Morley, JE (2012) Sarcopenia in the elderly. Fam Pract 29, i44–i48.
Bolster, DR, Jefferson, LS & Kimball, SR (2004) Regulation of protein synthesis associated with skeletal muscle hypertrophy by insulin-, amino acid- and exercise-induced signalling. Proc Nutr Soc 63, 351–356.
Denise, K, Houston, BJN & Ding, J et al. (2008) Dietary protein intake is associated with lean mass change in older, community-dwelling adults: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition (Health ABC) study. Am J Clin Nutr 87, 150–155.
Volpi, E, Mittendorfer, B, Rasmussen, BB et al. (2000) The response of muscle protein anabolism to combined hyperaminoacidemia and glucose-induced hyperinsulinemia is impaired in the elderly. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 85, 4481–4490.
Jung, HW, Kim, SW, Kim, IY et al. (2018) Protein intake recommendation for Korean older adults to prevent sarcopenia: expert consensus by the Korean Geriatric Society and the Korean Nutrition Society. Ann Geriatr Med Res 22, 167–175.
Paddon-Jones, D & Rasmussen, BB (2009) Dietary protein recommendations and the prevention of sarcopenia. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 12, 86–90.
Mamerow, MM, Mettler, JA, English, KL et al. (2014) Dietary protein distribution positively influences 24-h muscle protein synthesis in healthy adults. J Nutr 144, 876–880.
Ishikawa-Takata, K & Takimoto, H (2018) Current protein and amino acid intakes among Japanese people: analysis of the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey. Geriatr Gerontol Int 18, 723–731.
Shimokata, H, Ando, F & Niino, N (2000) A new comprehensive study on aging – the National Institute for Longevity Sciences, Longitudinal Study of Aging (NILS-LSA). J Epidemiol 10, 1 Suppl., S1–S9.
Imai, T, Sakai, S, Mori, K et al. (2000) Nutritional assessments of 3-day dietary records in National Institute for Longevity Sciences–Longitudinal Study of Aging (NILS-LSA). J Epidemiol 10, 1 Suppl., S70–S76.
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (2010) Standard Tables of Food Composition in Japan 2010: Report of the Subdivision on Resources the Council for Science and Technology Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. Tokyo: MEXT.
Yuki, A, Ando, F, Otsuka, R et al. (2015) Epidemiology of sarcopenia in elderly Japanese. J Phys Fitness Sports Med 4, 111–115.
Shimokata, H, Ando, F, Yuki, A et al. (2014) Age-related changes in skeletal muscle mass among community-dwelling Japanese: a 12-year longitudinal study. Geriatr Gerontol Int 14, 85–92.
Chen, LK, Liu, LK, Woo, J et al. (2014) Sarcopenia in Asia: consensus report of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia. J Am Med Dir Assoc 15, 95–101.
Kozakai, R, Ando, F, Kim, HY et al. (2012) Regular exercise history as a predictor of exercise in community-dwelling older Japanese people. J Phys Fitness Sports Med 1, 167–174.
Kumahara, H, Schutz, Y, Ayabe, M et al. (2004) The use of uniaxial accelerometry for the assessment of physical-activity-related energy expenditure: a validation study against whole-body indirect calorimetry. Br J Nutr 91, 235–243.
Japanese Association on Sarcopenia and Frailty (2017) Prevention for sarcopenia. In Guideline for Sarcopenia, pp. 34–35 [Committee of Japanese Association on Sarcopenia and Frailty, editor]. Tokyo: Lifescience Press (in Japanese).
Kobayashi, S, Asakura, K, Suga, H et al. (2013) High protein intake is associated with low prevalence of frailty among old Japanese women: a multicenter cross-sectional study. Nutr J 12, 164.
Bauer, J, Biolo, G, Cederholm, T et al. (2013) Evidence-based recommendations for optimal dietary protein intake in older people: a position paper from the PROT-AGE Study Group. J Am Med Dir Assoc 14, 542–559.
Bouillanne, O, Curis, E, Hamon-Vilcot, B et al. (2013) Impact of protein pulse feeding on lean mass in malnourished and at-risk hospitalized elderly patients: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Nutr 32, 186–192.
Deutz, NE & Wolfe, RR (2013) Is there a maximal anabolic response to protein intake with a meal? Clin Nutr 32, 309–313.
Kagawa, Y, Shibata, S, Oda, H, et al. (2009) Chrono-Nutrition, pp. 96–98. Saitama: Kagawa Nutrition University Publishing Division (in Japanese).
Willett, WC (2013) Nutritional Epidemiology, 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
Isanejad, M, Mursu, J, Sirola, J et al. (2015) Association of protein intake with the change of lean mass among elderly women: the Osteoporosis Risk Factor and Prevention – Fracture Prevention Study (OSTPRE-FPS). J Nutr Sci 4, e41.
Tieland, M, Borgonjen-Van den Berg, KJ, Van Loon, LJ et al. (2015) Dietary protein intake in Dutch elderly people: a focus on protein sources. Nutrients 7, 9697–9706.