Addington, D., Addington, J. & Maticka-Tyndale, E. (1993) Assessing depression in schizophrenia: the Calgary Depression Scale. British Journal of Psychiatry, 163 (suppl. 22), 39–44.
Addington, D., Addington, J. & Patten, S. (1998) Depression in people with first-episode schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 172 (supp. 33), 90–92.
Andreason, N. C. (1982) Negative symptoms of schizophrenia: definition and reliability. Archives of General Psychiatry, 39, 784–788.
And reason, N. C. (1986) The Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS). Iowa City: University of Iowa.
Beck, A. T. (1967) Depression: Clinical, Experimental and Theoretical Aspects. New York: Harper and Row.
Birchwood, M. J. & Iqbal, Z. (1998) Depression and suicidal thinking in psychosis: a cognitive approach. In Outcomes and Innovation in Psychological Management of Schizophrenia (Wykes, T., Tarrier, N. & Lewis, S.), pp. 81–100. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Birchwood, M. J., Smith, J., Macmillan, J. F., et al (1989) Predicting relapse in schizophrenia: the development of an ‘early signs’ monitoring system using patients and families as observers. Psychological Medicine, 19, 649–656.
Birchwood, M. J., Mason, R., Macmillan, F., et al (1993) Depression, demoralisation and control over psychotic illness: a comparison of depressed and non-depressed patients with a chronic psychosis. Psychological Medicine, 23, 387–395.
Birchwood, M. J., Smith, J., Drury, V., et al (1994) A self-report insight scale for psychosis: reliability, validity and sensitivity to change. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 89, 62–67.
Birchwood, M. J., Spencer, E. & McGovern, D. (2000a) Schizophrenia: early warning signs. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 6, 93–101.
Birchwood, M. J., Iqbal, Z., Chadwick, P., et al (2000b) Cognitive approach to depression and suicidal thinking in psychosis. I. Ontogeny of post-psychotic depression. British Journal of Psychiatry, 177, 516–521.
Blatt, S. J., D'Afflitti, P. & Quinlan, D. M. (1976) Experience of depression in normal young adults. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 85, 383–389.
Bleuler, E. (1950) Dementia Praecox or the Group of Schizophrenias, 1911 (English translation: Zinkin, J.). New York: International Universities Press.
British Medical Association & Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain (1996) British National Formulary. London: BMA & Pharmaceutical Press.
Brown, G. W., Bifulco, A. & Andrews, B. (1990) Self-esteem and depression. IV. Effect on course and recovery. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 25, 244–249.
Chadwick, P. D., Birchwood, M. & Trower, P. (1996) Cognitive Therapy for Delusions, Voices and Paranoia. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Crown, S., Lucas, C. J., Stringer, P., et al (1977) Personality correlates of study difficulty and academic performance in universitystudents. II: Conscience and self-esteem. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 50, 275–281.
Davidson, I. & Strauss, J. S. (1992) Sense of self in recovery from severe mental illness. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 65, 131–145.
Drake, R. E., Gates, C. & Cotton, T. (1986) Suicide among schizophrenics: a comparison of attempters and completed suicides. British Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 784–787.
Drury, V., Birchwood, M., Cochrane, R., et al (1996) Cognitive therapy and recovery from acute psychosis: a controlled trial. I. Impact on psychotic symptoms. British Journal of Psychiatry, 169, 593–601.
Gilbert, P. (1992) Depression: The Evolution of Powerlessness. Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Gilbert, P. (1995) Power, social rank and depression: comments on Price and Gardner. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 68, 211–215.
Hirsch, S. R. & Jolley, A. G. (1989) The dysphoric syndrome in schizophrenia and its implications for relapse. British Journal of Psychiatry, 155 (suppl. 5), 46–50.
Lazarus, R. & Folkman, J. (1984) Stress, Appraisal and Coping. New York: Springer.
Leff, J. (1990) Depressive symptoms in the course of schizophrenia. In Depression in Schizophrenia (ed. DeLisi, L. E.), pp. 3–23. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
Leff, J., Tress, A. & Edwards, B. (1988) The clinical course of depressive symptoms in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 1, 25–30.
Marcus, H. & Nurius, P. (1986) Possible selves. American Psychologist, 41, 954–969.
Marcus, H. & Wurf, E. (1987) The dynamic self-concept: a social psychological perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 38, 299–337.
Mortensen, P. B. & Juel, K. (1993) Mortality and causes of death in first admitted schizophrenic patients. British Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 183–189.
Ogilvie, D. M. (1987) The undesired self: a neglected variable in personality research. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 379–385.
Rooke, O. & Birchwood, M. (1998) Loss, humiliation and entrapment as appraisals of schizophrenic illness: a prospective study of depressed and non-depressed patients. British Journal of Psychology, 37, 259–268.
Rosenberg, M. (1965) Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Roy, A. (1981) Depression in the course of chronic undifferentiated schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 38, 296–297.
Roy, A. (1986) Suicide in schizophrenia. In Suicide (ed. Roy, A.), pp 97–112. Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins.
Siris, S. G. (1995) Depression and schizophrenia. In Schizophrenia (eds Hirsch, S. R. & Weinberger, D. R.), pp. 128–145. Oxford: Blackwell.
Van Putten, T. & May, P. (1978) ‘Akinetic depression’ in schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 35, 1101–1107.
Williams, J. M. G. (1992) The Psychological Treatment of Depression. London: Routledge.
Wojcik, J. D., Gelenberg, A. J., LaBrie, R. A., et al (1980) Prevalence of tardive dyskinesia in an outpatient population. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 21, 370–380.
World Health Organization (1992) The Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD–10). Geneva: WHO.
Zuroff, D. C., Moskowitz, D. S. & Cote, S. (1999) Dependency, self-criticism, interpersonal behaviour and affect: evolutionary perspectives. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 38, 231–250.