Patricia Romero was born on 28 July 1934 and raised in Ohio. She earned her B.S. at Central State University in Education in 1964 while raising three boys. She chose Central State, a Historically Black University, both for its proximity and also, according to her middle son Arthur, for the “energy that was manifest in the burgeoning civil rights movement.” After graduating, she pursued her Master's degree at Miami University of Ohio in 1965, while raising her sons on her own and taking on a teaching role at Central State University. Ohio would round out Dr. Romero's education as she completed her Ph.D. in African History at The Ohio State University in 1971. She worked as a research assistant at the Association for the Study of African American Life and History, in Washington, D.C., to which she contributed a volume to its series, I Too Am America (1969), and as Editorial Director for United Publishing Company. She coauthored or edited four books during those years about Blacks in America, including: In Black America, 1968: The Year of the Awakening (ed.) and Negro Americans in the Civil War (coauthor). She enjoyed taking her sons around and visiting family members near sites of the nation's capital.