1World Health Organization (WHO). The World Health Report 2002 – Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life. Geneva: WHO, 2002.
2Maynard, M, Gunnell, D, Emmett, P, Frankel, S, Davey Smith, G. Fruit, vegetables and antioxidants in childhood and risk of adult cancer: the Boyd Orr cohort. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2003; 57: 218–225.
3World Health Organization (WHO). Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Report of a Joint WHO/Food and Agriculture Organization Expert Consultation. WHO Technical Report Series No. 916. Geneva: WHO, 2003.
4Reynolds, KD, Franklin, FA, Binkley, D, Raczynski, JM, Harrington, KF, Kirk, K, et al. . Increasing the fruit and vegetable consumption of fourth-graders: results from the High 5 Project. Preventive Medicine 2000; 30: 309–319.
5Dennison, BA, Roskwell, HL, Baker, SL. Fruit and vegetable intake in young children. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 1998; 17: 371–378.
7Ogden, CL, Flegal, KM, Carroll, MD, Johnson, CL. Prevalence and trends in overweight among US children and adolescents, 1999–2000. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association 2002; 288: 1728–1732.
8Troiano, RP, Flegal, KM. Overweight children and adolescents: description, epidemiology, and demographics. Pediatrics 1998; 101 (Suppl.): 497–504.
9 California 5 a Day – for Better Health! Campaign & Public Health Institute. California Children's Eating and Exercise Practices Survey: Fruits and Vegetables, A Long Way to Go [online], April 2000. Available at http://www.phi.org/pdf-library/CalCHEEPSsurvey.pdf. Accessed May 2007.
10Munoz, KA, Krebs-Smith, SM, Ballard-Barbash, R, Cleveland, LE. Food Intakes of US children and adolescents compared with recommendations. Pediatrics 1997; 100: 323–329.
11Blanchette, L, Brugg, J. Determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among 6–12 year old children and effective interventions to increase consumption. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 2005; 18: 431–443.
12Birch, LL, Fisher, JO. Development of eating behaviors among children and adolescents. Pediatrics 1998; 101 (Suppl.): 539–549.
13 Koplan JC, Liverman CT, Kraak VA, eds. Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2005. Also available at http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11015.html.
14Bere, E, Klepp, K. Changes in accessibility and preferences predict children's future fruit and vegetable intake. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2005; 2: 15–23.
15Hendy, H, Williams, K, Camise, T. ‘Kids Choice’ school lunch program increases children’s fruit and vegetable acceptance. Appetite 2005; 45: 250–263.
16Skinner, JD, Carruth, BR, Bounds, W, Ziegler, PJ. Children’s food preferences: a longitudinal analysis – research. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2002; 102: 1638–1647.
17Luepker, R, Perry, C, Mckinlay, S, Nader, P, Parcel, G, Stone, E, et al. . Outcomes of a field trial to improve children’s dietary patterns and physical activity: the Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health (CATCH). JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association 1996; 275: 768–776.
18Perry, CL, Bishop, DB, Taylor, GL, Davis, M, Story, M, Gray, C, et al. . A randomized school trial of environmental strategies to encourage fruit and vegetable consumption among children. Health Education & Behavior 2004; 31: 65–76.
19Slusser, WM, Cumberland, W, Winham, D, Browdy, B, Neumann, C. Overweight in urban, low-income, African American and Hispanic children attending Los Angeles elementary schools: research stimulating action. Public Health Nutrition 2005; 8: 141–148.
23Knai, C, Pomerleau, J, Lock, K, McKee, M. Getting children to eat more fruit and vegetables: a systematic review. Preventive Medicine 2005; 42: 85–95.
24Adams, M, Pelletier, RL, Zive, M, Sallis, J. Salad bars and fruit and vegetable consumption in elementary schools: a plate waste study. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2005; 105: 1789–1792.
25Epstein, LH, Gordy, CC, Raynor, HA, Beddome, M, Kilanowski, CK, Paluch, R. Increasing fruit and vegetable intake and decreasing fat and sugar intake in families at risk for childhood obesity. Obesity Research 2001; 9: 171–178.
26Ballow, C, Kuester, S, Serdula, M, Bowman, B, Dietz, W. Nutrient intakes and dietary patterns of young children by dietary fat intakes. Journal of Pediatrics 2000; 136: 181–187.
27Field, AE, Colditz, GA, Fox, MK, Byers, T, Serdula, M, Bosch, RJ, et al. . Comparison of 4 questionnaires for assessment of fruit and vegetable intake. American Journal of Public Health 1998; 88: 1216–1218.
28Nader, PR, Stone, EJ, Lytle, LA, Perry, CL, Osganian, SK, Kelder, S, et al. . Three-year maintenance of improved diet and physical activity: the CATCH cohort. Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 1999; 153: 695–704.
29Sahota, P, Rudolf, MC, Dixey, R, Hill, AJ, Barth, JH, Cade, J. Randomised controlled trial of primary school based intervention to reduce risk factors for obesity. British Medical Journal 2001; 323: 1029–1032.
30 Stang J, Story M, eds. Guidelines for Adolescent Nutrition Services. Minneapolis, MN: Center for Leadership, Education and Training in Maternal and Child Nutrition, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 2005.
31US Department of Health and Human Services (DHSS). Healthy People 2010. Washington, DC: DHHS, 2000.