1.Smith, AP (1998) Breakfast and mental health. Int J Food Sci Nutr 49, 397–402.
2.Smith, AP (2003) Breakfast cereal consumption and subjective reports of health by young adults. Nutr Neurosci 6, 59–61.
3.Pollitt, E, Leibel, RL & Greenfield, D (1981) Brief fasting, stress, and cognition in children. Am J Clin Nutr 34, 1526–1533.
4.Lien, L (2007) Is breakfast consumption related to mental distress and academic performance in adolescents? Public Health Nutr 10, 422–428.
5.Rampersaud, GC, Pereira, MA, Girard, BL, Adams, J & Metzl, JD (2005) Breakfast habits, nutritional status, body weight, and academic performance in children and adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc 105, 743–760.
6.Lytle, L, Seifert, S, Greenstein, J & McGovern, P (2000) How do children’s eating patterns and food choices change over time? Results from a cohort study. Am J Health Promot 14, 222–228.
7.Nicklas, TA, Bao, W, Webber, LS & Berenson, GS (1993) Breakfast consumption affects adequacy of total daily intake in children. J Am Diet Assoc 93, 886–891.
8.Kerver, JM, Yang, EJ, Obayashi, S, Bianchi, L & Song, WO (2006) Meal and snack patterns are associated with dietary intake of energy and nutrients in US adults. J Am Diet Assoc 106, 46–53.
9. Dubois L, Girard M, Potvin Kent M, Farmer A & Tatone-Tokuda F (2008) Breakfast skipping is associated with differences in meal patterns, macronutrient intakes and overweight among pre-school children. Public Health Nutr (E-publication ahead of print version).
10.Wesnes, KA, Pincock, C, Richardson, D, Helm, G & Hails, S (2003) Breakfast reduces declines in attention and memory over the morning in schoolchildren. Appetite 41, 329–331.
11.Benton, D, Griffiths, R & Haller, J (1997) Thiamine supplementation mood and cognitive functioning. Psychopharmacology 129, 66–71.
12.Simeon, DT & Grantham-McGregor, SM (1990) Nutritional deficiencies and children’s behaviour and mental development. Nutr Res Rev 3, 1–24.
13.Bellisle, F (2004) Effects of diet on behaviour and cognition in children. Br J Nutr 92, S227–S232.
14.Kessler, RC, Berglund, P, Demler, O, Jin, R & Walters, EE (2005) Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry 62, 593–602.
15.Newnham, JP, Evans, SF, Michael, CA, Stanley, FJ & Landau, LI (1993) Effects of frequent ultrasound during pregnancy: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 342, 887–891.
16.Crawford, P, Obarzanek, E & Morrison, J (1994) Comparative advantage of 3-day food records over 24-hour recall and 5-day food frequency validated by observation of 9- and 10-year-old girls. J Am Diet Assoc 94, 626–630.
17.Di Candilo, KG, Oddy, WH, Miller, M, Sloan, N, Kendall, GE & de Klerk, NH (2007) Follow-up phone-calls increase nutrient intake estimated by three-day food diaries in 13 year old participants of the Raine study. Nutr Diet 64, 165–171.
18.Radcliffe, BC, Ogden, C, Coyne, T & Craig, P (2004) Breakfast consumption patterns of upper primary school students in 14 Queensland schools. Nutr Diet 61, 151–158.
19.Smith, A, Kellett, E & Schmerlaib, Y (1998) The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating. Victoria: Commonwealth of Australia.
20.Achenbach, TM & McConaughy, SH (1997) Empirically Based Assessment of Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
21.Achenbach, TM (1991) Manual for the Child Behavior Checklist/4-18 and 1991 Profile. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry.
22.Warnick, EM, Bracken, MB & Kasl, S (2008) Screening efficiency of the Child Behavior Checklist and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: a systematic review. Child Adolesc Ment Health 13, 140–147.
23.Zubrick, SR, Silburn, S, Gurrin, L, Teoh, H, Shepherd, C, Carlton, J & Lawrence, D (1997) Western Australian Child Health Survey: Education, Health and Competence. Perth: Australian Bureau of Statistics and the Telethon Institute for Child Health Research.
24.Rierdan, J & Koff, E (1997) Weight, weight-related aspects of body image, and depression in early adolescent girls. Adolescence 32, 615–624.
25.Cole, TJ, Flegal, KM, Nicholls, D & Jackson, AA (2007) Body mass index cut offs to define thinness in children and adolescents: international survey. BMJ 335, 194–201.
26.Cole, TJ, Bellizzi, MC, Flegal, KM & Dietz, WH (2000) Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ 320, 1240–1243.
27.Bor, W, Najman, JM, Andersen, MJ, O’Callaghan, M, Williams, GM & Behrens, BC (1997) The relationship between low family income and psychological disturbance in young children: an Australian longitudinal study. Aust N Z J Psychiatry 31, 664–675.
28.Gleason, PM (1995) Participation in the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program. Am J Clin Nutr 61, 213S–220S.
29.Najman, JM, Behrens, BC, Andersen, M, Bor, W, O’Callaghan, M & Williams, GM (1997) Impact of family type and family quality on child behavior problems: a longitudinal study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 36, 1357–1365.
30.Epstein, NB, Baldwin, LM & Bishop, DS (1983) The McMaster Family Assessment Device. J Marital Fam Ther 9, 171–180.
31.Byles, J, Byrne, C, Boyle, MH & Offord, DR (1988) Ontario Child Health Study: reliability and validity of the General Functioning subscale of the McMaster Family Assessment Device. Fam Process 27, 97–104.
32.Paluska, SA & Schwenk, TL (2000) Physical activity and mental health: current concepts. Sports Med 29, 167–180.
33.Baghurst, KI & Record, SJ (1983) Intake and sources in selected Australian subpopulations of dietary constituents implicated in the etiology of chronic diseases. J Food Nutr 40, 1–15.
34.Rohan, TE, Record, SJ & Cook, MG (1987) Repeatability of estimates of nutrient and energy intake: the quantitative food frequency approach. Nutr Res 7, 125–137.
35.Haines, PS, Siega-Riz, AM & Popkin, BM (1999) The diet quality index revised: a measurement instrument for populations. J Am Diet Assoc 99, 697–704.
36.Aranceta, J, Serra-Majem, L, Ribas, L & Pérez-Rodrigo, C (2001) Breakfast consumption in Spanish children and young people. Public Health Nutr 4, 1439–1444.
37.Matthys, C, De Henauw, S, Bellemans, M, De Maeyer, M & De Backer, G (2007) Breakfast habits affect overall nutrient profiles in adolescents. Public Health Nutr 10, 413–421.
38.Benton, D, Brett, V & Brain, PF (1987) Glucose improves attention and reaction to frustration in children. Biol Psychol 24, 95–100.
39.Fishbein, DH & Pease, SE (1994) Diet, nutrition, and aggression. J Offender Rehab 21, 117–144.
40.Kaplan, BJ, Field, CJ, Crawford, SG & Simpson, JSA (2007) Vitamins, minerals, and mood. Psychol Bull 133, 747–760.
41.Blokland, A (1995) Acetylcholine: a neurotransmitter for learning and memory? Brain Res Rev 21, 285–300.
42.Hartvig, P, Lindner, KJ, Bjurling, P, Långström, B & Tedroff, J (1995) Pyridoxine effect on synthesis rate of serotonin in the monkey brain measured with positron emission tomography. J Neural Transm 102, 91–97.
43.Benton, D, Haller, J & Fordy, J (1995) Vitamin supplementation for 1 year improves mood. Neuropsychobiology 32, 98–105.
44.Young, SN (2002) Clinical nutrition: 3. The fuzzy boundary between nutrition and psychopharmacology. Can Med Assoc J 166, 205–209.
45.Hutto, BR (1997) Folate and cobalamin in psychiatric illness. Compr Psychiatry 38, 305–314.
46.Jimenez Del Rio, MM, Velez Pardo, CC, Pinxteren, JJ, De Potter, WW, Ebinger, GG & Vauquelin, GG (1993) Binding of serotonin and dopamine to ‘serotonin binding proteins’ in bovine frontal cortex: evidence for iron-induced oxidative mechanisms. Eur J Pharmacol 247, 11–21.
47.Tanaka, H, Taira, K, Arakawa, M, Masuda, A, Yamamoto, Y, Komoda, Y, Kadegaru, H & Shirakawa, S (2002) An examination of sleep health, lifestyle and mental health in junior high school students. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 56, 235–236.
48.Smith, A, Bazzoni, C, Beale, J, Elliott-Smith, J & Tiley, M (2001) High fibre breakfast cereals reduce fatigue. Appetite 37, 249–250.
49.Shahar, D, Shai, I, Vardi, H, Shahar, A & Fraser, D (2005) Diet and eating habits in high and low socioeconomic groups. Nutrition 21, 559–566.
50.Bond, L, Toumbourou, JW, Thomas, L, Catalano, RF & Patton, G (2005) Individual, family, school, and community risk and protective factors for depressive symptoms in adolescents: A comparison of risk profiles for substance use and depressive symptoms. Prev Sci 6, 73–88.
51.Christensen, L (2001) The effect of food intake on mood. Clin Nutr 20, S161–S166.
52.Benton, D & Donohoe, RT (1999) The effects of nutrients on mood. Public Health Nutr 2, 403–409.
53.Liebman, M, Pelican, S, Moore, S et al. (2003) Dietary intake, eating behavior, and physical activity-related determinants of high body mass index in rural communities in Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27, 684–692.
54.Sawyer, MG, Miller-Lewis, MR & Clark, JJ (2007) The mental health of 13–17 year-olds in Australia: Findings from the national survey of mental health and well-being. J Youth Adolesc 36, 185–194.