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Metalinguistic Awareness and Reading Acquisition in the Spanish Language

  • Juan E. Jiménez González (a1) and María del Rosario Ortiz González (a1)


This research was designed to establish the importance of phonological awareness and print awareness in learning to read Spanish. A sample of 136 preliterate Spanish children (70 boys and 66 girls) whose ages ranged from 5.1 to 6.6 years (average age 5.6 years) participated in the study. The results, using path analysis, from this longitudinal study support the existence of a relationship between phonological awareness and reading. Moreover, the findings of this study reveal the importance of syllabic awareness, at least in Spanish, in the development of other levels of phonological awareness and in its early relation with reading. The results also confirm the existence of a relationship between print awareness and reading comprehension.

El objetivo de esta investigación era estudiar la importancia que tiene el conocimiento fonológico y el conocimiento general acerca del lenguaje escrito, en el aprendizaje de la lectura en lengua española. Por ello, se seleccionó una muestra de 136 niños españoles prelectores (70 niños y 66 niñas) con edades comprendidas entre 5.1 y 6.6 años. Los resultados obtenidos a través del estudio longitudinal muestran la existencia de una relación entre conocimiento fonológico y aprendizaje de la lectura y entre conocimiento general del lenguaje escrito y comprensión lectora. Además, los resultados también muestran la importancia que tiene el conocimiento silábico en la adquisición temprana de la lectura y en el desarrollo de otros niveles de conocimiento fonológico, al menos en español.


Corresponding author

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Juan E. Jiménez González, Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación.Universidad de La Laguna. Campus de Guajara. 38200 Islas Canarias (Spain). E-mail:;Fax: 922-317461


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Metalinguistic Awareness and Reading Acquisition in the Spanish Language

  • Juan E. Jiménez González (a1) and María del Rosario Ortiz González (a1)


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