Skip to main content Accessibility help

Agoraphobia: The Long-Term Follow-up of Behavioural Treatment

  • Mary Munby (a1) and Derek W. Johnston (a1)


Sixty-six agoraphobic patients were followed up five to nine years after their treatment in three clinical trials of behaviour therapy. The main outcome measures used in the original trials were repeated by an assessor who interviewed the patients. Ninety-five per cent of patients were interviewed and partial information was obtained on a further two patients. The measures taken at follow-up were compared with those obtained prior to treatment and six months after treatment ended. On most measures of agoraphobia the patients were much better at follow-up than they had been before treatment. The assessor's ratings suggested that there had been little change in the patients' agoraphobia since six months after treatment. Some of the patients' self-ratings showed evidence of a slight improvement over this period. No evidence of symptom substitution was found.



Hide All
Agras, W. S., Chapin, H. W., Jackson, M. & Oliveau, D. C. (1972) The natural history of phobia. Archives General Psychiatry, 26, 315–17.
Emmelkamp, P. M. G. & Kuipers, A. C. M. (1979) Agoraphobia: a follow-up study four years after treatment. British Journal of Psychiatry, 134, 352–5.
Gelder, M. G., Bancroft, J. H. S., Gath, D. H., Johnston, D. W., Mathews, A. M. & Shaw, P. M. (1973) Specific and non-specific factors in behaviour therapy. British Journal of Psychiatry, 123, 445–62.
Gelder, M. G., Marks, I. M. & Wolff, H. H. (1967) Desensitization and psychotherapy in the treatment of phobic states: a controlled enquiry. British Journal of Psychiatry, 113, 5373.
Jannoun, L., Munby, M., Catalan, J. & Gelder, M. (1980) A home-based treatment programme for agoraphobia: replication and controlled evaluation. Behaviour Therapy, 11, 294305.
Johnston, M. (1977) The treatment of agoraphobia in general practice. Behavioural Psychotherapy, 5, 103–9.
McNair, D. & Lorr, M. (1964) An analysis of mood in neurotics. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 69. 620–7.
McPherson, F. M., Brougham, L. & McLaren, , (1980) Maintenance of improvements in agoraphobic patients treated by behavioural methods in a four year follow-up. Behavioural Research and Therapy, 18, 150–2.
Marks, I. M. (1971) Phobic disorders four years after treatment: A prospective follow-up. British Journal of Psychiatry, 118, 683–8.
Marks, I. M. (1979) Care and cure of neurosis. Psychological Medicine, 9, 629–60.
Mathews, A. M., Johnston, D. W., Lancashire, M., Munby, M., Shaw, P. M. & Gelder, M. G. (1976) Imaginal flooding and exposure to real phobic situations: treatment outcome with agoraphobic patients. British Journal of Psychiatry, 129, 362–71.
Mathews, A. M., Teasdale, J., Munby, M., Johnston, D. W. & Shaw, P. (1977) A home-based treatment programme for agoraphobia. Bihaviour Therapy, 8, 915–24.
Wolpe, J. & Lang, P. J. (1964) A fear survey schedule for use in behaviour therapy. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 2, 2130.

Agoraphobia: The Long-Term Follow-up of Behavioural Treatment

  • Mary Munby (a1) and Derek W. Johnston (a1)


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.

Agoraphobia: The Long-Term Follow-up of Behavioural Treatment

  • Mary Munby (a1) and Derek W. Johnston (a1)
Submit a response


No eLetters have been published for this article.


Reply to: Submit a response

Your details

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *