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Healthy eating in early years settings: a review of current national to local guidance for North West England

  • Katie Bristow (a1), Simon Capewell (a1), Katharine Abba (a1), Mark Goodall (a1) and Ffion Lloyd-Williams (a1)...

Abstract

Objective

To determine the extent to which national and local UK guidelines for the early years sector address key recommendations for encouraging healthy eating based on best available evidence.

Design

Phase 1 comprised a literature review to identify new evidence to assess current relevance of the Caroline Walker Trust (CWT) ‘Eating well for under-5 s in child care’ guidelines. Phase 2 assessed the completeness of seven local to national-level government guidelines by comparison with the ‘gold standard’ CWT guidelines.

Setting

Desk-based review using secondary data.

Subjects

Research literature and statutory guidelines on healthy eating in early years settings.

Results

Phase 1 retrieved seventy-five papers, of which sixty were excluded as they addressed compliance with nutritional and food-based standards only. One report examined a social marketing tool and was deemed too narrow. The remaining fourteen documents assessed interventions to encourage healthy eating in early years settings. Following quality assessment, seven documents were included. Nine key recommendations were identified: (i) role of government; (ii) early years setting policy/guidelines; (iii) training; (iv) menu planning; (v) parents; (vi) atmosphere and encouragement; (vii) learning through food; (viii) sustainability; and (ix) equal opportunities. Phase 2 identified that all seven guidelines included the nine key recommendations but sporadic cover of sub-key recommendations.

Conclusions

More detail is needed on how early years settings can encourage children to eat healthily. Research is required to develop second-layer guidance for interactive materials. Clear processes of communication and support for parents are required. Ways food relates to children's wider learning and social development need further thought, requiring collaboration between the Department of Health and the Department for Education.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Email K.S.Bristow@liverpool.ac.uk

References

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Keywords

Healthy eating in early years settings: a review of current national to local guidance for North West England

  • Katie Bristow (a1), Simon Capewell (a1), Katharine Abba (a1), Mark Goodall (a1) and Ffion Lloyd-Williams (a1)...

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