1Linscott, RJ, van Os, J. An updated and conservative systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological evidence on psychotic experiences in children and adults: on the pathway from proneness to persistence to dimensional expression across mental disorders. Psychol Med 2013; 43: 1133–49.
2McGrath, JJ, Saha, S, Al-Hamzawi, A, Alonso, J, Bromet, EJ, Bruffaerts, R, et al. Psychotic experiences in the general population: a cross-national analysis based on 31,261 respondents from 18 countries. JAMA Psychiatry 2015; 72: 697–705.
3Stochl, J, Khandaker, GM, Lewis, G, Perez, J, Goodyer, IM, Zammit, S, et al. Mood, anxiety and psychotic phenomena measure a common psychopathological factor. Psychol Med 2015; 45: 1483–93.
4Trotta, A, Murray, RM, Fisher, HL. The impact of childhood adversity on the persistence of psychotic symptoms: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychol Med 2015; 45: 2481–98.
5Varese, F, Smeets, F, Drukker, M, Lieverse, R, Lataster, T, Viechtbauer, W, et al. Childhood adversities increase the risk of psychosis: a meta-analysis of patient-control, prospective- and cross-sectional cohort studies. Schizophr Bull 2012; 38: 661–71.
6Bentall, RP, Wickham, S, Shevlin, M, Varese, F. Do specific early-life adversities lead to specific symptoms of psychosis? A study from the 2007 the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. Schizophr Bull 2012; 38: 734–40.
7Kessler, RC, McLaughlin, KA, Green, JG, Gruber, MJ, Sampson, NA, Zaslavsky, AM, et al. Childhood adversities and adult psychopathology in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. Br J Psychiatry 2010; 197: 378–85.
8Varghese, D, Scott, J, Welham, J, Bor, W, Najman, J, O'Callaghan, M, et al. Psychotic-like experiences in major depression and anxiety disorders: a population-based survey in young adults. Schizophr Bull 2011; 37: 389–93.
9Jones, HJ, Gage, SH, Heron, J, Hickman, M, Lewis, G, Munafo, MR, et al. Association of combined patterns of tobacco and cannabis use in adolescence with psychotic experiences. JAMA Psychiatry 2018; 75: 240–6.
10Collip, D, Wigman, JT, Myin-Germeys, I, Jacobs, N, Derom, C, Thiery, E, et al. From epidemiology to daily life: linking daily life stress reactivity to persistence of psychotic experiences in a longitudinal general population study. PLoS One 2013; 8: e62688.
11Fergusson, DM, Horwood, LJ. The Christchurch Health and Development Study: review of findings on child and adolescent mental health. Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2001; 35: 287–96.
12Fergusson, DM, Lynskey, MT, Horwood, LJ. Childhood sexual abuse and psychiatric disorder in young adulthood: I. Prevalence of sexual abuse and factors associated with sexual abuse. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1996; 35: 1355–64.
13Fergusson, DM, Horwood, LJ, Woodward, LJ. The stability of child abuse reports: a longitudinal study of the reporting behaviour of young adults. Psychol Med 2000; 30: 529–44.
14Fergusson, DM, Lynskey, MT. Physical punishment/maltreatment during childhood and adjustment in young adulthood. Child Abuse Negl 1997; 21: 617–30.
15Robins, LN, Cottler, L, Bucholz, K, Compton, W, North, CS, Rourke, KM. The Diagnostic Interview Schedule for DSM-IV (DIS-IV). Washington University School of Medicine, 2000.
16McGrath, JJ, McLaughlin, KA, Saha, S, Aguilar-Gaxiola, S, Al-Hamzawi, A, Alonso, J, et al. The association between childhood adversities and subsequent first onset of psychotic experiences: a cross-national analysis of 23 998 respondents from 17 countries. Psychol Med 2017; 47: 1230–45.
17Bebbington, P, Jonas, S, Kuipers, E, King, M, Cooper, C, Brugha, T, et al. Childhood sexual abuse and psychosis: data from a cross-sectional national psychiatric survey in England. Br J Psychiatry 2011; 199: 29–37.
18McGrath, JJ, Saha, S, Al-Hamzawi, A, Andrade, L, Benjet, C, Bromet, EJ, et al. The bidirectional associations between psychotic experiences and DSM-IV mental disorders. Am J Psychiatry 2016; 173: 997–1006.
19Cutajar, MC, Mullen, PE, Ogloff, JR, Thomas, SD, Wells, DL, Spataro, J. Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders in a cohort of sexually abused children. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2010; 67: 1114–9.
20van Dam, DS, van Nierop, M, Viechtbauer, W, Velthorst, E, van Winkel, R, Genetic, R, et al. Childhood abuse and neglect in relation to the presence and persistence of psychotic and depressive symptomatology. Psychol Med 2015; 45: 1363–77.
21Faravelli, C, Gorini Amedei, S, Rotella, F, Faravelli, L, Palla, A, Consoli, G, et al. Childhood traumata, Dexamethasone Suppression Test and psychiatric symptoms: a trans-diagnostic approach. Psychol Med 2010; 40: 2037–48.
22Habets, P, Marcelis, M, Gronenschild, E, Drukker, M, van Os, J, Genetic, R, et al. Reduced cortical thickness as an outcome of differential sensitivity to environmental risks in schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry 2011; 69: 487–94.
23van Winkel, R, Stefanis, NC, Myin-Germeys, I. Psychosocial stress and psychosis. A review of the neurobiological mechanisms and the evidence for gene-stress interaction. Schizophr Bull 2008; 34: 1095–105.
24Bentall, RP, de Sousa, P, Varese, F, Wickham, S, Sitko, K, Haarmans, M, et al. From adversity to psychosis: pathways and mechanisms from specific adversities to specific symptoms. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2014; 49: 1011–22.
25van Nierop, M, van Os, J, Gunther, N, Myin-Germeys, I, de Graaf, R, ten Have, M, et al. Phenotypically continuous with clinical psychosis, discontinuous in need for care: evidence for an extended psychosis phenotype. Schizophr Bull 2012; 38: 231–8.
26Fisher, HL, Craig, TK, Fearon, P, Morgan, K, Dazzan, P, Lappin, J, et al. Reliability and comparability of psychosis patients’ retrospective reports of childhood abuse. Schizophr Bull 2011; 37: 546–53.
27Derogatis, LR, Lipman, RS, Covi, L. SCL-90: an outpatient psychiatric rating scale--preliminary report. Psychopharmacol Bull 1973; 9: 13–28.