Hostname: page-component-7d684dbfc8-7nm9g Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-09-30T09:34:33.628Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "corePageComponentGetUserInfoFromSharedSession": true, "coreDisableEcommerce": false, "coreDisableSocialShare": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForArticlePurchase": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForBookPurchase": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForElementPurchase": false, "coreUseNewShare": true, "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false

THE DIARY OF GEORGE LLOYD (1642–1718): [London Diary]

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 November 2022


Monday, 1 January: Performed my devotion within doeing things till after 11 at prayers at Lothbury within performed my devotion within puting things in order, till neare 5 went to Bowe and there was no prayers there having beene a Sermon the afternoone went to see for my wife at Champnyes and mett her just come out nobody being at home, came home at prayers performed my devotion etc.

Primary source material
Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Royal Historical Society

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


679 St Margaret Lothbury, destroyed during the Great Fire, the church was rebuilt by Christopher Wren 1683–1692 (and tower, 1698–1700). TBE, London 1, 233–235.

680 Probably the church of St-Mary-le-Bow in Cheapside. One of the City's most historic and significant churches, it is famous for its bells. It was destroyed in the Great Fire, and was rebuilt by Wren 1670–1680. TBE, London 1, 242–245.

681 Probably meaning ‘Mrs Luckey's’; the same individual mentioned on 6 January below.

682 St Peter upon Cornhill. An ancient and prominent church standing at the corner of Gracechurch St. and Cornhill. The present building was built by Wren, with the likely assistance of Hooke, in 1677–1684, TBE, London 1, 256–258.

683 One of the major breweries in early 18th-century London, the Peacock was in White Cross St. in Cripplegate, and was owned by the Calvert family: see Pryor, Alan, ‘The industrialisation of the London brewing trade: Part I’, Brewery History, 161 (2015), 73Google Scholar.

684 St Stephen Walbrook, in the heart of the City next to Mansion House. Dating to at least the 11th century, the previous 15th-century church was destroyed by the Great Fire and rebuilt by Wren 1672–1680, TBE, London 1, 260–264.

685 Perhaps the Bear Inn on the eastern side of Basinghall St., very near London Wall, also called the White Bear in Strype's Survey and on Rocque's 1746 map; Harben, Henry, A Dictionary of London (London, 1918)Google Scholar.

686 There is no All Hallows Wood St. Lloyd was probably referring to All Hallows, Bread St., a road that virtually continues Wood St. to the south. Destroyed by the Great Fire, it was partially rebuilt by Wren c.1677–1684. It was demolished in 1878 after the parish was merged with Mary-le-Bow, St, Young, Elizabeth and Young, Wayland, Old London Churches (London, 1956), 4647Google Scholar.

687 St Mary Woolnoth stands at the corner of Lombard St. and King William St. in the City. The current building, designed by Hawksmoor, was funded by the Commission for Building Fifty New Churches, and was completed in 1727, TBE, London 1, 247–249.

688 St Lawrence Jewry, in Gresham St. adjacent to London Guildhall. The original 12th-century church was destroyed in the Great Fire and rebuilt by Wren in 1671–1680, TBE, London 1, 229–230.

689 In the Colchester Diary, Lloyd's use of the chi rho symbol, ☧, always indicated the Sacrament. This seems likely to have remained the case, but Lloyd's even more laconic style of writing here makes it difficult to be certain.

690 One of Lloyd's favourite preachers in his later years; he seems likely to have been Thomas Morer (c.1651/2–1716), rector of St Anne and St Agnes with St Zachary, in Gresham St. just south of the Barbican where Lloyd worked collecting rents. Lloyd evidently had difficulty with the spelling of this name, though he occasionally got it right: see 20 April 1712. Oxonienses, Vol. 3, 1027; CCEd Person ID: 165104.

691 William Higgs was the founder of and later secretary to the Charitable Corporation for the Relief of the Industrious Poor, founded by royal charter in his name in 1707, Carr, C. T. (ed.), Select Charters of Trading Companies, 1530–1707 (London, 1913), 256263Google Scholar. The Charitable Corporation is known to history as the source of a major financial and political scandal in the 1720s and 1730s, by which time it was controlled by a committee of MPs and financiers. For an excellent summary, see Brealey, P., ‘The Charitable Corporation for the Relief of Industrious Poor: Philanthropy, profit and sleaze in London, 1707–1733’, History, 98 (2013), 708729CrossRefGoogle Scholar. The Corporation was essentially a pawn broker which claimed rather grandiose philanthropic intentions; for an early statement of its purpose, see Anon., The New Lombard Houses (London, 1708), GHL, 7.99. Lloyd's diary offers further insight into the apparently crooked nature of the enterprise from its inception: see n. 858, 3 August 1711.

692 Edge of page torn away.

693 Lotteries were a recent innovation embraced by the state as a way of raising revenue through the sale of tickets. The first state lottery, conceived by Thomas Neale, was known as the ‘Million Adventure’, and was held in 1694 to raise funds for the Nine Years’ War. The model was designed to be generous and raise encourage sales of tickets; 100,000 tickets (hence Lloyd's description) were sold for £10 each. There were 2,500 prizes to be won – the highest being £1000 – which would be paid in annuities over 16 years. Non-winning tickets, or ‘blanks’, were effectively government bonds worth £1 per annum for 16 years. The lottery of 1710, held by the Godolphin-Marlborough ministry, was slightly different, with an annuity period of 32 years. Lloyd's precise meaning here is a little uncertain; perhaps Lloyd was involved in collecting revenues for the sale of tickets in 1710, or, perhaps more likely, he may have been collecting his final return from participation in the lottery of 1694. See Murphy, Anne, ‘Lotteries in the 1690s: Investment or gamble?’, Financial History Review, 12 (2005), 227246CrossRefGoogle Scholar, and Bob Harris, ‘Lottery adventuring in Britain, c.1710–1760’, English Historical Review, 133 (2018), 284–322.

694 This was almost certainly John Power (or sometimes Poore), the attainted 9th Baron Power. A Jacobite, he served James II in Ireland as a Lieutenant Colonel. Despite his attainder, by 1715 he was in receipt of a pension and styled ‘Lord Power’. He died in Paris, supposedly murdered by his servant, in 1725: see Complete Peerage, Vol. 6, 287. Power was a tenant of Lady Mathews (for whom Lloyd worked collecting rents) in a tenement between Charing Cross and Spring Gardens. Lloyd appears to have carried out certain duties and favours for Power also. See Gater, G. H. and Wheeler, E. P. (eds), Survey of London: St Martin-in-the-Fields I: Charing Cross (London, 1935), 111113Google Scholar. For some examples of Lloyd’s dealings with Power, see 8 May and 2 October 1711.

695 The line breaks off here.

696 See Introduction, pp. 25–30.

697 Edge of page torn away.

698 The Plough Coffee House, Coleman St., c.1702–1714, LCH, 449.

699 Lillywhite lists five coffee houses with this name in London during Lloyd's time; at Mitre Court off Fleet St., at the Mint, at Crutched Friars, at the Royal Exchange, and finally at Exchange Alley. Lillywhite gives all of these establishments the same years of operation, c.1702–1714, LCH, 547.

700 Bride Lane, just off Fleet St., next to the church of St Bride.

701 Probably St Bartholomew the Great, Smithfield, very near to the Barbican where Lloyd spent much of his time during this later diary. Originally an Augustinian priory founded in the 12th century by the courtier and monk Rahere, after he purportedly saw a vision of St Bartholomew after falling ill on a pilgrimage to Rome. The hospital, of course, survives today. The church was made a parochial church following the Dissolution. During Lloyd's time, the site was in poor repair and had been encroached upon by various other parties, with parts of the church being rented by people for secular purposes, namely physicians, but it was still a functioning church, and the incumbent at the time was John Pountney (1707–1719). TBE, London 1, 196–203; Young and Young, Old London Churches, 68–70.

702 Samuel Baker (1670–1749), rector of St Michael Cornhill from 1705 until his death in 1749. He was also reader at St Michael Bassishaw, 1708–15. See Oxonienses, Vol. 1, 58; CCEd Person ID: 160824. See nn. 856, 26 July 1711, and 900, 10 October 1711.

703 St Michael Cornhill: see 29 November 1677.

704 Samuel Hilliard, who, amongst several other offices, held the lectureship at St Margaret Lothbury from 1698 until 1712: Oxonienses, Vol. 2, 715; CCEd Person ID: 81990.

705 Thomas Stone, in conflict with Lady Mathews, claimed to hold a 99-year lease for buildings and a yard on Barbican Street. This resulted in a Chancery case: Mathewes v. Stone, 1712, TNA C 8/654/26.

706 Ann Darby was evidently a poor tenant; here Lloyd was probably collecting parish relief in payment of her rent.

707 Lillywhite lists two establishments by this name; in Aldersgate St., and in Artillery Lane, both c.1702–1714, LCH, 664.

708 St Swithin London Stone stood on the northern side of Cannon St. It was damaged in the Blitz and demolished in 1962. The eponymous London Stone now stands on display on a plinth in Cannon St.

709 Viols are fretted, stringed, bowed instruments, played upright like a cello. They come in a variety of sizes and tunings, including the bass.

710 Possibly ‘Dagley’.

711 Samuel Moore, Surveyor of the Coast Waiters, was also a noted draughtsman and engraver. He created the plates in Francis Sandford's History of the Coronation of James II … and of … Queen Mary (1687), ODNB. He is mentioned in the correspondences of a number of print and ballad collectors of the period, including John Bagford, Samuel Pepys, and Humfrey Wanley. See Bagford to Wanley, BL, Harley MS 3777, fo. 146; Pepys to Bagford, BL, Harley MS 4966, fo. 129, Wanley to Bagford, 25 June 1701, BL, Harley MS 4966, fo. 127. The last of these suggests that he was not ‘major player’ in these circles; it opens ‘I intreat you to go speedily to Mr More (I think that's his name) and procure of him the Receipt of his Ink […]’. I am very grateful to Tim Somers for providing me with these references.

712 Peter Maybin or Mabin was another Coast Waiter: see Assessment book, Land Tax, Farringdon Without, Walbrook, 1711–1712, LMA, CLC/525/ MS11316/038.

713 London Bridge, still the only bridge in 1711. Lloyd is probably referring to some duties upstream or west of the bridge, beyond the legal quays; the phrase is used in Richard Hayes, Rules for the Port of London, Or, The Water-Side Practice (London, 1722), 117. The watermen, mentioned in the same entry below, were hired to transport assessed goods onward up the Thames, often ‘above the Bridge’. For Lloyd and London Bridge, see also n. 979, 30 April 1712.

714 Originally ‘St Cath’. Probably St Katharine Cree, an ancient church in Leadenhall St. which had existed since at least 1108. The present church was rebuilt in 1628–1631, and is the only surviving City church dating from the first half of the 17th century. It was consecrated by Laud in 1631, and the vestments and service used during the ceremony were later used against him during his trial. See TBE, London 1, 228–229; Young and Young, Old London Churches, 92–94.

715 Originally ‘C. H.’ Frustratingly, Lloyd used the same abbreviation to represent ‘Coffee House’ and ‘Custom House’, and visits to both were frequent. It is usually possible to infer Lloyd's intention, but it is sometimes not immediately obvious. Ambiguity will be noted. Cf. n. 935, 12 January 1712.

716 St Edmund, King and Martyr. Standing in Lombard St., the church is of medieval origin but was destroyed by the Great Fire and rebuilt, probably by Hooke, in 1670–1674; TBE, London 1, 217–218.

717 Lillywhite's list does not include a coffee house with this exact name, but it may be Martin's Street Coffee House, probably at Northumberland House in Aldersgate Ward, ‘on the west side of St Martin's Lane’, which may in the late 17th century have been occasionally referred to as St Martin's St. (though there is in fact a street nearby with this name, dating to the 1690s). This establishment was active c.1702–1714, LCH, 362.

718 Alternatively ‘payment’.

719 A complex of buildings which ‘conveys a vivid impression of the type of large rambling 16th-century mansion that once existed all round London’. Originally founded as a Carthusian Priory by Sir Walter de Manny in 1370, it became a private residence in the 1540s after the Dissolution. In the early 17th century it came into the ownership of Thomas Sutton, who endowed an almshouse, hospital, and school on the site when he died in 1611. It was still functioning in this capacity during Lloyd's lifetime. Lloyd was attending the chapel on the site, which is also still in operation today. See TBE, London 4: North, 614–620.

720 This is scribbled untidily; it looks like 76s, but this seems an unlikely sum.

721 In spite of its toxicity, turpentine has long been used as a medicament; Pepys had it recommended to him by his physician, Dr Alexander Burnet, for the treatment of kidney stones, a malady with which Pepys had a long and troubled history. The turpentine pills were recommended to him in January 1664, and by December of that year, Pepys was attributing his unusually good health to them, Pepys, Vol. 5, 1–2, 359.

722 The original parish church of St Alphage London Wall was abandoned following the Dissolution in favour of the former buildings of Elsing Spital Priory. Destroyed during the First World War, the ruins stand at the corner of London Wall and Wood St., TBE, London 1, 190.

723 The precise location of Higgs's ‘chapel’ is uncertain, but it was referenced in a letter from William Quarles to Archbishop Tenison as one of the locations at which the Nonjuror Thomas Brett preached a controversial sermon which evinced a sacerdotal view of absolution, on 18 November 1711. For the most part, however, the febrile atmosphere of early 18th-century religious controversy rarely makes an impression in Lloyd's diary. See LPL, MS 941 fo. 30.

724 See Introduction, p. 30.

725 St Dionis, Backchurch was a small and wealthy City parish which played a comparatively significant role in the events of Lloyd's diary, as we shall see below. In Langbourne ward, it roughly encompassed the area where Gracechurch St. bisected Fenchurch St. and Lombard St. It was dissolved in 1878. For more on this parish, and a study which influenced my own efforts to piece together the life of Lloyd, see Boulton, Jeremy, ‘Microhistory in early modern London: John Bedford (1601–1667)’, Continuity and Change, 22 (2007), 113141CrossRefGoogle Scholar. See also Young and Young, Old London Churches, 79.

726 Possibly Thomas Morer, a Reader or Lecturer for St Lawrence Jewry in 1700 (see n. 690, 7 January 1711): see CCEd Person ID: 165104. The incumbent for St Lawrence Jewry in 1711 was John Mapletoft: see n. 727.

727 John Mapletoft, MD, DD (1631–1721), was vicar of the united parishes of St Lawrence Jewry and St Mary Magdalen, Milk St. from 1686 until his death. Mapletoft was a Fellow of the Royal Society, president of Sion College, Gresham professor of physic, and a friend of Locke, Hooke, and Tillotson. Like many of the clergy favoured by Lloyd in his London years, Mapletoft had low church, latitudinarian leanings and was an early member of both the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge and the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. ODNB; CCEd Person ID: 126258.

728 The Holkers were a prominent family of Gravesend, Kent, who owned a series of breweries, inns, and, it seems, wharfs in the town. It is therefore unsurprising that Lloyd knew them, since his Customs work occasionally took him to Gravesend (see below). The Lawrence Holker mentioned here would have been a young man; he would commence his studies at Pembroke College, Cambridge, the following year, before pursuing a career as a physician. His father, Thomas Holker, son of Lawrence Holker (d.1708) is the ‘Mr Holker’ referred to regularly below. See Cantabrigienses, Vol. 1, pt. 2, 392; Will of Lawrence Holker, Gentleman of Gravesend, Kent, 1708, TNA, PROB 11/504/196, and Will of Lawrence Holker, Doctor in Physic of Milton next Gravesend, Kent, 1738, PROB 11/690/263. No will for Thomas Holker survives.

729 Whether this was St Dunstan-in-the-East on St Dunstan's Hill near the Tower of London, or St Dunstan-in-the-West in Fleet St. is unclear; elsewhere, Lloyd sometimes specifies.

730 Probably William Haley, rector of St Giles-in-the-Fields from 1695 until his death in 1715.

731 Temple Church is a royal peculiar off Fleet St., consecrated in 1185 as the headquarters of the Knights Templar in England, TBE, London 1, 266–270.

732 Peter Lekeux (1648–1723) master weaver and, by his death, a colonel in the Tower Hamlets trained bands. The Lekeux family, of Huguenot origin, was one of England's most important silk-weaving families, and Lekeux himself was one of the founders of the Royal Lustring Company in 1692, ODNB.

733 Probably the same establishment as the ‘Bear’, mentioned above: see n. 685, 6 January 1711; see also 19 January and 21 July 1711.

734 Perhaps the Spread Eagle in Gracechurch St., a prominent coaching inn which dates back at least to the 17th century, Hotten, John Camden (ed.), The Little London Directory of 1677 (London, 1863). See p. 313Google Scholar, 3 March 1711.

735 Postpartum confinement, usually for about a month; for a useful introduction to the cultural practices surrounding childbirth in early modern England, see Wilson, Adrian, ‘The ceremony of childbirth and its interpretation’, in Fildes, Valerie (ed.), Women as Mothers in Pre-Industrial England: Essays in Memory of Dorothy McLaren (London, 1990), 68107Google Scholar.

736 In other words, a kind of security or deposit to finalize an agreement or transaction. In this case, it appears that Lloyd may have been securing the employment of Mrs Ladyman's daughter, either in his own service or that of another individual – perhaps Lady Mathews.

737 Thomas Wilson (1663–1755), bishop of Sodor and Man from 1697 until his death. Popular for his personal piety, integrity, and charitable disposition, Wilson appears to have been held in particular esteem by Lloyd. Like many of Lloyd's favourite churchmen, he was a proponent of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. Wilson was a noted advocate of religious toleration; one biographer has suggested that the ‘mutual respect Wilson shared with non-Anglican Christians suggests some degree of proleptic ecumenism’, ODNB. A ‘life’ of Wilson printed in an 18th-century edition of his works claims that ‘he was so great a friend to toleration, that the Papists who resided in the island […] not unfrequently attended his sermons and his prayers. The Dissenters too attended even the Communion-Service, as he had allowed them a liberty to sit or stand; which, however, they did not make use of, but behaved in the same manner with those of the established Church.’ C. Cruttwell (ed.), The Works of the Right Reverend Father in God Thomas Wilson, D.D. (London, 1782), 57.

738 Originally ‘Xt’; perhaps denotes the Sacrament.

739 Robert Moss, DD (c.1666–1729), held the Tuesday Lectureship at St Lawrence Jewry, from 1708 until 1727. He was made chaplain to William III in 1701, and also served Anne and George I. He became dean of Ely in 1713 and rector of Gilston, Hertfordshire, the following year. Moss was a skilled and popular preacher. A vocal high churchman and Tory, he publicly supported Sacheverell throughout the controversies of 1710. ODNB; CCEd Person ID: 17976.

740 Cheriton, a tiny Hampshire village some fifteen miles from Wonston, Lloyd's birthplace.

741 See Introduction, p. 31. Perhaps a coach for Wiltshire left from the Rose with the mail. See also two references to a carrier at the Rose, 29 December 1677.

742 Medicine.

743 Perhaps George Stanhope, DD (1660–1728), who had been Tuesday Lecturer at St Lawrence Jewry until 1708, and a reader at the same church until 1711. He was also rector of St Nicholas, Deptford, and dean of Canterbury (1704). Like Robert Moss, who preceded him as Lecturer at St Lawrence (see n. 739, 6 February 1711), Stanhope was a noted Tory and high churchman. ODNB; CCEd Person ID: 3379.

744 This citation is ambiguous; originally ‘Ron:’, followed by a messy deletion. ‘What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision?’ Romans 3:1, which seems like an unusual choice of sermon.

745 Possibly Wither's Coffee House, listed by Lillywhite as existing in Jewin St. during c.1702–1714, LCH, 661.

746 Perhaps Thomas Lewis, who was a Jerquer in the Customs House in 1711: see Assessment book, Land Tax, Farringdon Without, Walbrook, 1711–1712, LMA, CLC/525/ MS11316/038.

747 ‘Above the bars’ suggests a premises in that part of the parish St Andrew Holborn which sat outside the jurisdiction of the City.

748 St Helen's, Bishopsgate; a large medieval church which survived the Great Fire, it was Shakespeare's parish church in the 1590s. TBE, London 1, 221–226.

749 St Clement Eastcheap, in Clement's Lane off what is now King William St. It was destroyed in the Great Fire and was rebuilt by Wren in 1683–1687, TBE, London 1, 212–213.

750 St Stephen Coleman St. was originally a chapel of ease for St Olave Old Jewry before being made a parish in 1456. It was burned in the Great Fire and rebuilt by Wren in the late 1670s. Sadly, it was destroyed during the Blitz in 1940 and not rebuilt; Young and Young, Old London Churches, 128–129.

751 Probably ‘Mr Rowlandson’, mentioned frequently throughout. I have not identified this individual, but context would suggest that he was a lawyer; 24 April 1711.

752 St Dunstan-in-the-West in Fleet St. has medieval origins, being first mentioned c.1170. The medieval church was demolished in the 19th century to facilitate the widening of Fleet St., and the present building was constructed to the design of John Shaw in 1830–1833, TBE, London 1, 214–217.

753 A grocery market constructed after the Great Fire off the northern end of Wood St., partially on the site of All Hallows’ Church, which was burned but not rebuilt. It was closed in 1835 and subsequently was the site of the City of London School. See Cripplegate, 127–128.

754 Uncertain; this may mean ‘Custom House’ or ‘Coffee House’.

755 Originally ‘Queens Arms C.H’. This seems very likely to have been the Queen's Arms Coffee House at the Custom House, c.1702–1714, as listed by Lillywhite. It may also have been the better-documented Queen's Arms Tavern, sometimes described as a coffee house, on Ludgate Hill c.1706–1833, LCH, 461–464.

756 Probably Philip Stubbs (1665–1738), though Lloyd was mistaken in his attribution of ‘Doctor’. Stubbs was a renowned preacher and, again, an early proponent of the SPG. He was rector of Woolwich (1694–1699) and subsequently St Alphage London Wall (1699) and St James Garlickhythe (1705). Stubbs vacated these livings when he became archdeacon of St Albans, though in 1719 he became rector of Launton, Oxfordshire. ODNB; CCEd Person ID: 3485.

757 ‘Tom's Coffee House’ was an extremely popular name for such establishments in the early 18th century, and several existed in London during Lloyd's time. They included: premises in Birchin Lane, c.1702–1749, which was also known as ‘Old Tom's’ to distinguish it from the establishments: on Cornhill, at No. 3, possibly established in 1714; at Fulwood's Rents, Holborn, 1702–1714; at Ludgate, or Half Moon Court, Ludgate Hill, c.1699–1715; in Wood St., Cheapside, c.1714–1741; in Spring Garden, Charing Cross, c.1711–1725; a prominent and oft-referenced Tom's in St Martin's Lane, c.1695–1761; in Russell St., Covent Garden, c.1700–1814; one reference to an establishment in Maiden Lane, Covent Garden, c.1711; and finally in Devereux Court, near Temple Bar, again a notable coffee house with many famous patrons, c.1702–1775. See LCH, 580–596.

758 John Pullen or Pulleyn (c.1683/4–1713), appointed rector of St Clement's Eastcheap in 1707, he held the living until his death. He was also made rector of Warcham St Michael, Dorset, in 1713. Oxonienses, Vol. 3, p. 1219; CCEd Person ID: 165932.

759 Lionel Gatford, DD (1665–1715). Amongst several other appointments, Gatford was rector of St Dionis Backchurch from 1684 until his death. He was also made archdeacon of St Albans in 1713 and precantor and treasurer of St Paul's Cathedral in 1714. Cantabrigienses, Vol. 1, pt. 2, 200; CCEd Person ID: 88733.

760 November?

761 Again, there are a number of candidates for this location: at York Buildings, Buckingham St. (c.1681–1714); in Queen St., Cheapside (c.1702–1714); The Sun, Sunn, or Sunne Tavern, ‘behind the Royal Exchange (well documented, referenced from 1651 until 1734 at least); in Chancery Lane (c.1702–1714); and at ‘Holbourne Conduit’ (c.1702–1736?). Since Lloyd mentions visiting ‘Bow’ – probably meaning St Mary-le-Bow in Cheapside – immediately afterward, we might suggest that the most likely location is that in Queen St., Cheapside; LCH, 556–558.

762 See Introduction, pp. 28–30.

763 An unusual name: I have not been able to identify this individual. Note that this is not a reference to the Italian city of Treviso.

764 Probably referring to taking in ships on the ‘middle’ quays in the Port of London.

765 Lloyd was probably referring to St Augustine, Watling St., owing it its proximity to St Paul's. First mentioned c.1148, it was destroyed in the Great Fire and rebuilt by Wren in 1680–1684, with the tower completed in 1695–1696. The church was destroyed during the Blitz, and though the body was not rebuilt, the tower was restored and incorporated into St Paul's Cathedral Choir School, TBE, London 1, 336–337.

766 The identity of this preacher is unclear; he was not rector at St Mary-le-Bow (or St Mary Bow, Stratford). No one with appropriate dates appears in Oxonienses or Cantabrigienses, nor are any contemporary sermons printed under this name or similar (Lazenby, Lassenby, Lasenby). Lloyd's hand here is quite clear.

767 Perhaps 1 Corinthians 13:4–5: ‘Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, [5] Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil …’

768 The will of Elizabeth Lloyd makes reference to a ‘Mr Amy of Camberwell and his Wife’ but provides no further detail. It seems most likely that they were distant relations of hers, and they are completely omitted from George Lloyd's will.

769 Originally the Augustinian priory of St Mary Overie, it became a parish church after the Dissolution with a new dedication to St Saviour. In 1905, it became Southwark Cathedral, TBE, London 2: South, 564–572.

770 Probably Ichabod Tipping, DD, a rather obscure figure, rector of St Giles Camberwell from 1691 until his death in 1727; CCEd Person ID 96287: see also Douglas Allport, Collections Illustrative of the Geology, History, Antiquities, and Associations, of Camberwell, and the Neighbourhood (London, 1841), 109. Interestingly, Tipping was a founding subscriber to the joint stock of the Charitable Corporation, mentioned in its 1708 charter: see Carr, Select Charters, 257.

771 ‘Woe unto the world because of offences! for it must needs be that offences come; but woe to that man by whom the offence cometh!’ Matthew 18:7.

772 This seems likely to have been Philip Oddy, gentleman of Islington, whose will states that he also owned property in Bermondsey, south of the Thames, as well as in Saffron Walden and Ashdon in Essex: see will, TNA, PROB 11/694/304. Oddy witnessed the wills of both George and Elizabeth Lloyd, though he appears to have been a relative of the latter. He was an uncle of Philip Oddy, DD (d.1731), rector of Clifton, Bedfordshire. The family may have been of Yorkshire origin: Cantabrigienses, Vol. 1, pt. 3, 274.

773 St Vedast Foster Lane is of very ancient origin, perhaps pre-dating the Norman Conquest. It was severely damaged, though not completely destroyed, by the Great Fire, and the ruins were restored ‘by parochial initiative’ in 1669–1672. The church was again rebuilt, by Wren, in 1695–1701, and a new spire added in 1709–1712, TBE, London 1, 265–266.

774 Various quack ‘medicines’ were available in 18th-century London; this one is rather obscure. Lloyd sometimes refers to it has ‘Hunter's Elixir’; a substance of the same name (alongside ‘Hunter's Restorative’) is included in Burn, Richard, The Justice of the Peace, and Parish Officer (London, 1788), 129Google Scholar, in a ‘Schedule of Medicines subject to the Duties’, though this may have referred to a later cure-all.

775 Perhaps Mr Snell's wife or servant.

776 William Johnson was one of Lloyd's fellow Coast Waiters in 1711, LMA, CLC/525/ MS11316/038.

777 Probably St Margaret Pattens, which stands in Rood Lane. Dating to at least the 18th century, the church was rebuilt once c.1538 and again, by Wren, after its destruction in the Great Fire, in 1684–1687, TBE, London 1, 235–236.

778 John Rocque's 1746 map of London has a Crooked Billet standing in Long Alley, near the former Moorfields area, in what is now Finsbury and very close to Charterhouse, where Lloyd had just been praying.

779 Thomas Bromfield and John Oneby, ‘gentlemen’, are listed as subscribers of the joint stock of the Charitable Corporation in its original charter of 1708, Carr, Select Charters, 257.

780 Samuel Bradford (1652–1731). Bradford was lecturer at St Mary-le-Bow before being made rector there in 1693. In 1697, he also became reader at All Hallows Bread St. Created DD by Queen Anne in 1705, he became prebend of Westminster. In 1716 he became master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. He subsequently was appointed bishop of Carlisle in 1718 and then bishop of Rochester, replacing the high churchman, Tory, and Jacobite Francis Atterbury in 1723. A low churchman and Whig, he was a member of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, of which Lloyd was a patron. ODNB; CCEd Person ID: 92213.

781 Probably ‘handkerchief’.

782 St Olave, Old Jewry. It was rebuilt by Wren in 1671–1679 following its destruction in the Great Fire, and subsequently demolished in 1892. Only the tower now remains, which was converted into a rectory for St Margaret Lothbury, TBE, London 1, 256.

783 John Waugh (1661–1734) was a fellow at his alma mater, Queen's College, Oxford, from 1688 until 1691, during which time he tutored Thomas Hearne, who praised his teaching but criticized his whiggish sympathies. BD and DD in 1691, he lectured at St Bride's and at a chapel of ease at St-Martin-in-the-Fields until he was made rector of St Peter Cornhill in 1704. He became bishop of Carlisle in 1723, replacing Samuel Bradford (mentioned above), but was allowed to keep his living at St Peter Cornhill because his new bishopric was considered too poor to support him. ODNB; CCEd Person ID: 167228.

784 Charles Trimnell (1663–1723) was made bishop of Norwich in 1708. Like the other churchmen referenced in this section of the diary, Trimnell was an ardent whig, and condemned Sacheverell in the House of Lords during his impeachment, an event Lloyd would have been very aware of, as the most pressing matter of the day. Thus we can tentatively build up an impression of Lloyd as a man of whiggish sympathies. ODNB; CCEd Person ID: 128213.

785 The English name for Wuyi teas, a category of black teas including oolong and lapsang souchong. In the early 18th century, it appears to have been regarded as having medicinal qualities; an advertisement from 1710 describes it as ‘the most absolute Cure for Consumptions, inward Wastings, and all other Decays of Nature whatsoever’. The advertisement also claims that the tea could only be obtained at Batson's Coffee House by the Royal Exchange: perhaps this is where Lloyd purchased his goods from Mr Keyes? See Anon., The Volatile Spirit of Bohee-Tea (London, 1710).

786 ‘Mrs Clarke of Islington’ is mentioned in the will of Elizabeth Lloyd, as the mother-in-law of Philip Oddy: see nn. 768 and 772 at 9 March 1711.

787 Benjamin Ibbot (1680–1725), was a favourite of Thomas Tenison, whiggish latitudinarian, and archbishop of Canterbury from 1694 until 1715. Tenison made Ibbot treasurer of Wells Cathedral in 1707, and also conferred him the living of St Vedast-alias-Foster and St Michael-le-Querne. An ardent supporter of the Hanoverian succession, he became chaplain-ordinary to George I in 1716 and DD in 1717. ODNB; CCEd Person ID: 36204.

788 Off Eastcheap very near to St Dunstan-in-the-East, St Mary-at-Hill was founded in the 12th century, destroyed in the Great Fire, and rebuilt by Wren in 1670–1674, TBE, London 1, 245–247.

789 Very cramped and unclear in margin.

790 His nephew ‘Cousin Nicholas’.

791 Not listed by Lillywhite, and I can find no record of such an establishment.

792 Presumably Lloyd is referring to the church closest to his home, or perhaps closest to the Custom House, which would have been St Dunstan-in-the-East: see n. 651, 21 December 1677.

793 Or ‘Purton’.

794 St Bartholomew-by-the-Exchange stood at the corner of Bartholomew Lane and Threadneedle St. Destroyed in the Great Fire, it was rebuilt by Wren in the late 1670s, before being demolished in 1841: Young and Young, Old London Churches, 67–68; Cripplegate, 133.

795 St Giles-without-Cripplegate, a rare example of a medieval church in London, having survived the Great Fire and damage during the Blitz, TBE, London 1, 219–220.

796 Most likely in St John St., West Smithfield Bars, references to this establishment range between 1702 and 1744, LCH, 158.

797 St Martin Ludgate on Ludgate Hill probably dates to the 12th century, though legend holds that it was founded by Cadwallader in 677. The present building, however, was constructed by Wren, 1677–1684, following its destruction in the Great Fire, TBE, London 1, 237–238.

798 Richard Walker, brother of Lloyd's wife Elizabeth. His will, which was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 17 October 1730, styles him a ‘gentleman’. It directs that he should be buried at Camberwell, alongside his ‘sister Dell’ (see 28 July 1712) and an unmentioned Elizabeth and George, TNA, PROB 11/640/212. We cannot be certain of his occupation, but there was a Tide Surveyor named Richard Walker employed by the Customs in 1711, LMA, CLC/525/ MS11316/038.

799 I can find no references to a coffee house in Mincing Lane in 1711.

800 ‘A woollen stuff, twilled on both sides’, Spufford and Mee, Clothing of the Common Sort, 272.

801 Probably St Anne and St Agnes in Gresham St., rebuilt after the Great Fire by Wren in 1677–1687, TBE, London 1, 95–96.

802 Identity unclear, though the will of Philip Oddy (see n. 772, 9 March 1711) mentions a ‘Brother and Sister Bennett’, a ‘Nephew Philip Bennett’, and was witnessed by a Thomas Bennett. Neither George nor Elizabeth Lloyd included any Bennetts in their respective wills.

803 The headquarters of the East India Company, then at Craven House, neighbouring the previous premises, the former house of Sir Christopher Clitherow (1578–1641) in Leadenhall St. The Company occupied ‘Old’ East India House from 1648 until 1726, when it was rebuilt and reopened in 1729. See Foster, William, The East India House (London, 1924)Google Scholar.

804 St Clement's, Eastcheap.

805 1 Corinthians 10:16.

806 Originally ‘Can’; this expansion is a little speculative and could also be interpreted as ‘Cannon’, the name of at least one establishment listed by Lillywhite, but first mentioned in 1729. It stood in Cockspur St., LCH, 146. However, Lloyd makes clear references to similar appointments at the Christian Coffee House above and below.

807 Likely Mr Jones's wife or servant.

808 Or ‘Coach’. Very tight binding.

809 This word torn away.

810 ‘Clean’ water was a valuable commodity in 18th-century London, and those who wished to access it had to purchase it through private companies such as the New River Company. For an account of the commercialization of water in early modern London, see Mark S. R. Jenner, ‘From conduit community to water network? Water in London, 1500–1725’, in Paul Griffiths and Mark S. R. Jenner (eds), Londinopolis: Essays in the Cultural and Social History of Early Modern London (Manchester, 2000), 250–272.

811 Ambiguous: originally ‘C.H’.

812 Porter's Quay, one of the ‘legal quays’ at the Port of London: see n. 303, 19 May 1676.

813 Originally ‘Q. A. C. H.’

814 From the Irish uisce beatha, meaning ‘water of life’, in other words, whiskey.

815 In King St., Cheapside. Referenced between 1685 and 1878, LCH, 252–254.

816 Obscure owing to very tight binding.

817 In other words, fees accruing for Customs work (probably ‘receiving’ ships) at Rochester, Kent, on the River Medway.

818 The rather vague medical lexicon of early 18th-century England makes absolute certainty of identification impossible, but the 1708 edn of Steven Blankaart's Physical Dictionary describes turmeric as ‘an Indian Root’, which ‘is reckoned the best of all Medicines for opening Obstructions’ (p. 93). Other authorities from the 17th and 18th centuries seem to use the term to refer to various ‘rhubarb’ roots. One example is Mechoacan (Mexican) or ‘White Rhubarb’ (also described as ‘Bryony’, actually a member of the gourd family and not a rhubarb), which ‘purgeth Fleam and watry humours without griping’, Alexander Read, Most Excellent and Approved Medicines and Remedies (London, 1651), 4. By 1710, William Salmon (an archetypal 18th-century quack) writes approvingly of ‘True Indian or China Rheubarb’, or ‘True Indian Root’ (perhaps Rheum palmatum, still sometimes called Chinese rhubarb or East Indian Rhubarb, a folk medicine) claiming that ‘divers of our Physicians have oftentimes used them, with many other Persons, to very good purpose’, Botanologia: The English Herbal (London, 1710), 939.

819 The church of St Mary Aldermanbury stood at the junction of Aldermanbury and Love Lane. It was destroyed in the Great Fire and rebuilt by Wren in 1671–1675. It was gutted during the Blitz, and its remains were transported to Westminster College Fulton, Missouri, where it was rebuilt in 1965–1969, TBE, London 1, 413–414.

820 Edward Hyde, 3rd earl of Clarendon (1661–1723), also known as Lord Cornbury, had inherited the earldom in 1709. A Tory, Clarendon had in 1711 recently returned from the North America after a controversial tenure as governor of New York and New Jersey, which was mired by scurrilous accusations of financial impropriety and transvestitism. Upon his return, he was elevated to the privy council, and played an active role in the House of Lords, ODNB. Lloyd's diary seems to suggest that he was somehow involved in the affairs of the Charitable Corporation, perhaps as a contact ‘inside’ the corridors of official power, though I have found no corroborating evidence of this: see 4 December 1711.

821 A firkin is a historic unit of measurement or barrel size for beer and ale, amongst other commodities. A firkin of beer contained nine gallons.

822 Perhaps Philip Castell (c.1675–1718), rector of St Bartholomew-the-Less from 1701 to 1715, and later rector of Christ Church Newgate from 1715 until his death in 1718: Cantabrigienses, Vol. 1, pt. 1, 305; CCEd Person ID: 161763.

823 I have not been able to identify ‘Lady Swan’ with any certainty; however, an authority of the same name is mentioned amongst the collection of medical recipes assembled by Elizabeth Freke, Lloyd’s contemporary and fellow ‘life-writer’. Freke copied a recipe entitled ‘To prevent miscarrying proved. Lady Swan.’ See Oren-Magidor, D., ‘Literate laywomen, male medical practitioners and the treatment of fertility problems in early modern England’, Social History of Medicine, 29 (2016), 308CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

824 Very untidy and unclear.

825 Possibly referring to a small, thin sword carried as a fashion accessory, OED.

826 This was either the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (established 1698) or the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (established 1701), both founded by Thomas Bray, rector at St Botolph’s, Aldgate, ODNB. Whilst Bray was doctrinally pragmatic in his efforts to establish his Societies, his biographer notes that he was ‘no non-juror’, and that he supported the Hanoverian Succession. For a recent account of the history and historiography of the SPCK and the SPG, see D. Manning, ‘Anglican religious societies, organisations, and missions’, in J. Gregory (ed.), The Oxford History of Anglicanism, Vol. 2: Establishment and Empire, 1662–1829 (Oxford, 2017), 429–451.

827 Cf. 21 and 23 June 1677, 21 July 1677, 9 August 1677, and 1, 22, 24, 26, and 27 September 1677. It may have been more than a coincidence that Lloyd’s clockmaker of choice was named Fordham in the 1670s and in 1711, since such trades were often passed down through families. A John Fordham of Dunmow, Essex, manufactured surviving clocks dating from 1680. There was a Joseph Fordham, of Bocking, Essex, trading c.1700. A Thomas Fordham was admitted to the Company of Clockmakers in London in 1687, and a surviving clock dating from 1730 was made by a man of the same name trading in Braintree. C. Clutton, G. H. Baillie, and C. A. Ilbert (eds), Britten’s Old Clocks and Watches and their Makers (London, 1975), 394.

828 Blackwall Point is opposite Poplar (the north-east corner of the Isle of Dogs), on the south bank of a distinctive bend in the Thames.

829 The Crown and Anchor – Lloyd mixed up its name – stood in Woolwich High St. from the 17th century until its demolition in 1974, Peter Guillery (ed.), Survey of London, Vol. 48: Woolwich (London, 2012), 52.

830 Now the site of New Tavern Fort, which stands on the south bank of the Thames between Gravesend and Milton. The fort was built to shore up perceived weaknesses in defences of the Thames and London following the American War of Independence; the New Tavern Inn, then owned by one Mr Houghton, was purchased by act of Parliament, such was the site's strategic significance. Cruden, Robert Pierce, The History of the Town of Gravesend (London, 1843), 438Google Scholar.

831 Probably St George's Church, Gravesend.

832 A unit of weight; prior to standardization in the 19th century, this could mean an avoirdupois drachm (1/16 of an ounce) or an apothecary's drachm (1/8 of an ounce); the latter is perhaps more likely in this context.

833 Gascon or Gascoigne Powder was a popular cure-all in early modern England. The recipe, which includes ingredients such as powdered pearl, crab's eyes, and white amber, features in the Countess of Kent's Choice Manual (London, 1653), 172–173.

834 I have found references to ‘The Flushing’ particularly difficult to trace; it seems to have stood in the High St. since at least the late 16th century, being mentioned in a couple of Recognizances from West Kent Quarter Sessions: see KRO, QM/RLv/31/6; QM/RLv/32/2. It may also have been known as The George, KRO, Gr/A1120/7.

835 There was no official Custom House in Gravesend until 1782; prior to this, Customs officers used various local inns as their headquarters, as Lloyd describes. Hence, Lloyd is probably referring to a coffee house, or perhaps an informal ‘Customs House’.

836 Perhaps Matthew Tretane, a Tide Surveyor in the Customs in 1711, LMA, CLC/525/ MS11316/038.

837 Originally ‘Northfle’. Unclear if Lloyd means the minister of Northfleet or Swanscombe, both of which are west of Gravesend, some two miles apart. Either Robert Barry, installed at Northfleet 1708: Oxoniensis, Vol. 1, 79; Cecil Fielding, The Records of Rochester (Dartford, 1910), 199–201; CCEd Person ID: 382. Or Henry Bosse, rector of Swanscombe 1705–1737: Cantabrigienses, Vol. 1, pt. 4, 183; CCEd Person ID: 616.

838 In other words, Lloyd was going about his official Customs business, taking account of the cargoes of a ship bearing coal towards London.

839 Rochester, some eight miles south-east of Gravesend, famous for its beautiful and ancient cathedral.

840 I have not been able to trace this preacher; it may have been a curate. The rector at Gravesend at this time was William Savage (c.1670–1736), later master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge; Alumni Cantabrigienses, Vol. 1, pt. 4, 22; CCEd Person ID: 2955.

841 Milton-next-Gravesend, then a semi-rural ecclesiastical parish, served by the church of St Peter and Paul. The rector at this time was William Wall (1647–1728). His primary living was Shoreham, Kent, which he held from 1674 until his death, only taking on Milton in 1708. In this case, Lloyd probably heard either Wall himself or his curate, one Mr Thomas. Wall also published a number of theological writings, the most well known of which was A History of Infant Baptism (London, 1705). ODNB; CCEd Person ID: 3593.

842 Perhaps a boat.

843 Tight binding: possibly ‘Fam’ as in ‘Family’, but ‘H’ looks more likely.

844 At this time Lloyd appears to have been plagued with a boil, wound, or sore that would not heal. This may have been the same malady alluded to on 6 June 1711.

845 Near the Barbican, London.

846 An open field which lay just north of Prescot St., Whitechapel.

847 Lloyd was probably enquiring about a ‘truss’ in a medical context; that is, a strap or bandage to apply pressure to his ‘rupture’.

848 Standing just south of the junction of Cornhill, Threadneedle St., and Poultry, the Stocks market took its name from the disciplinary stocks which once stood at the site. The market building, which was home to butchers and fishmongers, had first been erected in the time of Edward I, but was destroyed during the Great Fire and rebuilt. It was eventually demolished in 1739 during the construction of Mansion House. See Pepys, Vol. 10, 404.

849 A joint stool was a very common piece of domestic furniture, a small rectangular piece of seating.

850 All Hallows Barking, also known as All Hallows-by-the-Tower. An ancient church, it was first mentioned in 1086 as a possession of Barking Abbey in Essex, and is the only London church with standing Anglo-Saxon elements, TBE, London 1, 184–186.

851 ‘Plaisterer’ is an antiquated spelling of the word ‘plasterer’, the ancient building occupation, which survives today in the name of the London livery company of the Worshipful Company of Plaisterers. Why Lloyd was paying for plastering for or by Powell, from whom he usually bought brandy, is unclear; perhaps he was carrying out a favour, or dealing with a different Powell.

852 A distillation of ‘balm’ or mint leaves, to relieve digestive discomfort. According to William Salmon, the recipe for ‘Water of Balm’ is as follows: ‘Take of Spirits ten gallons, Water five gallons, Aniseeds one pound, Balm-Leaves eight handfuls; mix and distill them, draw nine gallons of Water, and sweeten it with Sugar’, The Family-Dictionary, or, Houshold Companion (London, 1705), 364.

853 The area around the point at which Old London Bridge met Southwark on the south bank of the Thames.

854 Lillywhite finds several examples of this name: one ‘behind the Exchange’ at ‘Sweeting's Rents’ or Sweeting's Alley’, first referred to by Pepys in 1663, and references continue until 1749; at West Smithfield (probably a tavern in its early days) c.1700–1834; opposite Tower Gate on Tower St., first mentioned in 1720 but potentially extant in 1711; finally at Ludgate Hill, ‘near the bridge’, c.1705–1732, LCH, 314–315 and 708.

855 Built to serve the lawyers of Lincoln's Inn, the old medieval chapel was demolished in 1618 and rebuilt by John Clarke in c.1620–1623. The chapel is often mistakenly attributed to Inigo Jones, who was in fact merely the first choice of architect for the job. The foundation stone was laid by John Donne, Young and Young, Old London Churches, 219–220.

856 The church of St Michael Bassishaw, which stood in Basinghall Street immediately to the north of the Guildhall. Originally dating from the 12th century, it was destroyed in the Great Fire and rebuilt by Wren in 1679. Structural weaknesses were discovered in its foundations in 1892; thereafter it was closed (and the parish merged with St Lawrence Jewry), before its demolition at the turn of the 20th century. Young and Young, Old London Churches, 114–115.

857 See Introduction, p. 27.

858 William Higgs was a con-artist of sorts, and it is interesting to speculate how much Lloyd knew of his true character. In this case, he was arrested for masquerading as the servant of one or more foreign diplomats while ‘not being Registered according to the late Act of Parliament’ (Diplomatic Privileges Act; 7 Anne c. 12); Sir Edward Northey, to unknown, 29 August 1711, TNA, SP 34/37/48, fos 91–92. He did this in order to try to gain diplomatic immunity from his unhappy creditors. The diplomats themselves seem also to have fallen prey to his deception; Friedrich Bonet, Prussian Resident in London and Higgs's unsuspecting employer, initially protested against the arrest and demanded Higgs's release, claiming he was ‘detained Prisoner to my detriment and his own’ in violation of ‘the Law of Nations’; Friedrich Bonet to unknown, 22 August 1711, TNA, SP 34/37/37, fo. 72. Later, Bonet's opinion appears to have swayed: he wrote that ‘Mr Fortescue the Chief Plaintiff against My Servant William Higgs and the Under Sheriff attended on me, and gave him a very bad character, desiring that I should withdraw my protection from him, in order that the said Plaintiff may gett his own.’ He promised that ‘should the said Higgs prove such a knave as represented by the Plaintiff, I will turn him out of My Service’, but maintained that ‘should he prove an honest man, as I was assured by other hands he is, I would protect him.’ However, the aforementioned Act of Parliament ensured that Bonet did not, in fact, have the power to protect Higgs, since it provided that ‘no merchant or other trader whatsoever […] shall put himself into the service of any such ambassador or publick minister’, presumably in order to prevent this very situation. The man responsible for Higgs's arrest, John Fortescue (or someone with the same name) was an investor named in the original charter of the Charitable Corporation; Carr, Select Charters, 257; Memorandum, possibly in connection with the case of W[illia]m Higgs, 1711?, TNA, SP 34/37/39, fo. 74. The case against Higgs appears to have gone no further; Northey suggested (in the same letter) that there was no judge available to hear it.

859 This could be St Andrew Holborn (Holborn Viaduct), St Andrew Undershaft (Leadenhall St. and St Mary Axe), or St-Andrew-by-the-Wardrobe (then at Puddle Dock Hill; now in Queen Victoria St.), TBE, London 1, 190–195.

860 Unclear: cramped and untidy due to tight binding.

861 ‘Sewage’?

862 Perhaps the 3rd earl of Clarendon, mentioned at Thursday, 24 May 1711.

863 Thomas Green (c. 647/8–1720). Fellow (1673–1679) and DD (1684), Peterhouse, Cambridge. Rector of St Olave Old Jewry 1768–1720; also prebend of Norwich and rector of St Martin Pomeroy. Cantabrigienses, Vol. 1, pt. 2, 258; CCEd Person ID: 163576.

864 Untidy: perhaps ‘Hall’.

865 Perhaps the ‘Smyrna’, near ‘the west end of of the church and churchyard in St Peter's Alley’ in Cornhill, c.1693–1714, LCH, 532. Subsequent references by Lloyd to a coffee house at ‘Peters Alley’ (as oppose to St Peter's) probably refer to the same establishment.

866 See n. 693, 8 January 1711. Lottery tickets in the early 18th century were expensive financial investments, and could be purchased collectively alongside fellow ‘adventurers’; it seems Lloyd wanted a ticket of his own.

867 A civil parish immediately north and east of Slough.

868 Slough.

869 Thomas Dawson (d.1740), DD Cantab. (1714), rector of New Windsor (1703) and Wexham (1708), was married to Lady Mathews's daughter Elizabeth, TNA, C 8/654/26 (Mathews v. Stone). See also Cantabrigienses, Vol. 1, pt. 2, 22; CCEd Person ID: 24236.

870 There is no cathedral in Windsor, but Lloyd was probably referring to the Royal Peculiar of St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle, which is very large and cathedral-like in appearance.

871 Andrew Snape, DD (1675–1742), then headmaster of the nearby Eton College, ODNB.

872 Terrace?

873 Another term for a chaise, or small, light carriage with a folding ‘calash’ roof, OED.

874 A historic tavern and playhouse of great note, on the north side of Ludgate Hill in the City of London, from the early 15th century until 1873. See Herbert Berry, ‘The Bell Savage Inn and Playhouse in London’, Medieval & Renaissance Drama in England, 19 (2006), 121–143.

875 Or ‘pay’.

876 Probably the Farthing Pie House in Marylebone, on Euston Rd. It was subsequently the Green and now Greene Man, and is still trading. See Wheatley, H. B., London, Past and Present, Vol. 2 (London, 1891), 33Google Scholar.

877 Lloyd omitted the book here.

878 Poultry, a short street contiguous with Cheapside, at its east end, connecting the latter to the junction with Threadneedle St., etc.

879 Again, Lloyd omitted the book cited, but it seems likely to have been Psalm 111:2: ‘The works of the Lord are great, sought out of all them that have pleasure therein.’

880 Meaning unclear; could also read ‘J’.

881 Perhaps this is a reference to work done to Lloyd's chimney chute, albeit spelled phonetically.

882 Lillywhite lists five establishments of this name, but only two can be found referenced during Lloyd's time; one at Sweeting's Alley ‘by the Exchange’, and one in Birchin Lane, both mentioned c.1702–1714.

883 ‘Surfeit water’ was a common treatment for indigestion dating to at least the 17th century; for an exemplar recipe containing mint, thistle, and wormwood, amongst other ingredients, see Woolley, Hannah, The Accomplisht Ladys Delight, in Preserving, Physick, Beautifying and Cookery (London, 1675), 93Google Scholar.

884 Carduus is the genus to which thistles belong; it seems Lloyd was suffering badly with indigestion!

885 Henry Overton (1675/6–1751), second son of John Overton (1639/40–1713), who took over his father's printing and publishing business in 1707. It operated from the ‘White Horse without Newgate’. For a good summary of the Overton family and its operations, see ODNB.

886 Either Old Palace Yard or New Palace Yard: grounds around the Palace of Westminster.

887 Lillywhite lists one establishment from Lloyd's time as ‘King Street Coffee House’, at King St., Westminster, referred to in the fifth edn of Izaak Walton's Compleat Angler (1676): LCH, 317. There are, however, several King Sts in London (in Cheapside, Covent Garden, Bloomsbury, Soho, West Smithfield, etc.), each of which were home to more than one coffee house; too many, in fact, to be worth listing here. Ibid. 789.

888 See n. 962, 15 March 1712.

889 There are numerous White Horse Yards on Rocque's 1746 map of London, but the most likely candidate here is that off Goswell St., now Goswell Rd, just north of the Barbican where it becomes Aldersgate St. Lady Mathews owned property in the adjacent Vine Yard, mentioned frequently below.

890 Lloyd was probably referring to a ‘repeater’, a watch which would ‘strike’ hours, or sometimes smaller intervals within the hour, though minute repeaters were not invented until 1767. In 1711, such devices would have been unreliable and inaccurate, but were expensive novelties and status symbols; Macey, Samuel, Clocks and the Cosmos: Time in Western Life and Thought (Hamden, 1980), 30Google Scholar.

891 ‘Moreover his mother made him a little coat, and brought it to him from year to year, when she came up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice’, 1 Samuel 2:19. It seems possible that Lloyd cited the wrong chapter and verse here, since it is identical to that of the earlier sermon, and also seems an unlikely passage on which to preach.

892 The Ship Tavern.

893 This seems likely to have been William Stanley (1647–1731), who was prebendary of Codington Major and later canon residentiary at St Paul's. Stanley was created DD by Archbishop Sancroft in 1685. He was appointed master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 1693–1698, and later became dean of St Asaph, Wales, in 1706. Stanley was a leading Fellow of the Royal Society, and also (like many of the clergymen whom Lloyd appears to have favoured or associated with) preached in support of the Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts. ODNB.

894 Lloyd's own landlord or rent-gatherer cannot be identified.

895 No chapter or verse.

896 Very unclear in bottom corner: originally ‘pd’ (uncertain).

897 Basing Lane connected Bow Lane to Bread St.; it lay roughly in line with part of what is now Cannon St.

898 In other words, for money borrowed or lent, often at interest, OED.

899 Samuel Wright, A Funeral Sermon, upon the Sudden and Much Lamented Death of Dr. Francis Upton; who Died September 4th, 1711. Preached at Black-Fryars (1711). Samuel Wright (1683–1746) was a noted presbyterian and dissenter, whose meeting house was wrecked by the mob during the Sacheverell riots in 1710, ODNB. Upton appears to have been a rather obscure figure, but the contents of the sermon suggests that he was a fellow nonconformist of some kind, and Lloyd's interest in him again hints at a whiggish, Low Church, and even latitudinarian sensibility.

900 For Samuel Baker, the reader at St Michael Bassishaw in Basinghall St., see n. 702, 14 January 1711.

901 In St Swithin's Lane, or ‘Swithin's Alley’: possibly two separate establishments, or perhaps the same. Sweeting's Alley was sometimes referred to as ‘Swithin's’. The former found referenced c.1681–1714, the latter 1708–1738, LCH, 126, 684–685.

902 I can find little reference to such an establishment, except that a tavern by the same name still existed in Aldersgate St. in 1731, London Journal, 19 June 1731, BL, Burney Collection. This seems likely to have been the same premises visited by Lloyd, since Vine Yard is just off Aldersgate St.

903 Belly.

904 Melilot, or sweet clover, is a variety of plant which was formerly used – amongst other things – in plasters and dressings to reduce swelling, OED.

905 This was presumably a medicament of some kind rather than tobacco snuff, though I have not been able to trace it.

906 Several early pamphlets issued by the Charitable Corporations place its offices at ‘New Lombard House’, Duke St., Westminster, at the site of the former Admiralty Office. See Anon., Advertisement: From the Charitable Corporation for Relief of Industrious Poor (London, 1709?), GHL, 7.105; Anon., From the Lombard house in Duke-street, Westminster: Abstract of the settlement for insurance of goods against loss by fire, inrolled in the high court of Chancery, by the Charitable corporation (London, 1708?), GHL, 7.101; Anon., From the new Lombard-house in Dukes-street, Westminster: The method of securing the fund of the Charitable corporation (London, 1708?), GHL, 7.100; Anon., An account of the office now setting up by the Charitable Corporation, BL, Add MS 61619, fo. 213.

907 ‘Sneezing’ snuff, a ‘powder or preparation for inducing sneezing’, OED.

908 The entries for 2 and 3 November are in reverse order.

909 Still a ‘well-accustomed button shop’ in Paternoster Row by 1744, LTR, Vol. 3, 161.

910 The Boyle Lecture for 1711–1712 was delivered by William Derham (1657–1735), a clergyman and natural philosopher. His lectures were published as Physico-Theology, or, A Demonstration of the Being and Attributes of God (London, 1713).

911 Untidy and unclear.

912 Probably the Pye Tavern, actually at Aldgate (which joins Fenchurch St.), which stood from at least the 17th century and was the venue for occasional plays; London, Past and Present, Vol. 1, 28. It still stood in 1720, Anon., Tryals for High-Treason, and Other Crimes, pt. 5 (London, 1720), 642.

913 Ambiguous; rendered unclear by tight binding.

914 A large and magnificent church in the heart of the City, St Magnus the Martyr has a long and storied history. Standing prominently in (Lower) Thames St., the church probably dates to the 11th century, predating St Magnus of Orkney, to whom it is dedicated. The present building, however, was built by Wren in c.1671–1684 after initial work begun by the parish in 1668. See TBE, London 1, 231–233; Young and Young, Old London Churches, 96–98.

915 Crammed into the edge of the page: very untidy and unclear.

916 Lillywhite lists three potential establishments by this name: at Half Moon Alley, Cheapside, at Bedford Court – both c.1702–1714 – and, less probably, at Devereux Court, first referenced in 1734. LCH, 646 and 746. Lillywhite also lists several coffee houses with ‘Widow’ and a surname, such as ‘Widow Nixon's’ – too many, in fact, to list here, ibid. 65.

917 This may have been the cellar at one of the royal residences in London at the time: Kensington Palace, Whitehall, or St James's; perhaps the rest of the entry indicates the latter.

918 Originally ‘Com~’. Lloyd and his colleagues were discussing a minute from the Commissioners of the Customs.

919 Lillywhite lists no establishments as ‘Willies’, but has ‘Willey's’ or ‘Willet's’ as standing ‘near the Custom House’ – this seems the likely candidate. References date from c.1702–1714, LCH, 659. Lillywhite lists far too many establishments by the name ‘Will's’ to cover here.

920 ‘The Vine’ was a popular name for taverns or inns, but this may have been the Vine coffee house, which stood on the western side of Bishopsgate Street Within from 1677 until perhaps the 1830s, LCH, 743–744. It can be seen on Rocque's 1746 map.

921 Possibly ‘Mord’.

922 Possibly a parting gift or drink, OED.

923 Here things become confused; Lloyd appears to have written two incompatible entries for Monday 17 December, but in the second the ‘17’ is written over a deleted 18, in the next entry ‘18’ replaces ‘19’, and the ensuring ‘19’ is written over 20, before an entry dated ‘20’ is deleted. Which precise day is represented by which entry is not entirely clear.

924 Lloyd uses an abbreviation here which is unclear as the ink has blotched; alternatively ‘commission’.

925 See Introduction pp. 29–30.

926 The sign of the Duke of Grafton's Head in Old Bailey appears to have been used at this time as a base of operations for thief-takers. By 1715, the infamous ‘Thief-taker General’ Jonathan Wilde (1682/3–1725) was advertising his services from this location, Post Man and Historical Account, 28–30 June 1715, issue 11150, BL, Burney Collection.

927 Gilbert Burnet (1643–1715), a Scottish philosopher and historian, bishop of Salisbury from 1689 until his death. For his long and significant career, in which he displayed whiggish and ‘low church’ leanings, cannot be summarized here, see ODNB.

928 Identity unclear. See n. 766, 8 March 1711.

929 ‘Us’ referring to the Coast Waiters of the Customs.

930 A custodian of a wharf, today more commonly known as a harbourmaster.

931 Sir Stephen Evance (1654/5–1712) was a merchant, financier, goldsmith, and MP for Bridport, 1690–1698. Amongst various other entrepreneurial activities, Evance was twice a governor of the Hudson's Bay Company (1692–1696; 1700–1711), and in 1691 founded the Hollow Sword Blades Company, which went on to play a central role in the South Sea Bubble. Evance also lent very substantial sums to the crown, being one of its biggest financiers in the 1690s. By the end of 1711, however, his business prospects were less favourable, and an attempt to establish an enterprise insuring merchants led to his downfall and bankruptcy. He hanged himself on 5 March 1712, at the house of Sir Caesar Child, a fact reported by Lloyd on 6 March 1712. Lloyd appears to have also known the Childs: see 6 January 1712. See also ODNB; Hist. Parl. 1690–1715, Vol. 3, 993–995.

932 See Sunday, 16 December 1711.

933 Probably Dame Hester Child, née Evance (c.1682/3–1733), who married Sir Caesar Child, 2nd Baronet (c.1678–1725) in November 1698. Hester was probably the daughter of John Evance, brother or some other relation of Sir Stephen Evance mentioned above, who may have been a ‘waiter in the Custom House’, potentially explaining Lloyd's connection to them. However, this source is unreliable, erroneously giving the year of the aforementioned marriage as 1718: see George Marshall (ed.), Le Neve's Pedigrees of the Knights (London, 1873), 435. Sir Stephen and Hester Goodyer, mother of Hester Child, gave consent to the marriage: see Joseph Foster (ed.), London Marriage Licences, 1521–1869 (London, 1887), 276. For the wills of Sir Caesar Child and Dame Hester Child, the latter of which notes that she inherited the remaining estate of Sir Stephen Evance, see TNA, PROB 11/602/127 and PROB 11/657/264, respectively. For the will of one John Evance, merchant of Southwark (d.1661), probably the father of Sir Stephen Evance and another John Evance, see TNA, PROB 11/304/133.

934 Establishments at Fenchurch St. dating from Lloyd's time listed by Lillywhite include ‘Brown's’, ‘Frampton's’, and ‘Kimpton's’, LCH, 780.

935 Here we see the difficulty of interpreting Lloyd's abbreviations: ‘Charter House’ and ‘Custom House’ were both rendered ‘C.H’. However, Lloyd only ever went to prayers at Charterhouse, and Moore was a fellow Customs official. Lloyd also occasionally used the same abbreviation for ‘Coffee House’. See n. 715, 18 January 1711.

936 ‘Acks’ is likely an unusual spelling of ‘Axe’. Whilst there was no hospital in London with this name, Ax or Axe Yard, off Little Britain in Aldersgate, was immediately adjacent to (and now subsumed within) the premises of St Bartholomew's hospital, Harben, Dictionary of London.

937 Very ambiguous and unclear due to ink blotching.

938 A domestic building or outhouse; a pantry, storehouse, or, euphemistically, a toilet, OED. See 12 June 1712.

939 Very unclear: cramped at edge of page.

940 This name, though partly obscured by another word, can be read with some confidence. However, I have not been able to identify this preacher.

941 Probably ‘orange’.

942 Theriac, popularly known in early modern England as ‘Venetian treacle’, was an ancient and well-known panacea which had its origins in classical antiquity. Its name in English owes to its production in Venice during the medieval period; the word ‘treacle’ is a corruption of theriac. Doubts about its efficacy were raised in a treatise by William Heberden (1710–1801), and it declined in popularity thereafter. For an excellent summary of the history of theriac, see Griffin, J. P., ‘Venetian treacle and the foundation of medicines regulation’, British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 58 (2004), 317325CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed.

943 Here, Lloyd erroneously records this entry as a Tuesday.

944 St Sepulchre-without-Newgate, just north of Holborn Viaduct, is of medieval origin. It was originally dedicated to St Edmund, and was a possession of the Priory of St Bartholomew. Rebuilt in the 15th century, it was damaged, but not destroyed, in the Great Fire; the present building is mostly a restoration of the same structure, TBE, London 1, 258–260.

945 A ‘Magpye Alley’ off Aldersgate St. is recorded in William Stow, Remarks on London: Being an Exact Survey (London, 1722), 50; Rocque's 1746 map shows it on the western side of the street where it meets St Martin's Le Grand, immediately south of St Botolph's churchyard.

946 In other words, taking account of wine being unloaded from a ship at the wharf for the purposes of taxation.

947 Strictly speaking, no church stood or stands in Pudding Lane. There are several churches nearby, including the famous St Magnus-the-Martyr, but the most likely candidate is the now demolished St George, Botolph Lane, which, as Rocque's 1746 map shows, stood in George Lane connecting Pudding Lane and Botolph Lane, its rear overlooking the former. Destroyed in the Great Fire, it was rebuilt by Wren, in c.1671–1674. It was demolished in 1904. Young and Young, Old London Churches, 85.

948 Lloyd's meaning here is not entirely clear; the term ‘turnover’ may denote a type of shawl or collar, OED.

949 The only ‘Shaw's’ found by Lillywhite stood at Tower Royal, Watling St., in the 1660s, and was presumably destroyed by the Great Fire in 1666; LCH, 527.

950 Lloyd wrote ‘24’ over ‘23’; unusually, there is no entry for Saturday 23, and no explanation for its omission.

951 This was probably William Stonestreet (d.1716), rector of St Stephen Walbrook from 1689–1716, president of Sion College in 1710, prebend of Chichester in 1712–1716. See Cantabrigienses, Vol. 1, pt. 4, 169; CCEd Person ID: 20436.

952 Established in 1631 under the will of Thomas White, former rector of St Dunstan-in-the-West, as a clerical guildhall and library, Sion College was on the same site as St Alphage London Wall. The present building, constructed in the 1880s, is some distance away in Tufton St., Victoria Embankment, TBE, London 1, 337–338.

953 Perhaps the Crown Coffee House listed by Lillywhite as operating in 1767 in the no-longer extant Charles St. in Covent Garden, LCH, 691.

954 Originally ‘B. House’. Bridge House was the headquarters of Bridge House Estates, the charitable trust established by royal charter in 1282 to maintain London Bridge. It was on the south side of the Thames, near St Olave's Church (now Southwark Cathedral). Lloyd regularly attended Bridge House in the transaction of his Customs duties, though he never gives the specific purposes of his visits. Thereafter, Lloyd subsequently writes ‘Bridg house’ in the same entry. He always renders Bridge House ‘B.H’, which I have silently expanded.

955 The pipe, also known as a butt or cask, was a unit of measurement for wine equal to half a tun or or 252 old wine-gallons (1008 pints). Meaning of ‘in Baker’ unclear. Perhaps Bakers Hall, headquarters of the Bakers’ Company, then located on Harp Lane off Thames Street, near the Custom House. Why Lloyd wished to seize two pipes of wine, and for which ‘London duty’, is also unclear in the absence of further information.

956 See n. 931, 1 January 1712.

957 A suffrance was a licence to ship or discharge cargoes at a port; Hayes seems to apply the term with particular reference to the shipping of corn, Rules for the Port of London, 42–43.

958 The meaning of this abbreviation is unclear. It does not bear any obvious resemblance to the titles of any of the offices of the Customs. Lloyd's handwriting is untidy, but legible.

959 Here we see that ‘Dart’ and ‘Dark’ almost certainly refer to the same individual.

960 This reference is slightly mysterious; Lloyd referred to St Alphege London Wall regularly and so this seems an unlikely candidate. The church of All Hallows-on-the-Wall is the most likely; the present (rather large) building dates from 1765–1767 and is the work of George Dance the Younger, but the previous building dated to the 12th century, TBE, London 1, 186–188.

961 St Paul's, Covent Garden. Sometimes known as the ‘actors’ church’ due to its associations with the theatre, it was designed by Inigo Jones in 1631.

962 There was more than one ‘Ship Yard’ – that is, yards with this name, not actual shipyards – in 18th-century London, but Rocque's map shows one just off Glass House Yard, across Goswell Rd from Lloyd's frequent haunt of Vine Yard. However, Lillywhite has a ‘Ship Tavern’ at Ship Yard, Temple Bar, first mentioned in 1571, and later referenced throughout the 18th century until 1799. Alternatively, it may have been the ‘Ship Tavern’ off Bartholomew Lane (n. 794, 5 April 1678), at ‘Ship Court’, also known as ‘Black Swan Yard, formerly Ship Yard’, found referenced between 1656 and 1724, LCH, 736–737.

963 Replevin is a legal remedy which allows a party to recover property which has been seized, subject to the reasons for its seizure being tried in a court of law.

964 In Thames St. ‘over against the Custom House’, mentioned in an advertisement from 1711 proposing a ‘Joynt Adventure’ in the £1,500,000 Lottery, LCH, 516–517.

965 See n. 337, 28 July 1676. In this case, Lloyd is probably referring to a wine from the Sierras de Málaga region, today a protected DOP in Spain. An advertisement in the Daily Courant of 18 March 1712 prices it at 6s per gallon and 16d per quart; issue 3253, BL, Burney Collection.

966 A ‘transire’, from the Latin for ‘go across’, was a type of permit issued to merchants moving goods coastwise which were not subject to duty on export, or were subject to export duties under 20 (later 40) shillings, and therefore did not require a ‘cocket’ or Coast Bonds to be issued. It was, therefore, a ‘free pass’ for certain types of coastwise cargo. Hoon, Organization, 265–266; Carson, Ancient and Rightful Customs, 322.

967 Ambiguous: rendered slightly unclear by binding.

968 See n. 693, 8 January 1711. The lotteries of 1711 and 1712 functioned slightly differently to previous adventures, with much more generous terms. The ratio of prizes to ‘blanks’ (which Lloyd, sadly, seems to have ended up with) was nearly ten times higher than in 1710, the rate of interest on prizes and blacks was 6 per cent, and repayment of the principal was guaranteed within 32 years. See Bob Harris, ‘Lottery adventuring in Britain’, 289.

969 Lillywhite finds many references to Grigsby's Coffee House ‘near the Royal Exchange on the Threadneedle Street side’ (though it appears to have moved location and perhaps changed its name a number of times), c.1702–1833, though the precise establishment visited by Lloyd may have closed or moved by 1732, LCH, 247–250.

970 i.e. ultimo, last Michaelmas. Cf. last Ladyday: 25 April, 12 May, 15 July 1712.

971 This seems likely to stand for ‘coach house’ rather than ‘coffee house’, owing to Lloyd's mention of seizing Creek's horses at Vine Yard on 21 March 1711. The plan drawn up of Vine Yard for the consideration of the Commission for Building Fifty New Churches notes the presence of ‘Stables, Coach Houses and Tenements in the said yard’: Valuation of land and houses adjoining Cripplegate belonging to Lady Mathews, widow of Sir Philip Mathews, Bt, 20 December 1712, LPL, MS 2714, fo. 239.

972 Lloyd's meaning is uncertain here. This may be an unusual spelling of ‘China’ earthenware, or perhaps in the sense of a joint of meat, particularly of pork, ‘chine’ being an archaic term for back or spine, OED.

973 Mary Dell, the sister of Lloyd's wife Elizabeth, married to a Samuel Dell, both of whom are mentioned in Elizabeth's will: see also n. 798, 14 April 1711.

974 Very faint: could also be ‘suffrancs’. Probably ‘suffrances’ was intended: see n. 957, 7 March 1712.

975 Unclear: cramped at edge of page.

976 All Hallows-by-the-Tower: see n. 850, 6 July 1711.

977 See n. 966, 3 April 1712.

978 This may have been the Three Tuns, still in operation and now at 36 Jewry St., near the corner of Aldgate High St. It can be seen on Rocque's 1746 map at the corner of the High St. and what was then Jewry Lane, a mere ten minutes’ walk from the Custom House. Other establishment with this name existed in London at a time, in Holborn, and in Smithfield: see Daily Courant, 897 (1 March 1705) and 1667 (17 June 1707), BL, Burney Collection. Lloyd also mentions ‘the 3 Tons in Wood Streete’, 23 May 1712.

979 Customs business. Lloyd was stationed above London Bridge, either watching ships arriving along the Wharfs by the Custom House, or supervising the transport of goods onward by watermen. See n. 713, 18 January 1711.

980 ‘An apprentice whose indentures are transferred to another master on the retirement or failure of his original one’, OED.

981 Lloyd writes the entries for Saturday 3 and Sunday 4 in reverse order.

982 Lloyd mislabels this entry as Tuesday instead of Monday.

983 A light woollen stuff, similar to serge, sometimes containing silk, OED.

984 An archaic occupation; one who mends, alters, or refashions old clothing or shoes, OED. In this case, Lloyd was having his shoes altered, or perhaps replaced altogether.

985 Here abbreviated with a cross symbol.

986 ‘A woollen stuff of Flanders, glossy on the surface, and woven with a satin twill and chequered in the warp, so that the checks are seen on one side only’, OED.

987 Probably an antiquated spelling of ‘borough’, OED, but Lloyd's precise meaning is not clear.

988 The title of doctor should make this individual identifiable, but I can find no trace of any person whose name and dates correspond to the diary.

989 Perhaps the Horn on the north side of Fleet St., a ‘well-known tavern’ according to Latham and Matthews, mentioned in Pepys, Vol. 4, 102: see also Vol. 10, 423. It can be found in advertisements in the Daily Courant, 6 May 1712, BL, Burney Collection. It can still be seen on Rocque's 1746 map.

990 This is an error; there is no such verse.

991 Again, Lloyd must have been mistaken, as these verses do not exist.

992 Pomade.

993 ‘A canopy over a bed, supported on the posts of the bedstead or suspended from the ceiling’, OED.

994 Asparagus.

995 Probably sal volatile, another term for smelling salts, usually based on ammonium carbonate.

996 Elixir Proprietatis was a supposed panacea which dubious classical origins, which was regularly advertised in England in the 17th and 18th centuries. According to one pamphlet, penned by ‘J. H. a Lover of Truth’, it was composed of ‘Myrrh, Alloes, and Saffron’. The author outlined its efficacy in treating maladies such as ‘dropsie and scurvey’, ‘head-ach’, ‘consumption and coughs’, ‘green-sickness’, and even the plague. The excellent virtues and uses of the great antidote of Van Helmon, Paracelsus, and Crollius; by them called the Elixir Proprietatis (London, 1674).

997 Perhaps Lloyd meant to write ‘Coleman Street’?

998 Ink blotchy.

999 I can find no record of an establishment with this name in Islington. Several others existed in London proper, including one in Leadenhall St. (Daily Courant, 22 February, 1712), Charing Cross (Post Boy, 3–5 May 1712, BL, Burney Collection), and a coffee house or tavern listed by Lillywhite, which stood in St Alban's St., LCH, 681.

1000 If Lloyd and Elizabeth were still in Islington, this was likely the church of St Mary.

1001 A child, probably an orphan, supported by the parish as an act of charity. A public exhibition of the child's religious education and piety would have functioned to demonstrate that the parishioners’ philanthropy was worthwhile.

1002 This was probably the London Bridge Waterworks, on the western side of the bridge on the north bank. Established in 1581, it was one of the major companies supplying water to both the City and, after 1761, Southwark. On Rocque's 1746 map, it is labelled ‘Water H[ouse]’. See Tomory, Leslie, ‘Water technology in eighteenth-century London’, Urban History, 42 (2015), 381404CrossRefGoogle Scholar. Alternatively, a building called Water House stood at New River Head, a reservoir just south of Sadler's Wells, which collected water from the New River, an artificial waterway constructed to supply London with water from Hertfordshire in the early 17th century. It was the headquarters of the New River Company, another of the private enterprises set up to profit from the capital's demand for water, Tomory, The History of the London Water Industry, 1580–1820 (Baltimore, MD, 2017), 55.

1003 Abbreviated ‘C.H’. Established in 1685, the Guildhall Coffee House stood in King St., Cheapside, only a few minutes’ walk from the London Guildhall after which it was named. It operated until at least the 1870s, LCH, 252–254.

1004 See 23 January 1712 and n. 938.

1005 Probably cerecloth, a textile impregnated with wax or a similar substance, used for bandaging wounds and wrapping the dead, OED.

1006 Final digit extremely faint and uncertain.

1007 Meaning unclear: January or Junior?

1008 Thomas Sherlock (1677–1761), who succeeded his father William Sherlock (1639/40–1707) as master of Temple Church in 1705. In 1711, he became chaplain to Queen Anne, and in 1713, prebend of St Paul's. He subsequently became bishop of Bangor (1728), Salisbury (1734), and finally London (1748): ODNB; CCEd Person ID: 20305.

1009 Lloyd's hand is quite clear, but there are no such verses in Matthew, or similar.

1010 There is no entry for Saturday 5 July.

1011 Very cramped at the edge of the page.

1012 The binding is so tight at fos 117v–118r that the margins are completely unreadable in places.

1013 Unclear.

1014 Ambiguous: may be ‘Hitchinson’.

1015 Ambiguous: perhaps ‘with’. Could also be interpreted as ‘to’; colon very faint.

1016 Obscured by tight binding.

1017 Presumably an abbreviation, though to whom it refers to is unclear. Hand untidy and ambiguous: may read ‘Wat GH’.

1018 In Fleet St. ‘at Fetter Lane End’. This establishment is well documented in our period; Lillywhite notes that the proprietor, Nixon, probably died in 1713–1714, and that the business was carried on by his widow, and one ‘Mr Peele’ – interesting, since these names are both mentioned more than once by Lloyd himself; could they have been the same individuals? LCH, 410.

1019 The entry for either Thursday, 31 July or – less likely – Friday, 1 August is missing, perhaps as a result of the severe bouts of illness Lloyd was experiencing at this time. By this stage in the diary, Lloyd labelled his entry only with the numerical day, so, ‘30’ would stand for ‘Wednesday, 30 July’. In this case, the binding is so tight that the number cannot be seen at all for any of the entries, resulting in a speculative dating for this week of the diary.

1020 ‘6’ overwritten with ‘7’.

1021 Lloyd wrote his diary during the genesis of the insurance business in London. Surviving policies from the famous Sun Fire Office (established 1708) now constitute a treasure-trove of information about 18th-century London and Londoners: see Whitehead, Lance and Nex, Jenny, ‘The insurance of musical London and the Sun Fire Office, 1710–1779’, The Galpin Society Journal, 67 (2014), 181216Google Scholar, and ‘Wealth, occupations, in insurance in the late eighteenth century: The policy registers of the Sun Fire Office’, The Economic History Review, 36 (1983), 365–373.

1022 Dulwich Water was a purgative mineral water from Dulwich, then a small village outside London. Its efficacy was doubted in the 18th century. Waley, Leigh, Women and the Practice of Medical Care in Early Modern Europe, 1400–1800 (London, 2011), 80CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

1023 Unclear and blemished: possibly ‘Mrs’.

1024 Probably a ‘chaise’, a small carriage.

1025 Raisins.