Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-559fc8cf4f-67gxp Total loading time: 0.273 Render date: 2021-03-01T17:14:49.412Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Article contents

Constructive Unionism and the Shaping of Rural Ireland, c. 1880–1921

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 October 2008

Frederick H. A. Aalen
Department of Geography, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.


Today we can already see a regenerated Ireland, living a new and prosperous life, with a peasantry helped and aided, largely by its own co-operative effort, beyond the peasantry of any other country. Tomorrow we trust to see a self-governing Ireland, still a part of the British Commonwealth. (Barker, Ireland in the Last Fifty Years (1919) 147).

Research Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1993

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.


Aalen, F.H. 1978. Man and the Landscape in Ireland (London).Google Scholar
Aalen, F.H. 1986. ‘The rehousing of rural labourers in Ireland under the Labourers’ Acts, 1883–1919’, Journal of Historical Geography 12, 3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aalen, F.H. 1990. The Iveagh Trust: The First Hundred Years, 1890–1990 (Dublin).Google Scholar
Bailey, W.F. 1888. Local and Centralised Government in Ireland: A Sketch of the Existing Systems (Dublin).Google Scholar
Bailey, W.F. 1917. The Irish Land Acts, a Short Sketch of their History and Development (H.M.S.O., Dublin).Google Scholar
Barker, E. 1919. Ireland in the last 50 years, 1866–1918 (Oxford).Google Scholar
Base-line Reports. 1898. Congested Districts Board, Inspectors’ Local Reports (Dublin).Google Scholar
Beckett, J. C. 1976. The Anglo-Irish Tradition (London) 91–6.Google Scholar
Bew, P. 1987. Conflict and Conciliation in Ireland (Oxford).Google Scholar
Bourke, J. 1991. ‘“The best of all home rulers”. The economic power of women in Ireland, 1880–1914’, in Irish Economic and Social History XVIII, 3447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boyle, J.W. 1983. ‘A marginal figure: the Irish rural labourer’, in (eds.) Clark, S. and Connelly, J.S.Irish Peasants, Violence and Political Unrest, 1780–1914 (Manchester).Google Scholar
Brooke, M.Z. 1970. Le Play: Engineer and Scientist (London).Google Scholar
Bulmer, M. et al. (eds.) 1991. The Social Survey in Historical Perspective 1880–1940 (Cambridge).Google Scholar
Byrne, J. 1960. ‘AE and Sir Horace Plunkett’, in O'Brien, C.C. (ed.), The Shaping of Modern Ireland (London) 152–63.Google Scholar
Chamberlain, J. 1890. Speeches on the Irish Question (Birmingham) 226–74.Google Scholar
Clark, S. 1979. Social Origins of the Irish Land War (Princeton).Google Scholar
Congested districts board for Ireland. 1893. First annual report, 1893. Parliamentary papers. Accounts and Papers, cd. 6908. LXII.Google Scholar
Congested districts board for Ireland. 1920. 27th. report, 1918–19. Parliamentary papers, Reports, Commissioners, cd. 759, XIX.Google Scholar
Crotty, R. 1966. Irish Agricultural Production (Cork) 102–7.Google Scholar
Cullen, L. M. 1972. An Economic History of Ireland since 1660 (London) 134–70.Google Scholar
Curtis, L. 1963. Coercion and Conciliation in Ireland 1880–92: A study in conservative unionism (Princeton).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dept. of agriculture and technical instruction for Ireland (D.A.T.I.), 1901. Ireland: Industrial and Agricultural, Handbook for Irish pavilion, Glasgow international exhibition, 1901 (HMSO, Dublin).Google Scholar
Douglas, R. 1976. Land, People and Politics: A history of the land question in the United Kingdom 1878–1952 (London).Google Scholar
Dudley, Countess of, 1907. ‘Scheme for the establishment of district nurses in the poorer parts of Ireland’, in Irish Rural Life and Industry [Volume produced for Irish international exhibition] (Dublin) 274–80.Google Scholar
Dunraven, Earl of, 1897. The Outlook in Ireland: The Case for Devolution and Conciliation (Dublin).Google Scholar
Ehrlich, C. 1981. ‘Horace Plunkett and agricultural reform’, in Goldstrom, J. and Clarkson, L.A. (eds.), Irish Population, Economy and Society (Oxford) 271–86.Google Scholar
Ellsworth, C. 1960. ‘Theodore Roosevelt's Country Life Commission’, Agricultural History 34, 155–72.Google Scholar
Fitzpatrick, D. 1980. ‘The disappearance of the Irish agricultural labourer, 1814–1912’, Irish Economic and Social History, 7, 6692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fisher, C.A. 1941. ‘Evolution of the Irish railway system’, Economic Geography, 17, 262–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Freeman, W. 1943. ‘The congested districts of western Ireland’, Geographical Review, 33, 114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gailey, A. 1987. Ireland and the Death of Kindness: The Experience of Constructive Unionism 1890–1905 (Cork).Google Scholar
Hansard's, Debates. 1890. 342 and 343.Google Scholar
Hoctor, D. 1971. The Department's Story: A History of the Department of Agriculture (Dublin).Google Scholar
Holman, C. 1937. ‘Sir Horace Plunkett's co-operative philosophy and contribution to American co-operation’, American Co-operation 1937 (Washington) 519.Google Scholar
Hunter, J. 1974. ‘The politics of highland land reform, 1873–95’, Scottish Historical Review, 155, 4668.Google Scholar
Kelly, R.J. 1890. ‘The congested districts’, Jnl. Stat. Soc. Inq. Soc. Ireland, 71, 495.Google Scholar
Kolbert, C.F. and O'Brien, T. 1975. Land Reform in Ireland (Cambridge).Google Scholar
Kennedy, K.A., Giblin, T. and McHugh, D. 1988. The Economic Development of Ireland in the Twentieth Century (Dublin).Google Scholar
Kennedy, L. 19771978. ‘The early response of the Irish catholic clergy to the co-operative movement’, Irish Historical Studies, XXI, 5574.Google Scholar
Kennedy, L. 1991. ‘The economic thought of the nation's lost leader: Charles Stewart Parnell’, in Boyce, D.G. and O'Day, A. (eds.), Parnell in Perspective (London) 171200.Google Scholar
Lee, J. 1973. The Modernisation of Irish Society, 1848–1918 (Dublin) 122–9.Google Scholar
Lee, J. 1989. Ireland 1912–85, Politics and Society (Cambridge).Google Scholar
Local government board (Ireland), report. Parliamentary papers, Reports, Commissioners, cd. 4051, XXXVIII, 1884.Google Scholar
Loughlin, J. 1986. Gladstone, Home Rule and the Ulster Question, 1882–93 (Dublin).Google Scholar
Lyons, F.S.L. 1959. ‘The economic ideas of Parnell’, in Roberts, M. (ed.), Historical Studies (London).Google Scholar
Lyons, F.S.L. 1971. Ireland since the Famine (London).Google Scholar
McDowell, R.B. 1964. The Irish Administration, 1801–1914 (London).Google Scholar
Micks, W.L. 1925. An Account of the Constitution, Administration and Dissolution of the Congested Districts Board for Ireland from 1891 to 1923 (Dublin).Google Scholar
Moody, T.W. ‘ Fenianism, home rule and the land war, 1850–91’ in Moody, T.W. and Martin, F.X. (eds.) The Course of Irish History (Cork) 275–93.Google Scholar
Moody, T.W. 1981. Davitt and Irish Revolution, 1846–82 (Oxford).Google Scholar
Murrey, A.E. 1903. A History of the Commercial and Financial Relations between England and Ireland from the Period of the Restoration (London).Google Scholar
Nolan, W. 1988. ‘New farms and fields: migration policies of state land agencies 1891–1980’, in Smyth, W. and Whelan, K. (eds.), Common Ground. Essays on the Historical Geography of Ireland (Cork) 296319.Google Scholar
O Crohan, T. 1934. The Islandman (Dublin) 308–12.Google Scholar
O'Farrell, E. 1886. ‘The congested districts of Ireland and how to deal with them’, Jul. Stat. Soc. Inq. Soc. Ireland 64, 153.Google Scholar
O'Farrell, P. 1975. England and Ireland since 1800 (Oxford).Google Scholar
O Grada, C. 1977. ‘The beginnings of the Irish creamery system, 1880–1914’, Economic History Review 2cd. ser. xxx (05) 301.Google Scholar
O'Riordan, M. 1905. Catholicity and Progress in Ireland (London).Google Scholar
Plunkett, H. 1905. Ireland in the New Century (London; popular edition with epilogue). Report of Recess Committee on the Establishment of a Department of Agriculture and Industries for Ireland. 1896. (Dublin, Belfast, London).Google Scholar
SirRobinson, H. 1924. Memories: Wise and Unwise (London).Google Scholar
Roche, D. 1982. Local Government in Ireland (Dublin) 44–9.Google Scholar
Russell, T.W. 1889. ‘A resume of the Irish land problem’, The Nineteenth Century (26 10) 608–21.Google Scholar
Russell, W.G. (AE). 1912. Co-operation and Nationality: A Guide for Rural Reformers from this to the Next Generation (Dublin).Google Scholar
Shannon, C.B. 1988. A.J. Balfour and Ireland, 1874–1922 (Washington).Google Scholar
Slater, G. 1902. ‘Rural housing-a lesson from Ireland’, The Contemporary Review 441 (09) 401–10.Google Scholar
Smith-Gordon, L. and Staples, L.C. 1903. Rural Reconstruction in Ireland. A record of Co-operative Organisation (London).Google Scholar
Solow, B.L. 1971. The Land Question and the Irish Economy (Cambridge, Mass.)Google Scholar
Thompson, F.M.L. 1965. ‘Land and politics in England in the nineteenth century’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 5th series, 15, 2344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vaughan, W.E. 1980. ‘An assessment of the economic performance of Irish landlords, 1851–81’, in Lyons, F.S.L. and Hawkins, R.A. (eds.), Ireland under the Union (Oxford) 173–99.Google Scholar
Weitz, R. 1971. From Peasant to Farmer (New York).Google Scholar
Wyndham, G. 1904. The Development of the State (London).Google Scholar
Yates, P.L. 1946. Food, Land and Management in Western Europe (London) 111–13.Google Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 52 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 1st March 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Constructive Unionism and the Shaping of Rural Ireland, c. 1880–1921
Available formats

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Constructive Unionism and the Shaping of Rural Ireland, c. 1880–1921
Available formats

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Constructive Unionism and the Shaping of Rural Ireland, c. 1880–1921
Available formats

Reply to: Submit a response

Your details

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *