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Cavum septum pellucidum and psychopathy

  • Päivi Toivonen (a1), Mervi Könönen (a2), Eini Niskanen (a2), Olli Vaurio (a3), Eila Repo-Tiihonen (a3), Allan Seppänen (a1), Hannu J. Aronen (a4), Ritva Vanninen (a5), Jari Tiihonen (a6) and Mikko P. Laakso (a7)...

Summary

The presence of cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) has been reported to be a neurodevelopmental marker of psychopathy. We scanned 26 violent offenders and 25 controls; 2 offenders and 2 controls had CSP (8% in both groups). Thus, the presence of CSP is not a common or a unique feature of antisocial personality disorder or psychopathy.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Mikko P. Laakso, MD, PhD, Vanha Vaasa Hospital, Rolling Stone Road 1 65380 Vaasa, Finland. Email: mikko.laakso@uef.fi.

Footnotes

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This short paper is published here to offset the common tendency for journals to publish positive rather than negative results. I stress that its publication should not indicate to potential authors that submission of papers showing similar contradictory findings in other areas of psychiatry will be published in the same way. The British Journal of Negative Results in Psychiatry has yet to be launched. The Editor

Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes

References

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1 British Home Office. Managing Dangerous People with Severe Personality Disorder. Proposals for Policy Development. British Home Office, 1999 (http://www.nationalarchives.gov.Uk/ERORecords/HO/421/2/P2/CPD/DANGCD.HTM)
2 Mullen, PE. Dangerous and severe personality disorder and in need of treatment. Br J Psychiatry 2007; 190 (suppl 49): S37.
3 Bechara, A, Damasio, AR, Damasio, H, Anderson, SW. Insensitivity to future consequences following damage to human prefrontal cortex. Cognition 1994; 50: 715.
4 Raine, A, Lencz, T, Bihrle, S, LaCasse, L, Colletti, P. Reduced prefrontal gray matter volume and reduced autonomic activity in antisocial personality disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2000; 57: 119–27.
5 Raine, A, Lee, L, Yang, Y, Colletti, P. Neurodevelopmental marker for limbic maldevelopment in antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy. Br J Psychiatry 2010; 197: 186–92.
6 Sarwar, M. The septum pellucidum: normal and abnormal. Am J Neuroradiol 1989; 10: 9891005.
7 Shaw, C-M, Alvord, EC Jr. Cava septum pellucidi et vergæ: their normal and pathological states. Brain 1969; 92: 213–24.
8 American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn) (DSM-IV). APA, 1994.
9 World Health Organization. The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guidelines. WHO, 1992.
10 Hare, RD, Clark, D, Grann, M, Thornton, D. Psychopathy and the predictive validity of the PCL-R: an international perspective. Behav Sci Law 2000; 18: 623–45.

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Cavum septum pellucidum and psychopathy

  • Päivi Toivonen (a1), Mervi Könönen (a2), Eini Niskanen (a2), Olli Vaurio (a3), Eila Repo-Tiihonen (a3), Allan Seppänen (a1), Hannu J. Aronen (a4), Ritva Vanninen (a5), Jari Tiihonen (a6) and Mikko P. Laakso (a7)...
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