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Intimate Partner Violence in the United States: An Ecological Approach to Prevention and Treatment

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 April 2008

Marcia A. Shobe
Affiliation:
University of Arkansas, School of Social Work E-mail: mshobe@uark.edu
Jacqueline Dienemann
Affiliation:
University of North Carolina at Charlotte, School of Adult Health Nursing

Abstract

Physical, sexual, verbal and economic abuse, also known as Intimate Partner Violence (IPV), comprise a major public health problem. IPV risk factors include poverty, stress, substance use, depression, and history of child maltreatment. Protective factors include human capital (functional health and work competencies/qualifications), social capital (formal/informal relationships and resources) and financial capital (income and assets). Traditional IPV initiatives focus on increasing social capital by changing the cognition and/or behaviour of victims or perpetrators and increasing legal sanctions and supportive resources. The proposed Asset Model of IPV Resolution extends the current model to include an ecological approach to the prevention and resolution of IPV. In addition to human and social capital development, the authors suggest financial capital development through Individual Development Accounts (IDAs) as one social policy initiative to support women at risk of or women who experience IPV.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2007

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