Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Childhood diet in relation to Sámi and Norwegian ethnicity in northern and mid-Norway – the SAMINOR study

  • M Brustad (a1), CL Parr (a2), M Melhus (a1) and E Lund (a1)

Abstract

Objective

The purpose of this work was to identify dietary patterns in the past using cluster analysis of reported diet in childhood, and to assess predictors for dietary patterns in relation to ethnicity in the population in the Sámi core areas in Norway. The Sámis are an indigenous population living in the border areas of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia.

Design

Population-based, cross-sectional study, using self-administered questionnaires. A food-frequency questionnaire covering selected food items eaten in childhood was used. The questionnaire also provided data on ethnicity.

Subjects and setting

This study was based on data collected from 7614 subjects participating in The Population Based Study of Health and Living Conditions in Areas with a Mixed Sámi and Norwegian Population (the SAMINOR study) who grew up in the SAMINOR geographical areas, i.e. areas with mixed Sámi and Norwegian populations in Norway.

Results

Four dietary clusters were identified: a reindeer meat cluster; a cluster with high intakes of fish, traditional fish products and mutton, in addition to food sources from the local environment; a Westernised food cluster with high intakes of meat balls and sausages; and a cluster with a high intake of fish, but not any other foods in the questionnaire. The cluster distribution differed by ethnicity, but the effect of ethnicity on diet differed by coastal and inland residence.

Conclusion

Our study has shown that data gathered through the limited questionnaire could be used to group the study sample into different dietary clusters, which we believe will be useful for further research on relationships between diet in childhood and health in the Sámi core areas in Norway.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Childhood diet in relation to Sámi and Norwegian ethnicity in northern and mid-Norway – the SAMINOR study
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Childhood diet in relation to Sámi and Norwegian ethnicity in northern and mid-Norway – the SAMINOR study
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Childhood diet in relation to Sámi and Norwegian ethnicity in northern and mid-Norway – the SAMINOR study
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author: Email magritt.brustad@ism.uit.no

References

Hide All
1Brox, J, Bjornstad, E, Olaussen, K. Hemoglobin, iron, nutrition and lifestyle among adolescents in a coastal and an inland community in northern Norway. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2003; 62: 130141.
2Bøe, E, Sørlie, AA. Kostholdsundersøkelse og helkroppsmålinger på reindriftssamer i Kautokeino 1989 og 1990 [Dietary Assessments and Whole Body Measurements in Reindeer Herding Sámis in Kautokeino 1989 and 1990]. SIS Rapport 1991:10. Oslo: Statens institutt for strålehygiene, 1991.
3Nilsen, H, Utsi, E, Bonaa, KH. Dietary and nutrient intake of a Sami population living in traditional reindeer herding areas in north Norway: comparisons with a group of Norwegians. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 1999; 58: 120133.
4Ringstad, J, Aaseth, J, Johnsen, K, Utsi, E, Thomassen, Y. High serum selenium concentrations in reindeer breeding Lappish men. Arctic Medical Research 1991; 50: 103106.
5Kuhnlein, HV. Benefits and risks of traditional food for Indigenous Peoples: focus on dietary intakes of Arctic men. Canadian Journal of Biochemistry and Physiology 1995; 73: 765771.
6Blanchet, C, Dewailly, E, Ayotte, P, Bruneau, S, Receveur, O, Holub, BJ. Contribution of selected traditional and market foods to the diet of Nunavik Inuit women. Journal of the Canadian Dietetic Association 2000; 61: 5059.
7Receveur, O, Boulay, M, Kuhnlein, HV. Decreasing traditional food use affects diet quality for adult Dene/Metis in 16 communities of the Canadian Northwest Territories. Journal of Nutrition 1997; 127: 21792186.
8Specker, BL. Do North American women need supplemental vitamin D during pregnancy or lactation? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1994; 59: 484S490S.
9Kuhnlein, HV. Dietary fat in traditional and contemporary northern indigenous food systems. Arctic Medical Research 1994; 53: 285288.
10Haldorsen, T, Tynes, T. Cancer in the Sami population of North Norway, 1970–1997. European Journal of Cancer Prevention 2005; 14: 6368.
11Soininen, L, Jarvinen, S, Pukkala, E. Cancer incidence among Sami in northern Finland, 1979–1998. International Journal of Cancer 2002; 100: 342346.
12Michels, KB, Rosner, BA, Chumlea, WC, Colditz, GA, Willett, WC. Preschool diet and adult risk of breast cancer. International Journal of Cancer 2006; 118: 749754.
13Bække, U, Laeskogen, BM, Øgrim, ME. Kostholdsundersøkelser i Kåfjord [Dietary Assessments in Kåfjord]. Melding nr. 12. Oslo: Forskningsresultater fra Landsforeningen for Kosthold og Helse, 1968.
14Solvang, A, Øgrim, ME. Kostholdsundersøkelser i Kautokeino og Karasjok [Dietary Assessments in Kautokeino and Karasjok]. Melding nr. 11. Oslo: Forskningsresultater fra Landsforeningen for Kosthold og Helse, 1967.
15Øgrim, ME. Kostholdsundersøkelser ved skoleinternater i Finnmark [Dietary Assessments at Boarding Schools in Finnmark]. Melding nr. 10. Oslo: Forskningsresultater fra Landsforeningen for Kosthold og Helse, 1966.
16 Lund E, Melhus M, Hansen K, Nystad T, Borderstad A-R, Selmer R, et al. Population based study of health and social conditions in areas with both Sami and Norwegian inhabitants – the SAMINOR study. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2007; 66: 113128.
17 Aubert V. Den samiske befolkning i Nord-Norge [The Lappish Population in Northern Norway]. Artikler fra Statistisk Sentralbyrå nr. 107 [online], 1978. Available at http://www.ssb.no/histstat/art_107.pdf. Accessed May 2007.
18Kloster, J. The distribution and frequency of rickets in one of the fishery districts of Finnmark and relation of diet to the disorder. Acta Paediatrica 1931; 12: Supplementum III.
19 Larsen A. Sjøsamenes mat og matstell. Om sjøsamene [Sea Sámis' Diet and Cooking. About the Sea Sámis]. Tromsø museums årshefter. Humanistisk avd. nr. 13, 1950: 15–19.
20Solvang, A, Øgrim, ME. Kostholdsundersøkelser i Gamvik herred [Dietary Assessments in Gamvik Municipality]. Melding nr. 4. Oslo: Forskningsresultater fra Landsforeningen for Kosthold og Helse, 1963.
21Everitt, BS, Leese, M, Landau, S. Cluster Analysis. London: Arnold, 2004.
22Willett, WC. Nutritional Epidemiology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
23Frazier, AL, Willett, WC, Colditz, GA. Reproducibility of recall of adolescent diet: Nurses’ Health Study (United States). Cancer Causes & Control 1995; 6: 499506.
24Dwyer, JT, Gardner, J, Halvorsen, K, Krall, EA, Cohen, A, Valadian, I. Memory of food intake in the distant past. American Journal of Epidemiology 1989; 130: 10331046.
25Maruti, SS, Feskanich, D, Colditz, GA, Frazier, AL, Sampson, LA, Michels, KB, et al. . Adult recall of adolescent diet: reproducibility and comparison with maternal reporting. American Journal of Epidemiology 2005; 161: 8997.
26Vestertana og Boftsa skoler/Deanodat. Sjøsamiske mattradisjoner fra vestre Tana/Mearrasámid borramušvieut oarjjit Deanus [Sea Sámi Food Tradition from Western Tana]. Tana: Vestertana og Boftsa skoler, 1994.
27Norat, T, Bingham, S, Ferrari, P, Slimani, N, Jenab, M, Mazuir, M, et al. . Meat, fish, and colorectal cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Journal of National Cancer Institute 2005; 97: 906916.

Keywords

Childhood diet in relation to Sámi and Norwegian ethnicity in northern and mid-Norway – the SAMINOR study

  • M Brustad (a1), CL Parr (a2), M Melhus (a1) and E Lund (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed