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Diet quality and hearing loss among middle–older aged adults in the USA: findings from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

  • Qiushi Huang (a1) (a2), Yichen Jin (a2), Nicholas S Reed (a3) (a4), Yan Ma (a5), Melinda C Power (a1) and Sameera A Talegawkar (a1) (a2)...

Abstract

Objective:

To examine the associations between overall diet quality and hearing function among middle–older aged adults in the USA.

Design:

Cross-sectional analysis. Diet quality was examined using the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS), using data from a single 24 h dietary recall. Hearing function was objectively measured by audiometry assessments and hearing loss, including high- and low-frequency hearing loss, was defined as pure-tone averages at specific ranges of hearing frequencies >25 dB. Weighted logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the associations of MDS (scored 0–9, categorized at the median as ≤3 or >3) with hearing loss and high- and low-frequency hearing loss.

Setting:

National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2000–2006 and 2009–2012.

Participants:

Adults aged ≥50 years (n 1639) with valid dietary and audiometry assessments.

Results:

After adjusting for potential confounders, a non-significant trend for a protective association of higher MDS was observed for hearing loss (OR = 0·78; 95 % CI 0·49, 1·23). A significant inverse association was observed for high-frequency hearing loss (OR = 0·64; 95 % CI 0·43, 0·95). No association was found for low-frequency hearing loss among women; however, higher MDS was significantly associated with higher odds of low-frequency hearing loss among men (OR = 2·63; 95 % CI 1·39, 4·95).

Conclusions:

Among middle–older aged adults, adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet was inversely associated with hearing loss, including those at high hearing frequencies, among older adults. However, a detrimental association was observed at low hearing frequencies among men. Future investigations with a longitudinal design are needed to clarify the associations between diet quality and hearing loss.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Email sameera.talegawkar@alumni.tufts.edu

References

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Diet quality and hearing loss among middle–older aged adults in the USA: findings from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

  • Qiushi Huang (a1) (a2), Yichen Jin (a2), Nicholas S Reed (a3) (a4), Yan Ma (a5), Melinda C Power (a1) and Sameera A Talegawkar (a1) (a2)...

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