Devinsky, O, Morrell, MJ, Vogt, BA. Contributions of anterior cingulate cortex to behaviour. Brain
1995; 118: 279–306.
Bush, G, Luu, P, Posner, MI. Cognitive and emotional influences in anterior cingulate cortex. Trends Cogn Sci
2000; 4: 215–22.
Harrison, PJ. The neuropathology of primary mood disorder. Brain
2002; 125 (Pt 7): 1428–49.
Drevets, WC, Price, JL, Simpson, JR Jr, Todd, RD, Reich, T, Vannier, M, et al. Subgenual prefrontal cortex abnormalities in mood disorders. Nature
1997; 386: 824–7.
Sharma, V, Menon, R, Carr, TJ, Densmore, M, Mazmanian, D, Williamson, PC. An MRI study of subgenual prefrontal cortex in patients with familial and non-familial bipolar I disorder. J Affect Disord
2003; 77: 167–71.
Brambilla, P, Nicoletti, MA, Harenski, K, Sassi, RB, Mallinger, AG, Frank, E, et al. Anatomical MRI study of subgenual prefrontal cortex in bipolar and unipolar subjects. Neuropsychopharmacology
2002; 27: 792–9.
Zimmerman, ME, DelBello, MP, Getz, GE, Shear, PK, Strakowski, SM. Anterior cingulate subregion volumes and executive function in bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord
2006; 8: 281–8.
Lyoo, IK, Kim, MJ, Stoll, AL, Demopulos, CM, Parow, AM, Dager, SR, et al. Frontal lobe gray matter density decreases in bipolar I disorder. Biol Psychiatry
2004; 55: 648–51.
Fornito, A, Malhi, GS, Lagopoulos, J, Ivanovski, B, Wood, SJ, Saling, MM, et al. Anatomical abnormalities of the anterior cingulate and paracingulate cortex in patients with bipolar I disorder. Psychiatry Res
2008; 162: 123–32.
Bearden, CE, Thompson, PM, Dalwani, M, Hayashi, KM, Lee, AD, Nicoletti, M, et al. Greater cortical gray matter density in lithium-treated patients with bipolar disorder. Biol Psychiatry
2007; 62: 7–16.
Adler, CM, DelBello, MP, Jarvis, K, Levine, A, Adams, J, Strakowski, SM. Voxel-based study of structural changes in first-episode patients with bipolar disorder. Biol Psychiatry
2007; 61: 776–81.
Hirayasu, Y, Shenton, ME, Salisbury, DF, Kwon, JS, Wible, CG, Fischer, IA, et al. Subgenual cingulate cortex volume in first-episode psychosis. Am J Psychiatry
1999; 156: 1091–3.
Kubicki, M, Shenton, ME, Salisbury, DF, Hirayasu, Y, Kasai, K, Kikinis, R, et al. Voxel-based morphometric analysis of gray matter in first episode schizophrenia. Neuroimage
2002; 17: 1711–9.
Farrow, TF, Whitford, TJ, Williams, LM, Gomes, L, Harris, AW. Diagnosis-related regional gray matter loss over two years in first episode schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Biol Psychiatry
2005; 58: 713–23.
Fornito, A, Malhi, GS, Lagopoulos, J, Ivanovski, B, Wood, SJ, Velakoulis, D, et al. In vivo evidence for early neurodevelopmental anomaly of the anterior cingulate cortex in bipolar disorder. Acta Psychiatr Scand
2007; 116: 467–72.
Paus, T, Otkay, N, Caramanos, Z, MacDonald, D, Zijdenbos, A, D'Avirro, D, et al. In vivo morphometry of the intrasulcal gray matter in the human cingulate, paracingulate, and superior rostral sulci. Hemispheric asymmetries, gender differences and probability maps. J Comp Neurol
1996; 376: 664–73.
Fornito, A, Wood, SJ, Whittle, S, Fuller, J, Adamson, C, Saling, MM, et al. Variability of the paracingulate sulcus and morphometry of the medial frontal cortex. Associations with cortical thickness, surface area, volume, and sulcal depth. Hum Brain Mapp
2008; 29: 222–36.
Fornito, A, Yucel, M, Wood, SJ, Proffitt, T, McGorry, PD, Velakoulis, D, et al. Morphology of the paracingulate sulcus and executive cognition in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res
2006; 88: 192–7.
Fornito, A, Whittle, S, Wood, SJ, Velakoulis, D, Pantelis, C, Yucel, M. The influence of sulcal variability on morphometry of the human anterior cingulate and paracingulate cortex. Neuroimage
2006; 33: 843–54.
Drevets, WC, Ongur, D, Price, JL. Neuroimaging abnormalities in the subgenual prefrontal cortex: implications for the pathophysiology of familial mood disorders. Mol Psychiatry
1998; 3: 220–6.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (4th edn) (DSM–IV). APA, 1994.
First, MB, Spitzer, RL, Gibbon, M, Williams, JBW. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM–IV Axis I Disorders, Patient Edition (SCID–I/P). Biometrics Research, New York Psychiatric Institute, 1995.
Velakoulis, D, Wood, SJ, Wong, MT, McGorry, PD, Yung, A, Phillips, L, et al. Hippocampal and amygdala volumes according to psychosis stage and diagnosis: a magnetic resonance imaging study of chronic schizophrenia, first-episode psychosis, and ultra-high-risk individuals. Arch Gen Psychiatry
2006; 63: 139–49.
Szeszko, PR, Robinson, DG, Sevy, S, Kumra, S, Rupp, CI, Betensky, JD, et al. Anterior cingulate grey-matter deficits and cannabis use in first-episode schizophrenia. Br J Psychiatry
2007; 190: 230–6.
Yücel, M, Stuart, GW, Maruff, P, Velakoulis, D, Crowe, SF, Savage, G, et al. Hemispheric and gender-related differences in the gross morphology of the anterior cingulate/paracingulate cortex in normal volunteers: an MRI morphometric study. Cereb Cortex
2001; 11: 17–25.
Vogt, BA, Nimchinsky, EA, Vogt, LJ, Hof, PR. Human cingulate cortex: surface features, flat maps, and cytoarchitecture. J Comp Neurol
1995; 359: 490–506.
Dale, AM, Fischl, B, Sereno, MI. Cortical surface-based analysis I. Segmentation and surface reconstruction. Neuroimage
1999; 9: 179–94.
Fischl, B, Dale, AM. Measuring the thickness of the human cerebral cortex from magnetic resonance images. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA
2000; 97: 11050–5.
Han, X, Jovicich, J, Salat, D, van der Kouwe, A, Quinn, B, Czanner, S, et al. Reliability of MRI-derived measurements of human cerebral cortical thickness: the effects of field strength, scanner upgrade and manufacturer. Neuroimage
2006; 32: 180–94.
Rosas, HD, Liu, AK, Hersch, S, Glessner, M, Ferrante, RJ, Salat, DH, et al. Regional and progressive thinning of the cortical ribbon in Huntington's disease. Neurology
2002; 58: 695–701.
Narr, K, Thompson, P, Sharma, T, Moussai, J, Zoumalan, C, Rayman, J, et al. Three-dimensional mapping of gyral shape and cortical surface asymmetries in schizophrenia: gender effects. Am J Psychiatry
2001; 158: 244–55.
Goldstein, JM, Seidman, LJ, O'Brien, LM, Horton, NJ, Kennedy, DN, Makris, N, et al. Impact of normal sexual dimorphisms on sex differences in structural brain abnormalities in schizophrenia assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Arch Gen Psychiatry
2002; 59: 154–64.
Free, SL, Bergin, PS, Fish, DR, Cook, MJ, Shorvon, SD, Stevens, JM. Methods for normalization of hippocampal volumes measured with MR. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol
1995; 16: 637–43.
Rakic, P. Specification of cerebral cortical areas. Science
1988; 241: 170–6.
Sassi, RB, Brambilla, P, Hatch, JP, Nicoletti, MA, Mallinger, AG, Frank, E, et al. Reduced left anterior cingulate volumes in untreated bipolar patients. Biol Psychiatry
2004; 56: 467–75.
Kaur, S, Sassi, RB, Axelson, D, Nicoletti, M, Brambilla, P, Monkul, ES, et al. Cingulate cortex anatomical abnormalities in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder. Am J Psychiatry
2005; 162: 1637–43.
Adler, CM, Levine, AD, DelBello, MP, Strakowski, SM. Changes in gray matter volume in patients with bipolar disorder. Biol Psychiatry
2005; 58: 151–7.
Glahn, DC, Bearden, CE, Barguil, M, Barrett, J, Reichenberg, A, Bowden, CL, et al. The neurocognitive signature of psychotic bipolar disorder. Biol Psychiatry
2007: 62: 910–6.
Sesack, SR, Deutch, AY, Roth, RH, Bunney, BS. Topographical organization of the efferent projections of the medial prefrontal cortex in the rat: an anterograde tract-tracing study with Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin. J Comp Neurol
1989; 290: 213–42.
Sullivan, RM, Gratton, A. Lateralized effects of medial prefrontal cortex lesions on neuroendocrine and autonomic stress responses in rats. J Neurosci
1999; 19: 2834–40.
Ryan, MC, Collins, P, Thakore, JH. Impaired fasting glucose tolerance in first-episode, drug-naive patients with schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry
2003; 160: 284–9.
Pariante, CM, Dazzan, P, Danese, A, Morgan, KD, Brudaglio, F, Morgan, C, et al. Increased pituitary volume in antipsychotic-free and antipsychotic-treated patients of the AESOP first-onset psychosis study. Neuropsychopharmacology
2005; 30: 1923–31.
Houenou, J, Wessa, M, Douaud, G, Leboyer, M, Chanraud, S, Perrin, M, et al. Increased white matter connectivity in euthymic bipolar patients: diffusion tensor tractography between the subgenual cingulate and the amygdalo-hippocampal complex. Mol Psychiatry
2007: 12: 1001–10.
Axelson, DA, Doraiswamy, PM, Boyko, OB, Rodrigo Escalona, P, McDonald, WM, Ritchie, JC, et al. In vivo assessment of pituitary volume with magnetic resonance imaging and systematic stereology: relationship to dexamethasone suppression test results in patients. Psychiatry Res
1992; 44: 63–70.
Garner, B, Pariante, CM, Wood, SJ, Velakoulis, D, Phillips, L, Soulsby, B, et al. Pituitary volume predicts future transition to psychosis in individuals at ultra-high risk of developing psychosis. Biol Psychiatry
2005; 58: 417–23.
MacLullich, AM, Ferguson, KJ, Wardlaw, JM, Starr, JM, Deary, IJ, Seckl, JR. Smaller left anterior cingulate cortex volumes are associated with impaired hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis regulation in healthy elderly men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab
2006; 91: 1591–4.
Cerqueira, JJ, Catania, C, Sotiropoulos, I, Schubert, M, Kalisch, R, Almeida, OF, et al. Corticosteroid status influences the volume of the rat cingulate cortex – a magnetic resonance imaging study. J Psychiatr Res
2005; 39: 451–60.
Kajantie, E, Phillips, DI. The effects of sex and hormonal status on the physiological response to acute psychosocial stress. Psychoneuroendocrinology
2006; 31: 151–78.
Lappin, JM, Morgan, K, Morgan, C, Hutchison, G, Chitnis, X, Suckling, J, et al. Gray matter abnormalities associated with duration of untreated psychosis. Schizophr Res
2006; 83: 145–53.
Dazzan, P, Morgan, KD, Orr, K, Hutchinson, G, Chitnis, X, Suckling, J, et al. Different effects of typical and atypical antipsychotics on grey matter in first episode psychosis: the AESOP study. Neuropsychopharmacology
2005; 30: 765–74.
McCormick, L, Decker, L, Nopoulos, P, Ho, BC, Andreasen, N. Effects of atypical and typical neuroleptics on anterior cingulate volume in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res
2005; 80: 73–84.
Nelson, HE, Wilson, JR. National Adult Reading Test, Second Edition: Test Manual. nferNelson, 1991.
van der Gaag, M, Hoffman, T, Remijsen, M, Hijman, R, de Haan, L, van Meijel, B, et al. The five-factor model of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale II: a ten-fold cross-validation of a revised model. Schizophr Res
2006; 85: 280–7.