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The Development and Construct Validation of a Spanish Version of an Academic Self-Concept Scale for Middle School Hispanic Students from Families of Low Socioeconomic Levels

  • Pete C. Menjares (a1), William B. Michael (a2) and Robert Rueda (a2)

Abstract

For a sample of 305 6th, 7th, and 8th grade students, of whom 95% was from economically disadvantaged Hispanic families and for whom English was their second language, evidence was sought regarding the reliability and construct validity of scores on a Spanish version of an academic self-concept measure entitled Dimensions of Self-Concept (DOSC), comprising five subscales bearing the same names as those of the five hypothesized constructs that they were intended to operationalize: Level of Aspiration, Anxiety, Academic Interest and Satisfaction, Leadership and Initiative, and Identification versus Alienation. Reliability estimates varying between .72 and .80 were judged to be reasonably satisfactory. Results from oblique factor analysis lent empirical support for the hypothesized constructs of Anxiety, Leadership and Initiative, and Identification versus Alienation. Scores associated with the subscales of Level of Aspiration and Academic Interest and Satisfaction generated a factor interpreted as a fusion of the two constructs of Level of Aspiration and Academic Interest and Satisfaction.

Con el fin de analizar la fiabilidad (como consistencia interna) y la validez de constructo de la versión en castellano de la escala Dimensiones del Auto-Concepto (DOSC), se empleó una muestra de 305 estudiantes de secundaria (grados 6, 7 y 8). El 95 por ciento de dicha muestra provenía de familias hispanas de bajo nivel socio-económico, en las que el inglés era la segunda lengua. La DOSC consta de cinco subescalas que se corresponden con los cinco constructos propuestos: Nivel de Aspiración, Ansiedad, Interés Académico y Satisfacción, Liderazgo e Iniciativa, e Identificación frente a Alienación. La fiabilidad, que varió entre .72 y .80, se consideró satisfactoria. Los resultados del análisis factorial, utilizando el método de rotación oblicua, apoyan empíricamente los constructos de Ansiedad, Liderazgo e Iniciativa, e Identificación frente a Alienación. Las puntuaciones asociadas con las subescalas de Nivel de Aspiración, e Interés Académico y Satisfacción, generaron un factor que se puede considerar como una fusión de estos dos constructos.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Dr. William B. Michael, 325 Callita Place. San Marino, CA 91108.USA.

References

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Keywords

The Development and Construct Validation of a Spanish Version of an Academic Self-Concept Scale for Middle School Hispanic Students from Families of Low Socioeconomic Levels

  • Pete C. Menjares (a1), William B. Michael (a2) and Robert Rueda (a2)

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