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Monetary cost of dietary energy is negatively associated with BMI and waist circumference, but not with other metabolic risk factors, in young Japanese women

  • Kentaro Murakami (a1) (a2), Satoshi Sasaki (a1) (a3), Yoshiko Takahashi (a1) (a4), Kazuhiro Uenishi (a5) and the Japan Dietetic Students’ Study for Nutrition and Biomarkers Group...

Abstract

Objective

Little is known about the relationship of dietary cost to health status. The present cross-sectional study examined the association between the monetary cost of dietary energy (Japanese yen/4184 kJ) and several metabolic risk factors.

Design

Monetary cost of dietary energy was estimated based on dietary intake assessed by a self-administered diet history questionnaire and retail food prices. Body height and weight, from which BMI was derived, waist circumference and blood pressure were measured and fasting blood samples were collected for biochemical measurements.

Setting

A total of fifteen universities and colleges in Japan.

Subjects

A total of 1136 female Japanese dietetic students aged 18–22 years.

Results

After adjustment for potential confounding factors, monetary cost of dietary energy was significantly and negatively associated with BMI (P for trend = 0·0024). Monetary cost of dietary energy also showed a significant and negative association with waist circumference independently of potential confounding factors, including BMI (P for trend = 0·0003). No significant associations were observed for other metabolic risk factors examined (P for trend = 0·10–0·88).

Conclusions

The monetary cost of dietary energy was independently and negatively associated with both BMI and waist circumference, but not other metabolic risk factors, in a group of young Japanese women.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Email stssasak@nih.go.jp

Footnotes

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Members of the Japan Dietetic Students’ Study for Nutrition and Biomarkers Group (in addition to the authors) are: Mitsuyo Yamasaki, Yuko Hisatomi, Junko Soezima and Kazumi Takedomi (Nishikyushu University); Toshiyuki Kohri and Naoko Kaba (Kinki University); Etsuko Uneoka (Otemae College of Nutrition); Hitomi Hayabuchi and Yoko Umeki (Fukuoka Women’s University); Keiko Baba and Maiko Suzuki (Mie Chukyo University Junior College); Reiko Watanabe and Kanako Muramatsu (Niigata Women’s College); Kazuko Ohki, Seigo Shiga, Hidemichi Ebisawa and Masako Fuwa (Showa Women’s University); Tomoko Watanabe, Ayuho Suzuki and Fumiyo Kudo (Chiba College of Health Science); Katsumi Shibata, Tsutomu Fukuwatari and Junko Hirose (The University of Shiga Prefecture); Toru Takahashi and Masako Kato (Mimasaka University); Toshinao Goda and Yoko Ichikawa (University of Shizuoka); Junko Suzuki, Yoko Niida, Satomi Morohashi, Chiaki Shimizu and Naomi Takeuchi (Hokkaido Bunkyo University); Jun Oka and Tomoko Ide (Tokyo Kasei University); and Yoshiko Sugiyama and Mika Furuki (Minamikyushu University).

Footnotes

References

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