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Relationships among Goal Orientations, Motivational Climate and Flow in Adolescent Athletes: Differences by Gender

  • Juan Antonio Moreno Murcia (a1), Eduardo Cervelló Gimeno (a2) and David González-Cutre Coll (a3)

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationships among perceived motivational climate, individuals' goal orientations, and dispositional flow, with attention to possible gender differences. A sample of 413 young athletes, ages 12 to 16 years, completed the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2) and Perception of Success Questionnaire (POSQ), as well as the Dispositional Flow Scale. Task orientation was positively and significantly related to a perceived task- involving motivational climate and to the disposition to experience flow in the sport. Ego orientation was positively and significantly associated with a perceived ego-involving motivational climate and with dispositional flow. The perceptions of task-involving and ego-involving motivational climates were positively and significantly linked to general dispositional flow. Multiple regression analysis indicated that both task and ego goal orientations and perceived task- and ego-oriented climates predicted dispositional flow. Males displayed a stronger ego orientation, and were more likely to report that they participated in an ego-oriented climate, than did females. To the contrary, the females were more likely to perceive a task-oriented climate than did the males. No meaningful differences were found between males and females in general dispositional flow.

El objetivo de esta investigación era examinar las relaciones entre el clima motivacional percibido, las orientaciones de meta y la disposición al “flow” de los individuos, atendiendo las posibles diferencias de género. Una muestra de 413 atletas jóvenes, de edades entre 12 y 16 años, completaron el Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2) y el Perception of Success Questionnaire (POSQ), además de la Dispositional Flow Scale. La orientación a la tarea tenía una relación positiva y significativa con el clima motivacional implicante a la tarea percibido y con la disposición a experimentar el “flow” en el deporte. La orientación al ego tenía una relación positiva y significativa con el clima motivacional implicante al ego percibido y con el flow disposicional. Las percepciones de climas motivacionales implicantes a la tarea y al ego tenían una relación positiva y significativa con el flow general disposicional. El análisis de regresión múltiple indicaba que tanto las orientaciones de meta a la tarea y al ego y los climas percibidos orientados a la tarea y al ego predecían el flow disposicional. Los varones mostraron una orientación al ego más fuerte y era más probable que dijeran que participaban en un clima orientado al ego que las mujeres. En contraste, era más probable que las mujeres percibieran un clima orientado a la tarea que los varones. No se encontraron diferencias significativas entre varones y mujeres en el flow disposicional general.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Juan Antonio Moreno Murcia, Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte, Universidad de Murcia, Parque Almansa, 30730 San Javier, Murcia (Spain). Phone: 968 39 86 78. Fax: 968 39 86 72. E-mail: morenomu@um.es

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Keywords

Relationships among Goal Orientations, Motivational Climate and Flow in Adolescent Athletes: Differences by Gender

  • Juan Antonio Moreno Murcia (a1), Eduardo Cervelló Gimeno (a2) and David González-Cutre Coll (a3)

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