Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Characteristics of Child Battering in Hong Kong: A Controlled Study

  • F. Lieh-Mak (a1), S. Y. Chung (a2) and Y. W. Liu (a3)

Summary

The characteristics in Hong Kong of 37 cases of child battering and their families compared to a control group matched for age of child and social class of family revealed that the families of battered children had significantly more problems, with a higher prevalence of psychiatric disorder among the parents. The victims were usually the product of unwanted pregnancy and had been separated from their parents in the first year of life. In Hong Kong older children rather than infants were at risk of being battered. The cultural factors in operation are discussed.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bhattacharyya, A. K. (1967) Battered child syndrome: a review with a report of two siblings. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 4, 186–92.
Blumberg, M. I. (1974) Psychopathology of the abusing parent. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 28, 21–6.
Couling, S. (1917) The Encyclopedia Sinica. Shanghai: Kelly and Welsh.
Creighton, S. J. (1979) An epidemiological study of child abuse. In Child Abuse and Neglect, vol. 3, (eds. C. H. Kempe, A. W. Franklin and C. Cooper). Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Garbarino, J. (1977) Human ecology of child maltreatment: a conceptual model for research. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 39(4), 722–35.
Gil, D. G. (1968) Incidence of child abuse and demographic characteristics of persons involved. In The Battered Child, (eds. R. E. Heifer and C. H. Kempe). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Gil, D. G. (1970) Violence Against Children. Physical Abuse in the United States. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Granet, M. (1930) Chinese Civilization. New York: Alfred Knopf.
Hsieh, Y. W. (1967) Filial piety and Chinese society. In The Chinese Mind, (eds. C. A. Moore). Hawaii: University Press of Hawaii.
Kempe, C. H. (1969) The battered child and the hospital. Hospital Practice, 4, 4457.
Li, Yüan Kang (end of 12th cent.) Hou Te Lu Shuo Fu LXXI (in Chinese).
Lieh-Mak, F. & Chuang, S. Y. (in press) Child battering in Hong Kong. Child Abuse and Neglect—The International Journal, (in press).
Lukianowicz, N. (1971) Battered children. Psychiatric Clinic, 4, 257–80.
Lynch, M. A. (1975) Ill-health and child abuse. Lancet, iii, 317–20.
Lynch, M. A. & Roberts, J. (1977) Prediction of child abuse—signs of bonding failure in the maternity hospital. British Medical Journal, i, 624–6.
Lythcott, G. I. (1977) Some observations on pediatric health care in the People's Republic of China. Man and Medicine, 2, 133–47.
Miller, S. (1979) The Biosocial Survey in Hong Kong. Canberra: Australian National University.
Mitchell, R. E. (1971) Social implications of high density housing. American Sociological Review, 36, 1829.
Oates, R. K., Davis, H. A. & Ryan, M. G. (1980) Predictive factors for child abuse. Australian Paediatric Journal, 16, 239–43.
Oliver, J. E. (1978) The epidemiology of child abuse. In The Maltreatment of Children, (ed. S. Smith). Lancaster, England: MTP Press.
Ounsted, C. & Lynch, M. A. (1976) Family pathology as seen in England. In Child Abuse and Neglect. The Family and The Community, (eds. R. E. Heifer and C. H. Kempe). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Ballinger.
Paul, S. D. (1972) Recognition of the entity: the battered child syndrome in India. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 39, 5862.
Sills, J. A., Thomas, L. J. & Rosenbloom, L. (1977) Non-accidental injury; a two-year study in Liverpool. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 19, 2632.
Simons, B., Downs, E. F., Hurster, M. M. & Archer, M. (1966) Child abuse: epidemiological study of mentally reported cases. New York State Journal of Medicine, 66, 2782–8.
Skinner, A. E. & Castle, R. L. (1969) Seventy-Eight Battered Children: A Retrospectivev Study. London: National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.
Smith, S. M. (1975) The Battered Child Syndrome. London: Butterworth.
Solomon, R. H. (1971) Mao's Revolution and the Chinese Poilitical Culture. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Steele, B. F. & Pollock, C. B. (1968) A psychiatric study of parents who abuse infants and children. In The Battered Child, (eds. R. E. Heifer and C. H. Kempe). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Strauss, M. A. (1979) Family patterns and child abuse in a nationally representative American sample. In Child Abuse and Neglect, vol. 3 (eds. C. H. Kempe, A. W. Franklin and C. Cooper). Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Taylor, L. & Newberger, E. H. (1979) Child abuse in the International Year of the Child. New England Journal of Medicine, 301, (22), 1205–12.
Woon, T. H. & Chin, C. (1974) Batteredchild syndrome in a Malaysian hospital. Medical Journal of Malaysia, 24(4), 239–43.
World Health Organisation (1978) Mental Disorders: Glossary and Guide to Their Classification In Accordance With the Ninth Revision of the International Classification of Disease. Geneva: WHO.
Wray, J. D. (1975) Child care in the People's Republic of China. Pediatrics, 55, 539–50.
Yeoh, O. H. & Woon, T. H. (1975) A battered child. Medical Journal of Malaysia, 30(1), 43–7.

Characteristics of Child Battering in Hong Kong: A Controlled Study

  • F. Lieh-Mak (a1), S. Y. Chung (a2) and Y. W. Liu (a3)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed

Characteristics of Child Battering in Hong Kong: A Controlled Study

  • F. Lieh-Mak (a1), S. Y. Chung (a2) and Y. W. Liu (a3)
Submit a response

eLetters

We encountered an error trying to retrieve eLetters for this article. Please try again or contact Customer Services

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *