pupils, although highly socially disadvantaged, had a lower risk of psychological distress (OR=0.63, 95% CI 0.4–0.9). Non-UK White girls had higher rates of depressive symptoms (OR=1.54, 95% C11.1–2.2).

Conclusions

High rates of depressive symptoms in non-UK White girls may be related to recent migration. Low rates of psychological distress in Bangladeshi pupils in this sample relative to White pupils, despite socio-economic disadvantage, could be associated with cultural protective factors that require further investigation.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Professor Stephen Stansfeld, Department of Psychiatry, Barts and The London, Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary, University of London, Medical Sciences Building, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK. Tel: +44(0)207 882 7727; fax: +44(0)207 882 7924; e-mail: s.a.stansfeld@qmul.ac.uk

Footnotes

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Declaration of interest

None. Funding detailed in. Acknowledgements.

Footnotes

References

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Ethnicity, social deprivation and psychological distress in adolescents: School-based epidemiological study in east London

  • Stephen A. Stansfeld (a1), Mary M. Haines (a1), Jenny A. Head (a2), Kamaldeep Bhui (a3), Russell Viner (a4), Stephanie J. C. Taylor (a5), Sheila Hillier (a6), Emily Klineberg (a3) and Robert Booy (a7)...

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Ethnicity, social deprivation and psychological distress in adolescents: School-based epidemiological study in east London

  • Stephen A. Stansfeld (a1), Mary M. Haines (a1), Jenny A. Head (a2), Kamaldeep Bhui (a3), Russell Viner (a4), Stephanie J. C. Taylor (a5), Sheila Hillier (a6), Emily Klineberg (a3) and Robert Booy (a7)...
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