American Psychiatric Association (1980) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd edn) . Washington, DC: APA.
Avery, D. & Winokur, G. (1977) The efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy and antidepressants in depression. Biological Psychiatry, 12, 507–523.
Dornbush, R. L. & Williams, M. (1974) Memory and ECT. Psychobiology of Convulsive Therapy (eds Fink, M., Kety, S., McGough, J.
et al). Washington, DC: V. H. Winston and Sons.
Folstein, M. F., Folstein, E. & McHugh, P. R. (1975) Mini-mental state: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189–198.
Gaspar, D. & Samarasinghe, L. A. (1982) ECT in psychogeriatric practice – a study of risk factors, indications and outcome. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 23, 170–175.
Heshe, J., Roeder, E. & Theilvarrd, A. (1978) Unilateral and bilateral ECT: a psychiatric and psychological study of therapeutic effects and of the side effects. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Suppl. 275, 1–180.
Hollister, L. E. (1978) Treatment of depression with drugs, Annals of Internal Medicine, 89, 78–84.
Jenike, M. A. (1985) Monoamine oxidase inhibitors as treatment for depressed patients with primary degenerative dementia (Alzheimer's disease). American Journal of Psychiatry, 142, 763–764.
Kral, V. A. (1983) The relationship between senile dementia (Alzheimer type) and depression. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 28, 304–306.
Lipsey, J. R., Robinson, R. G., Pearlson, G. D.
et al (1984) Nortriptyline treatment of post-stroke depression: a double blind study. The Lancet, i, 297–300.
McAllister, T. W. (1983) Overview: pseudodementia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 140, 528–533.
McAllister, T. W. & Price, T. R. P. (1982) Severe depressive pseudodementia with and without dementia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 139, 626–629.
Post, F. & Shulman, K. (1985) New views on old age affective disorders. In Recent Advances in Psychogeriatrics (ed. Arie, T.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
Rabins, P. V., Merchant, A. & Nestadt, G. (1984) Criteria for diagnosing reversible dementia caused by depression. British Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 488–492.
Reifler, B. V. (1986) Mixed cognitive-affective disturbances in the elderly: a new classification. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 47, 354–356.
Reifler, B. V., Larson, E. & Hanley, R. (1982) Coexistence of cognitive impairment and depression in geriatric outpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 139, 623–626.
Rovner, B. W., Kafonek, S., Filipp, L.
et al (1986) Prevalence of mental illness in a community nursing home. American Journal of Psychiatry, 143, 1446–1449.
Scovern, A. W. & Kilmann, P. R. (1980) Status of ECT: a review of the outcome literature. Psychological Bulletin, 87, 260–303.
Stromgren, L. S. (1973) Unilateral vs bilateral electroconvulsive therapy. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Suppl. 240, 8–65.
Tindale, J. & Ancill, R. J. (1987) A geriatric psychiatry nurse rating scale. Gerontion, 2, 11–13.
Wamboldt, M. Z., Kalin, N. H. & Weiler, S. J. (1985) Consistent reversal of abnormal DSTs after different antidepressant therapies in a patient with dementia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 142, 100–103.
Weiner, R. D. (1982) The role of electroconvulsive therapy in the treatment of depression in the elderly. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 30, 710–712.