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The lack of effect of isoflavones on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations in adolescent boys: a 6-week randomised trial

  • Terence Dwyer (a1), Kristen L Hynes (a1), Jayne L Fryer (a1), C Leigh Blizzard (a1) and Fabien S Dalais (a2)...

Abstract

Background

A substantial fall in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) during puberty in boys, but not girls, has been reported in Western populations. The fall in boys is believed to be due to hormonal changes – androgens have been shown to be associated with lower HDL-C, whereas oestrogens are associated with higher HDL-C. The fall in HDL-C during puberty was not observed, however, in a study of Moslem boys in Israel, nor in a group of Japanese boys. A diet high in phyto-oestrogens may account for the lack of a fall in HDL-C in these populations.

Objective

To examine the effect of dietary supplementation with phyto-oestrogens on the HDL-C concentration of adolescent boys from a Western population. We hypothesised that dietary supplementation of 50 mg of the isoflavones daidzein and genistein would produce a 12% higher HDL-C concentration than in controls at the end of a 6-week intervention period.

Design

A randomised controlled trial.

Setting

Hellyer College in Burnie (Tasmania, Australia).

Subjects

Adolescent boys (aged 16–18 years) were recruited through a letter sent to parents. A total of 132 eligible participants enrolled and five subjects withdrew from the trial.

Results

No significant increase in HDL-C was observed in the treatment group (–0.02 mmol l–1, standard error (SE)=0.03, P = 0.53) or the placebo group (0.05 mmol l–1, SE = 0.03, P = 0.11).

Conclusions

Factors other than isolated dietary isoflavones may be responsible for the lack of fall in HDL-C during puberty in Japanese and Moslem boys.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author: Email K.L.Hynes@utas.edu.au

References

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Keywords

The lack of effect of isoflavones on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations in adolescent boys: a 6-week randomised trial

  • Terence Dwyer (a1), Kristen L Hynes (a1), Jayne L Fryer (a1), C Leigh Blizzard (a1) and Fabien S Dalais (a2)...

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