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Emotional and Social Problems in Adolescents from a Gender Perspective

  • David Moreno Ruiz (a1), Amapola Povedano Díaz (a1), Belén Martínez Ferrer (a1) and Gonzalo Musitu Ochoa (a1)

Abstract

The present study aims to analyze the relationships between community involvement, perception of family and school climate, and emotional and social problems in adolescents (satisfaction with life, non-conformist social reputation, and school violence). The sample was composed of 1884 (52% boys and 48% girls) adolescents aged from 11 to 17 years old (M = 13.7, SD = 1.4) from the Valencia Community and Andalusia. A structural equation model was calculated to analyze the data. The results indicated that adolescent community involvement was associated with positive perceptions of family and school climate, and school violence. Associations between the variables of the study included in the structural model were also analyzed as a function of gender. The relationship between school climate and social reputation was significant only for boys. Likewise, the association between community involvement and violent behavior was found to be significant only for boys. Finally, the results and their possible implications are discussed.

El presente estudio tiene como objetivo analizar las relaciones entre la implicación comunitaria, la percepción del clima familiar y escolar, y la problemática emocional y social en adolescentes. Las variables relacionadas con la problemática emocional y social fueron la satisfacción vital, la reputación social no conformista y la violencia escolar. La muestra se compuso de 1884 (52% chicos y 48% chicas) adolescentes de edades comprendidas entre los 11 y los 17 años (M = 13.7, SD = 1.4) pertenecientes a la Comunidad Valenciana y Andalucía. Para el análisis de los datos se calculó un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales. Los resultados indicaron que la implicación comunitaria de los adolescentes se relaciona con la percepción positiva del clima familiar y escolar, y con la violencia escolar. Las asociaciones entre las variables incluidas en el modelo estructural también se analizaron en función del género. La relación entre el clima escolar y la reputación social resultó ser significativa sólo para los chicos. Del mismo modo, la asociación entre la implicación comunitaria y la conducta violenta escolar mostró ser significativa únicamente para los chicos. Finalmente, se discuten los resultados obtenidos y sus posibles implicaciones.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to David Moreno Ruiz. Universidad Pablo de Olavide de Sevilla. Departamento de Ciencias Sociales. Edificio N˚ 11, Conde de Aranda. Ctra. de Utrera, Km. 1– 41013 Sevilla (Spain) Phone: +34-954348680 E-mail: dmorrui@upo.es

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