Anderson, J. C., Williams, S., Mcgee, R., et al (1987) DSM-III disorders in preadolescent children: prevalence in a large sample from the general population. Archives of General Psychiatry, 44, 69–76.
American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn) . Washington, DC: APA.
Bird, H. R., Canino, G., Rubio-Stipec, M., et al (1988) Estimates of the prevalence of childhood maladjustment in a community survey in Puerto Rico. Archives of General Psychiatry, 45, 1120–1126.
Bradley, C. (1937) The behavior of children receiving benze-drine. American Journal of Psychiatry, 94, 577–585.
Castellanos, F. X., Giedd, J. N., Eckburg, P., et al (1994) Quantitative morphology of the caudate nucleus in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 1791–1796.
Costello, E. J., Costello, A. J., Edelbrock, C., et al (1988) Psychiatric disorder in pediatric primary care. Archives of General Psychiatry, 45, 1107–1116.
Gaultieri, C. T., Ondrusek, M. G. & Finley, C. (1985) Attention deficit disorder in adults. Clinical Neuropharmacology, 8, 343–356.
Giedd, J. N., Castellanos, F. X., Casey, B. J., et al (1994) Quantitative morphology of the corpus callosum in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 665–669.
Gittelman, R., Mannuzza, S., Shenker, R., et al (1985) Hyperactive boys almost grown up: I. Psychiatric status. Archives of General Psychiatry, 42, 937–947.
Goodman, R. & Stevenson, J. (1989) A twin study of hyperactivity: II: The aetiological role of genes, family relationships, and peri-natal adversity. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 30, 691–709.
Mannuzza, S., Klein, R. G., Bessler, A., et al (1993) Adult outcome of hyperactive boys. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50, 565–576.
Mattes, J. A., Boswell, L. & Oliver, H. (1984) Methyl-phenidate effects on symptoms of attention deficit disorder in adults. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41, 1059–1063.
Nadeau, K. G. (1994) Survival Guide for College Students with ADD or LD, New York: Magination Press
Rosvold, H. E., Mirsky, A. F., Sarason, I., et al (1956) A continuous performance test of brain damage. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 20, 343–350.
Safer, D. J. & Krager, J. M. (1988) A survey of medication treatment for hyperactive/inattentive students. Journal of the American Medical Association, 260, 2256–2258.
Spencer, T., Wilens, T., Biederman, J., et al (1995) A double blind, crossover comparison of methylphenidate and placebo in adults with childhood-onset attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52, 434–443.
Taylor, E., Sandberg, S., Thorley, G., et al (1991) The Epidemiology of Childhood Hyperactivity. Oxford University Press.
Taylor, E., Sandberg, S., Thorley, G. & Hemsley, R. (1995) Treating hyperkinetic disorders in childhood. British Medical Journal, 310, 1617–1618.
Ward, M. F., Wender, P. H. & Reimherr, F. W. (1993) The Wender Utah Rating Scale: an aid in the retrospective diagnosis of childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 885–889.
Weiss, G., Hechtman, L., Milroy, T., et al (1985) Psychiatric status of hyperactives as adults: a controlled prospective 15 year follow up of 63 hyperactive children. Journal of the Academy of American Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 24, 211–220.
Wender, P. H., Reimherr, F. W. & Wood, D. R. (1981) Attention deficit disorder (‘minimal brain dysfunction’) in adults: a replication study of diagnosis and drug treatment. Archives of General Psychiatry, 38, 449–456.
Wender, P. H., Reimherr, F. W. & Wood, D. R.
et al (1985) A controlled study of methylphenidate in the treatment of attention deficit disorder, residual type, in adults. American Journal of Psychiatry, 142, 547–552.
Wilens, T. E. & Biederman, J. (1992) The stimulants
Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 15, 191–222.
Wood, D. R., Reimherr, F. W., Wender, P. H., et al (1976) Diagnosis and treatment of minimal brain dysfunction in adults: a preliminary report. Archives of General Psychiatry, 33, 1453–1460.
World Health Organization (1992) Mental Disorders: Glossary and Guide to their Classification in Accordance with the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases. . Geneva: WHO